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Moed Katan 13

MOED KATAN 13 - sponsored by Yeshayahu (Jason) Schmidt (originally of West Hempstead, N.Y.), a talmid of Rabbi Kornfeld.

1) [line 1] TZARAM - one who cut and mutilated
2) [line 4] MAFKA LEI MI'MITZVOS - he takes away his possibility to keep the Mitzvos
3) [line 7] SHE'NISKAVTZAH - that was cleared of scattered detached thorns

4) [line 7] SHEVI'IS
(a) The Torah requires that farmers desist from working the land every seventh year, as described in Vayikra 25:1-7. The fruits that grow during the seventh (Shevi'is) year are holy to the extent that 1. they must be considered ownerless; anyone may come into any field and pick the fruit that he intends to eat. 2. The fruits may not be bought and sold in a normal fashion (see Insights to Sukah 39:2). 3. The Torah requires that the fruits of Shevi'is be used only for eating or drinking (in the normal manner of eating for that type of fruit) or for burning to provide light (in the case of oil). They may not be wasted or used for medicinal purposes or animal fodder, etc.
(b) The Shemitah year is meant to teach the Jewish people to rely on HaSh-m for their sustenance, a fact that is not always clear to them during the six years in which they work their own fields.

5) [line 8] NITAIVAH - (a) was fertilized by scattering gathered manure (RASHI); (b) was plowed a second time (TOSFOS, RABBEINU CHANANEL, based on the YERUSHALMI)

6) [line 8] NIDAIRAH - was fertilized by leaving cattle in the field for an extended period of time

7) [line 13] NAKTINAN - we have a tradition
8) [line 27] UMANIYOS - skills, handicrafts, trades
9) [line 28] CHAYATIN - tailors
10) [line 28] SAPARIN - barbers
11) [line 29] KOVSIN - clothes washers
12) [line 35] HA'GOHEH - that is leaning
13) [line 36] LAVLAR - a scribe
14) [line 36] KIDUSHEI NASHIM - documents that are used to effect Kidushin; i.e. documents that contain the words "Harei At Mekudshes Li" (Rashi 18b)

15) [line 37] SHOVRIN - receipts
16) [line 40] EIN MEFANIN - it is forbidden to clear away and remove [utensils and produce for use after the Moed]

17) [line 40] MI'BAYIS L'VAYIS - from one house to another house [in a different courtyard

18) [line 40] L'CHATZEIRO - to a different house in the same courtyard
19) [line 43] BADIK LAN RAVA - Rava tested us


20) [line 2] KAD - jug, pitcher
21) [line 2] KADAR - a potter
22) [line 2] ZAGAG - a glazier
23) [line 3] TZABA - a dyer
24) [line 10] MECHAVARTA KED'SHANYAN ME'IKARA - it is clear that the original answer is correct

25) [line 11] MECHAPIN - it is permissible to cover
26) [line 11] KETZI'OS - figs that are laid out to dry in the field
27) [line 11] KASH - straw
28) [line 12] ME'AVIN - (a) to cover completely, with no spaces between the stalks of straw; (b) to cover with a thick layer of straw

29) [line 14] TZAYADIN - hunters, bird catchers, and fishermen (RAN)
30) [line 14] DASHOSHOS - people who pound wheat into cereal; groats-makers
31) [line 14] GAROSOS - grist-makers; people who grind beans
32a) [line 18] AKLUSHEI - to cover incompletely, with spaces between the stalks of straw
b) [line 19] ASMUCHEI - to cover completely, with no spaces between the stalks of straw
33) [line 20] KRI - heap
34) [line 24] TAGAREI - merchants
35) [line 27] CHILKA - wheat kernels that are split in two in a mortar
36) [line 27] TARGIS - wheat that is split in three
37) [line 27] TISNEI - wheat that is split in four (see Berachos 37a and Background to Berachos 37:3d, where this is called "Zariz")

38) [line 30] KUNTA - spelt

39) [line 32] ISKASHUR - They became able to receive Tum'ah when they became wet (HECHSHER OCHLIN)
Foods may become Tamei if they touch a source of Tum'ah only if they were wetted at some point in their history. Making foods wet in a manner that enables them to become Tamei is called "Hechsher." From then on, even after they dry, they can become Tamei. Wetting food with either of seven liquids, water, dew, oil, wine, milk, blood, and honey, can enable the food to become Tamei.

40) [line 34] CHILKAIHU - their husks
41) [line 35] POL HA'MITZRI - (a) (O.F. feisol) the haricot bean (RASHI Rosh Hashanah 13b); (b) the Egyptian bean (colocasia)

42) [line 35] OREZ - (a) (O.F. mil) millet (RASHI Berachos 37a); (b) rice (TOSFOS ibid.)

43) [line 37] KROFYASA - spice dealers
44) [line 39] STAV - stoa, an ancient Greek portico; i.e. a raised stone platform in front of the stores that was used as a bench upon which to sit or to place objects

45) [line 40] EREV YOM TOV ACHARON SHEL CHAG - the day before Shemini Atzeres
46) [line 40] ME'ATER - wreath, adorn


47) [line 44] MEGALCHIN - cut their hair
48) [line 44] MEDINAS HA'YAM - (lit. a land overseas) a distant place
49) [line 44] BEIS HA'SHIVYAH - a prison for captives; captivity
50) [line 44] BEIS HA'ASURIN - a prison for criminals
51) [line 45] MENUDAH - a person who has been excommunicated
52) [line 45] MI SHE'NISH'AL L'CHACHAM V'HUTAR - a person who asked a Chacham to have his vow (not to shave) absolved, and was freed from the vow on Chol ha'Mo'ed. When a person makes a Neder or Nezirus, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three people (who are not authorities on vows) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an authority on vows.) The general method used is to show the Noder (the one who made the Neder) that had he been aware of a particular fact, he would not have made the Neder in the first place.

53) [line 46] NAZIR
(a) If a person makes a vow to become a Nazir without stipulating a time period, his Nezirus lasts for a period of thirty days. During this period, the Nazir is not allowed to 1. cut his hair; 2. become Tamei by touching or being in the same room as a corpse; or 3. consume any products of the grapevine.
(b) When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram as a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of Soles (fine flour) which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos (unleavened loaves) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos). He then *shaves his hair* and burns it under the pot in which the Shelamim is cooked (Bamidbar 6:18).

(a) On the day that a Metzora is healed from his Tzara'as, he takes two kosher birds (Tziporei Metzora), a piece of cedar, some crimson wool and a hyssop branch. One of the birds is slaughtered over fresh spring water in a clay bowl. A Kohen dips the other bird, along with the other articles, into the spring water that is mixed with the blood and sprinkles it seven times on the Metzora. The living bird is sent away towards the fields. Both birds are Asur b'Hana'ah, but the Isur is removed from the living bird after it is sent off to the fields.
(b) The Metzora next washes his clothes, shaves all places on his body that have a collection of hair and that are exposed, and immerses in a Mikvah. He is now considered Tahor to the extent that he may enter a settlement, but marital relations are forbidden (Mo'ed Katan 7b). He waits seven days, and on the seventh day he once more washes his clothes, shaves and immerses. He is now completely Tahor but is still a Mechusar Kaparah (see Background to Pesachim 90:11). Either the time that he shaves on the seventh day (BARTENURA) or the two times that he shaves (RAMBAM) are permitted on Chol ha'Mo'ed. For a description of the order of the Korbanos of the Metzora, see Background to Megilah 8:11:c-e.

55) [line 46] MECHABSIN - wash their clothes

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