POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 95
1) THE SHAPE OF "LECHEM HA'PANIM"
(a) Question (against R. Yochanan - Beraisa #1): There was a
mold (Tosfos - perforated) like a basket in the oven, it
was like a square plate.
2) "LECHEM HA'PANIM" IN THE "MIDBAR"
(b) Answer: The top was square (the dough was inserted from
above, but it rested on the bottom, which was shaped like
(c) Support (for R. Yochanan - Beraisa #2): There were four
golden Snifin Mefutzalim (Rashi - with many branches;
Tosfos - with holes, in which are inserted poles) to
support the bread, which was shaped like a ship. (This is
not a refutation of R. Chanina, for R. Yosi (96B) says
that the rim around the Shulchan sufficed to support the
bread, surely he holds like R. Chanina! Further, Beraisa
#1 and our Mishnah are probably like R. Chanina - the
answers given for R. Yochanan were weak, now that we can
say that R. Yochanan holds like Beraisa #2, we do not
rely on those answers.)
(a) Question: Would Lechem ha'Panim become Pasul when the
(b) Answer #1: R. Yochanan and R. Yehoshua ben Levi argue
about this, one says yes, the other says no.
1. The first opinion learns from "Ka'asher Yachanu Ken
Yisa'u" - just like at the time of Chaniyah (when
Yisrael were encamped), Lechem ha'Panim is Nifsal
through Yotzei (leaving Chatzer ha'Mishkan), also
when they traveled;
(c) Question: How does the latter opinion expound "Ka'asher
Yachanu Ken Yisa'u"?
2. The latter opinion learns from "V'Lechem ha'Tamid
Alav Yihyeh" (it always keeps its Kedushah,)
(d) Answer: He expounds just the contrary! Just like when
Yisrael were encamped, Lechem ha'Panim was not Nifsal as
long as it remained in its place, also when they traveled
(as long as it remained in its place, i.e. on the
(e) Objection: How will the first opinion expound "V'Lechem
ha'Tamid Alav Yihyeh"?
(f) Answer #2 (Rav Dimi): All agree that if the bread
remained on the Shulchan, it is not Nifsal;
1. They argue about when it was removed - the first
opinion learns from "Ka'asher Yachanu..." - just
like at the time of Chaniyah, Lechem ha'Panim is
Nifsal through Yotzei, also when they traveled;
(g) Question: How does the latter opinion expound "Ka'asher
2. The latter opinion learns from "V'Nosa Ohel Mo'ed" -
even when it is travelling, it is called Ohel Mo'ed.
(h) Answer: Just like at the time of Chaniyah, Lechem
ha'Panim is Kosher as long as it is not Yotzei, also when
(i) Question: How does the first opinion expound "V'Nosa Ohel
(j) Answer: It teaches about the order of travelling (the
Mishkan is after Degel Reuven and before Degel Efrayim.)
1. The latter opinion learns this from "Machaneh
ha'Leviyim b'Soch ha'Machanos".
(k) Question (Beraisa #1): When the Machanos traveled,
Kodshim became Pesulim, Zavim were expelled from the
boundaries of Shevet Levi, and Metzora'im were expelled
from Machane Yisrael.
1. Suggestion: Even Lechem ha'Panim becomes Pasul!
(l) Answer: No, Kodshim other than Lechem ha'Panim are
(m) Question: Either way you say, this is difficult!
1. If it is called Ohel Mo'ed even when travelling,
also Kodshim should not be Nifsalim;
(n) Answer #3 (Ravin): R. Yochanan and R. Yehoshua ben Levi
do not argue - one teaches that Lechem ha'Panim is Kosher
as long as it remains on the Shulchan, the other teaches
that it is Nifsal (at the time of travelling) if it is
2. If it is not called Ohel Mo'ed when travelling, also
Lechem ha'Panim should be Nifsal!
(o) Inference (Abaye): We learn from this that the Machanos
would sometimes travel at night;
1. Version #1 (Rashi): If they would never travel at
night (i.e. they would only begin travelling at the
beginning of the morning), the Kodshim would be
Pasul on account of Linah (even if it was not
(p) Objection: This is obvious - it says "Laleches Yomam
2. Version #2 (Tosfos): (One opinion taught that Lechem
ha'Panim that was removed from the Shulchan is
Nifsal at the time of travelling. Surely, they never
traveled on Shabbos, on account of Hotza'ah and
Mechamer.) If they would never travel at night (in
particular, Motzei Shabbos), the earliest time to
travel (after removing Lechem ha'Panim on Shabbos)
would be the following morning, the Lechem would be
Pasul on account of Linah!
(q) Answer: One might have thought, this is only if they
started travelling during the day, but they do not start
at night - Abaye teaches, this is not so
(r) Contradiction (to Beraisa #1) (Beraisa #2): When the
Paroches was rolled up, Zavim and Metzora'im are
permitted (in Machaneh Levi).
