POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Menachos 110
MENACHOS 109-110 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs.
Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the fourth Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the
merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study during the week of his
Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.
1) THE "MIZBE'ACH" IN ALEXANDRIA
(a) Question (Mar Kashisha brei d'Rav Chisda): How does R.
Meir expound R. Yehudah's verse?
2) TORAH IS IN PLACE OF "KORBANOS"
(b) Answer (Abaye - Beraisa): (Sancheriv came with a massive
army to destroy Yerushalayim, he invited princes to
witness his victory; Hash-m killed (virtually) the entire
camp overnight.) Chizkiyah went outside and found princes
in gold carriages; he made them vow never to serve
idolatry - "Ba'Yom ha'Hu Yihyu Chamesh Arim b'Eretz
Mitzrayim Medabros Sefas Kana'an v'Nishba'os la'Sh-m
1. They went to Alexandria, built a Mizbe'ach and
offered on it to Hash-m - "Ba'Yom ha'Hu Yihyeh
Mizbe'ach la'Sh-m b'Soch Eretz Mitzrayim..."
(c) Question: What does it mean "Ir ha'Heres Ye'amer l'Echas"
(the end of the former verse?)
(d) Answer (Rav Yosef): One of the cities, 'Beis Shemesh',
will be destroyed.
(e) Question: How do we know that "Ir ha'Heres" means (city
of) the sun?
(f) Answer: "Ha'Omer la'Cheres v'Lo Yizrach" ("Heres" is like
"Cheres", 'Hei' and 'Ches' are interchangeable.)
(g) (Rav Huna): "Havi'u Vanai me'Rachok" - this refers to
Yisraelim exiled to Bavel, their mind is settled, like
(h) "U'Vnosai mi'Ktzei ha'Aretz" refers to those exiled to
other lands, their mind is unsettled, like daughters (Ben
Yehoyada - a young girl has many worries, if her father
will be able to give a proper dowry, if she will find a
husband, if she will bear children...young men (before
they need to feed families) have less distractions.)
(i) (R. Aba bar Rav Yitzchak): (At longitudes) between the
cities of Tzur (Tyre?) and Kartigni (Carthage?), people
recognize Yisrael (Tosfos Gitin 8A (Rebbi); Rashi - the
former honor of Yisrael, they do not impose on them a
harsh yoke) and Hash-m (Rashi - and do not believe in
1. West of Tzur and east of Kartigni, people do not
recognize Yisrael nor Hash-m.
(j) Question (R. Simi bar Chiya): "Mi'Mizrach Shemesh v'Ad
Mevo'o Gadol Shmi ba'Goyim" (everywhere people know
(k) Rav: Are you really Simi (a great Chacham, yet you ask a
1. (West of Tzur and east of Kartigni) they call Hash-m
the G-d of gods. (Drashos ha'Ran (9) - they think
that other powers emanated from him. Maharsha - they
do not recognize that He runs the world, they think
that He gave power and authority to others to do
(a) Question: (The verse continues) "*Uv'Chol Makom* Muktar
Mugash Lishmi" - do people Maktir and Megish (bring
Korbanos close) to Hash-m everywhere?!
(b) Answer (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): It refers to Chachamim,
who engage in Torah everywhere, it is considered as if
they are Maktir and Megish.
(c) "U'Minchah Tehorah" - this is one who learns Torah in
Taharah, i.e. after getting married (he is not distracted
(d) Question: What does it mean "Avdei Hash-m ha'Omdim b'Veis
Hash-m *ba'Laylos*" (Avodah is primarily during the
(e) Answer (R. Yochanan): Chachamim engage in Torah at night,
it is considered as if they engage in Avodah.
(f) (Rav): "L'Olam Zos Al Yisrael" - this refers to Micha'el,
the great angel, offering Korbanos on the Mizbe'ach (in
the Mikdash in Shamayim);
(g) (R. Yochanan): It refers to Chachamim, who engage in laws
of Avodah, it is considered as if the Mikdash was built
in their days.
(h) Question (Reish Lakish): What do we learn from "Zos
ha'Torah la'Olah la'Minchah vela'Chatas vela'Asham"?
(i) Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): One who engages in Torah, it is
considered as if he offered Olah, Minchah, Chatas and
(j) Objection (Rava): If so, it should say '*Ve*la'Minchah'!
(k) Answer #2 (Rava): Rather, one who learns Torah does not
need Olah, Minchah, Chatas and Asham (for Torah will
protect him from sinning.)
(l) (R. Yitzchak): We learn from "Zos Toras ha'Chatas" and
"Zos Toras ha'Asham" - one who engages in the laws of
Chatas (or Asham), it is as if he offered that Korban.
(m) (Mishnah): It says "Ishe Re'ach Nicho'ach" regarding Olas
Behemah, and Olas ha'Of, and Minchah - this teaches that
it does not matter whether one does (offers) much or
little (Tzon Kodoshim - even if he could afford a bigger
Korban), as long as he intends l'Shem Shamayim.
(n) (Gemara - R. Zeira): We learn from "Mesukah Shenas
ha'Oved Im Me'at v'Im Harbe Yochal" (whether he works
much or a little, there is reward.)
(o) (Rav Ada bar Ahavah): We learn from "Bi'Rvos ha'Tovah
Rabu Ochleha u'Mah Kisharon li'V'aleha (Ki Im Re'os
Einav" - Kohanim get more to eat from a bigger Korban,
but Hash-m cares only about the intent of the one who
(p) (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Azai): In the Parshah of
Korbanos, it never says 'Kel' or 'Elokim', only 'Hash-m',
so that polytheists will have no claim (Rashi - to say
that different gods commanded to bring different
Korbanos. Maharsha - 'Kel' and 'Elokim' sometimes refer
(q) It says "Ishe Re'ach Nicho'ach" regarding a bull, the
biggest Korban, and regarding birds, small Korbanos, and
regarding Minchah- this teaches that it does not matter
whether one does much or little, as long as he intends
(r) Suggestion: Perhaps Hash-m needs to eat our Korbanos!
(s) Rejection: "Im Er'av Lo Omar Lach Ki Li Sevel u'Mlo'ah",
"Ki Li Chol Chayso Ya'ar Behemos b'Harerei Elef. Yadati
Kol Of Harim v'Ziz Sadai Imadi. Ha'Ochal Besar Abirim
v'Dam Atudim Eshteh";
1. I did not command you to bring Korbanos for my
desires, (and you will intend) in order that I will
do your will in return;
2. Rather, you offer for your benefit - "LiRtzonchem
Tizbachuhu" (it atones for you);
3. Alternatively - "Li'Rtzonchem Tizbachuhu", be aware
of what you offer;
i. Question (Shmuel): What is the source that
Misasek (one who did not intend for the action
he did) is Pasul in Kodshim?
ii. Answer #1 (Rav Huna): "V'Shachat Es Ben
ha'Bakar" - the slaughter must be l'Shem an ox
iii. Shmuel: I knew that l'Chatchilah, it must be
l'Shem the Korban - I asked, what is the source
that this is Me'akev!
iv. Answer #2 (Rav Huna): "Li'Rtzonchem Tizbachuhu"
- this is another source to require intent,
therefore it is Me'akev.
On to Chulin