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Moed Katan 19

MOED KATAN 19, 20 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.

1a) [line 1] TOVEH - spins; twists strands of fiber into thread
b) [line 1] AL YEREICHO - on his thigh; he places the strands of fiber on his thigh and rolls them back and forth with his hand until they become spun into thread (BARTENURA)

2) [line 3] TECHELES - greenish blue wool used for Tzitzis, the dye of which is obtained from the Chilazon, the underwater snail murex trunculus

3) [line 3] B'TOVAH - as a favor; without payment
4) [line 4] MA'ARIM - he uses a deceptive act to accomplish something that is usually prohibited

5) [line 6] KEDEI PARNASASO - this does not mean that he has no money for basic necessities without the wages from the writing and selling (if that were the case, all Melachah would be permitted -- ROSH). Rather, he writes and sells normally so that he has enough money to purchase meat and wine in order to enjoy the festival. This does not apply to a very wealthy man (NIMUKEI YOSEF)

6) [line 6] ORI - ruled
7) [line 10] EVEN - a stone tied on to the end of the strand of thread that is being spun, in order to keep it taut so that it will be spun well
8) [line 12] PELACH - spindle

(a) The seven relatives for which one is obligated to mourn are one's father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and wife. When any of these relatives die, one is obligated to bury the dead and observe the laws of Aninus (until the burial) and Aveilus (after the burial). For a discussion of the laws of Aninus, see Background to Moed Katan 14:22.
(b) There are some laws of Aveilus that apply for seven days, some that apply for thirty days and others that apply for twelve months. 1. The laws that apply for seven days are refraining from bathing and washing clothes. 2. The laws that apply for thirty days are refraining from taking a haircut and from ironing clothes. 3. The laws that apply for twelve months (after the death of a parent) are refraining from buying new clothes and from attending weddings and other Semachos.

10a) [line 19] OLAH - counts as one of the days of mourning
b) [line 20] MAFSEKES - terminates Aveilus
11) [line 21] ATZERES - Shavuos. When the Beis ha'Mikdash was built every Jewish male was required to bring a Korban Re'iyah on the three festivals. If the Korban was not brought on the first day of the festival, it could be brought on any of the other days of the festival. On Shavu'os it could be brought on Shavu'os or on the six days following the festival. As such, Shavu'os had the same status as the festivals of Pesach and Sukos with regard to stopping Aveilus. Rebbi Eliezer rules that in the present day, since there are no Korbanos, Shavu'os has the status of Shabbos, unable to terminate the Aveilus and counting as one day of the seven days of mourning.

13a) [line 25] GEZERAS BATLU - the prohibition of [Shloshim] is annulled
b) [line 26] YAMIM LO BATLU - the days [of Sheloshim] themselves are not annulled; i.e. they must be made up after the festival


14) [line 24] NAZIR
(a) If a person makes a vow to become a Nazir without stipulating a time period, his Nezirus lasts for a period of thirty days, as our Gemara shows from the verses. During this period, the Nazir is not allowed to 1. cut his hair; 2. become Tamei by touching or being in the same room as a corpse; or 3. consume any products of the grapevine.
(b) When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram as a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of Soles (fine flour) which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos (unleavened loaves) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos). He then shaves his hair and burns it under the pot in which the Shelamim is cooked (Bamidbar 6:18).

15) [line 24] "...ROSHEICHEM AL TIFRA'U..." - "[And Moshe said to Aharon, and to Elazar and to Isamar, his sons,] 'Do not let [the hair on] your heads grow long, [nor tear your clothes; lest you die, and lest anger come upon all the people; but let your brothers, the whole house of Yisrael, mourn the burning that the Lord has kindled.]" (Vayikra 10:6)

16) [line 25] "GADEL PERA SE'AR ROSHO..." - "All the days of the vow of his Nezirus no razor shall come upon his head; until the days are fulfilled, during which he separates himself for HaSh-m, he shall be holy, and shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow." (Bamidbar 6:5)

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