REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Moed Katan 9
The Beraisa which permits marrying on *Erev* Yom-Tov present all four
opinions with a Kashya, seeing as the seven days of Sheva B'rachos
inevitably go into Yom-Tov. We answer according to Rav, Shmuel (Simchah) and
Ula (Tircha) respectively, that both the main Simchah and the main Tircha of
a wedding are confined to the first day.
How do we answer the Kashya
according to Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha (who is concerned about Bitul Piryah
(a) How do we learn 'Ein Me'arvin Simchah be'Simchah' from the fourteen days
inauguration of the Beis Hamikdash of Shlomoh ha'Melech?
How do we finally prove that, under no circumstances, may one combine two
sets of S'machos?
(b) On what grounds do we reject this proof?
(c) If we accept this contention, asks the Gemara, then Shlomoh should have
delayed the completion of the Beis Hamikdash a little.
On what grounds do
we reject that objection?
(d) Why could he not just leave over the 'Kalya Orev' (a minor addition to
the Beis Hamikdash) until Sukos and combine them? What is the Kalya Orev?
(a) The year that the Beis Hamikdash was completed, they did something that
they would not have dreamt of doing any other year.
What was it?
(b) How did Hashem respond to their worry that perhaps they had performed a
(c) Shlomoh learned this concession from a three-point 'Kal va'Chomer' from
the Mishkan, where they broke Shabbos at its inauguration.
What are the
(d) If it is a 'Kal va'Chomer', then why did they worry that maybe they had
done the wrong thing by eating on Yom Kipur? On what grounds then, *were*
they permitted to eat?
(a) We learn that they broke Shabbos by the inauguration of the Mishkan from
the Pesukim in Naso "u've'Yom Ashtei-Asar Yom" and "u've'Yom Shteim-Asar
How do we learn that they broke Shabbos from one of those phrases?
(b) Why do we need *two* Pesukim to teach us that?
(c) And from where do we know that they broke Yom Kipur by the inauguration
of the Beis Hamikdash? How do we know that the fourteen does not refer
exclusively to days on which one is permitted to eat, but not to Yom Kipur?
(d) We learn that Hashem forgave them, from the Pasuk in Melachim 1 "ba'Yom
ha'Shemini Shalach es ha'Am ... ".
What do we learn from ...
- ... "le'Oholeihem"?
- ... "S'meichim"?
- ... "ve'Tovei Leiv"?
- ... "al Kol ha'Tovah"?
(a) The above Pasuk concludes "le'David Avdo u'le'Yisrael Amo".
Answers to questions
What do we
learn from ...
(b) Rebbi Yonasan ben Asmai and Rebbi Yehudah ben Geirim went to take leave
of their Rebbe Rebbi Shimon, in the morning, and came and took leave of him
again in the afternoon.
- ... "u'le'Yisrael Amo"?
- ... "le'David Avdo"?
How did they explain this to their astonished
(c) From whom did Rebbi Shimon learn this?
(a) Rebbi Shimon sent Rebbi Elazar his son to his Talmidim for a Berachah.
(b) How did they reconcile the two Pesukim in Mishlei ...
1. ... one which says that one should weigh up the Mitzvos and perform the
larger ones; the other, that one should not weigh up Mitzvos, but perform
whatever Mitzvah comes one's way, be it small or large?
(c) They conferred upon him a strange-sounding string of blessings. What
did they mean when they said ...
2. ... one which says about Torah "ve'Chol *Cheftzecha* Lo Yishvu Bah (from
which one can infer that Cheftzei Shamayim - Mitzvos - are equal to the
Torah and that one should therefore stop learning in order to fulfill them;
the other "Kol *Chafeitzim* Lo Yishvu Bah" (even Cheftzei Shamayim)?
- ... 'You should ... sow and not reap'?
- ... ' ... bring in and not bring out'?
- ... ' ... bring out and not bring in'?
- ... 'Your house should be destroyed and your inn settled'?
- ... 'Your table should be confused'?
- ... 'You should not see a new year'?
(a) In similar vein, when Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta took leave of Rav, he
blessed Rav's son.
What did he mean when he said 'Don't embarrass and
don't be embarrassed?
(b) What did Rav reply when his son complained about the insignificance of
(c) Our Mishnah permits a woman to adorn herself. The Beraisa explains that
this refers to three things: 'Kocheles, Pokeses u'Ma'avirah S'rak al
What is the meaning of ...
(d) What else might 'Ma'avirah S'rak al Panehah' mean?
- ... 'Kocheles'?
- ... 'Pokeses'?
- ... 'Ma'avirah S'rak al Panehah'?
(a) What did Rav Chisda say to Rav Huna bar Chinena, who maintained that
only a *young* woman is permitted to adorn herself on Chol ha'Mo'ed, but not
an old one?
(b) What does 'Bas Shitin ke'Bas Shis le'Kol Tivla Rihata' mean?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah forbids a woman to place lime on her face on Chol
ha'Mo'ed, because she currently looks ugly.
What is the dual purpose of
(d) How does Rebbi Yehudah himself qualify his statement? In which case does
he permit it?
(a) In a Mishnah in Avodah-Zarah, Rebbi Yehudah permits claiming one's debts
from a gentile on the day of his festival, because it causes him to feel
What do the Chachamim say?
(b) Seeing as Rebbi Yehudah there does not take into consideration the fact
that the gentile will be happy afterwards, why does he do so in the case of
a woman adorning herself on Chol ha'Mo'ed, according to Rav Nachman bar
(c) Ravina disagrees with this.
What reason does he give to explain Rebbi
Yehudah in the Mishnah in Avodah-Zarah?
(a) The poor would use lime to remove premature hair from their young
daughters, the wealthy, flour.
Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak claimed that his daughter did not need smearing
with oil. Why not?
What did kings used to use, and what is the
precedent for this in T'nach?
(b) Some translate Shemen ha'Mor as 'Sateches'.
What is the second
(c) What other use does it have besides as a hair-remover?
(d) Why did that Nochri accuse Rav Bibi of killing his daughter? What
mistake did he make when he attempted to copy Rav Bibi?
Answers to questions