(s) Answer (Rav Ashi): Beraisa #2 is like R. Eliezer, Beraisa
#1 is like Chachamim (who argue with him):
3) WHERE THE "SHTEI HA'LECHEM" AND "LECHEM HA'PANIM" ARE MADE
1. (Beraisa - R. Eliezer) Suggestion: Perhaps if a Zav
or Metzora entered the Azarah when Korban Pesach is
being brought b'Tum'ah (because most of Yisrael, the
Kohanim or Klei Shares are Teme'im), he is liable!
2. Rejection: "Vi'Shalchu Min ha'Machaneh Kol Tzaru'a
v'Chol Zav v'Chol Tamei la'Nefesh" - a Zav or
Metzora is forbidden (with Kares) to enter the
Azarah only when a Tamei Mes is forbidden.
(a) (Mishnah): The places Kosher to make Lechem ha'Panim and
Shtei ha'Lechem are the same:
1. The kneading and Arichah (arranging the dough into
loaves) are done outside (the Azarah), they are
baked inside; they are not Docheh Shabbos;
(b) Version #1 (Gemara) Question: It says that the kneading
and Arichah are done outside - this implies that the dry
measures were not Mekudashos (for otherwise, they would
Mekadesh the Soles, it would be disgraceful to take it
out of the Azarah - Tosfos; Rashi - it would become Pasul
if it left);
2. R. Yehudah says, all of these are done inside;
3. R. Shimon says, accustom yourself to say that Shtei
ha'Lechem and Lechem ha'Panim are Kesherim in the
Azarah or (even outside the Azarah,) in Beis Pagi
1. Then it says that they are baked inside - this
implies that the dry measures were Mekudashos!
(c) Objection: This is not difficult - perhaps the Isaron was
not Mekudash, but the oven was!
2. Rabah: This question was asked by a great Chacham,
(d) Version #2 - Question: It says that they are baked inside
- this implies that the oven was Mekudash;
1. It also says that they are not Docheh Shabbos - if
so, they must be baked on Erev Shabbos, they should
be Nifsalim through Linah!
(e) Question (Rav Ashi): This is not difficult - perhaps
'inside' does not mean 'in the Azarah', rather, in a
place of zealous people (i.e. Kohanim - they will bake it
quickly (Rashi; R. Gershom - oversee the baking) and not
allow it to become Chametz. Nimukei ha'Griv - regarding
Shtei ha'Lechem, which must be Chametz, they will be
zealous to prepare it properly.)
2. Rabah: This question was asked by a great Chacham,
(f) Rejection: This is wrong!
1. If we require Kohanim for baking, we should also
require them for kneading and Arichah (but the
Mishnah permits this outside, i.e. Zarim may do
(g) (Mishnah - R. Yehudah): All of these are done inside.
2. If we do not require Kohanim for kneading or
Arichah, we should not require them for baking!
3. (Tosfos - perforce, we must say that different
Tana'im taught these clauses of the Mishnah.) (end
of Version #2)
(h) (R. Avahu bar Kahana): R. Yehudah and R. Shimon both
expound the same verse - "V'Hu Derech Chol Af Ki ha'Yom
1. R. Yehudah says, David found Kohanim (in Nov) baking
Lechem ha'Panim on Erev Shabbos, and corrected them:
(i) Rejection: We cannot say that he found them baking - it
says "Va'Yiten Lo ha'Kohen Kodesh Ki Lo Hayah Sham Lechem
Ki Im Lechem ha'Panim ha'Musarim mi'Lifnei Hash-m"!
(Lechem ha'Panim was removed from the Shulchan, at that
very time the new Lechem (which was already baked) was
put in its place.)
i. Do you bake on a Chol day, even though it will
become Mekudash in a Kli (the oven)?! It will
become Nifsal through Linah!
2. R. Shimon says, he found them baking it on Shabbos,
and corrected them:
i. You should bake on a Chol day (Erev Shabbos) -
do you think that the oven would Mekadesh it,
and it would be Nifsal through Linah?! The oven
is not Mekadesh, only the Shulchan!
(j) Question: How do we explain "V'Hu Derech Chol.."?
(k) Answer: They had told David that the only bread they have
is the Lechem ha'Panim which was removed from the
1. He responded, (in my condition) not only that is
permitted to me, Me'ilah no longer applies to it
(since it is permitted to Kohanim), it is like
Chulin - rather, you can even give me the new bread,
which becomes Mekudash today (and Me'ilah applies to
it), for I am dangerously sick (he had not eaten for
2. The argument of R. Yehudah and R. Shimon is based on
what they received from their Rebbi'im.
i. Support (Mishnah - R. Shimon): Accustom
yourself to say that Shtei ha'Lechem and Lechem
ha'Panim are Kesherim in the Azarah or in Beis
Pagi. (Their argument is not based on verses,
each merely says the law that he himself