REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Moed Katan 20
MOED KATAN 19, 20 - anonymously dedicated my an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah
in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
(a) The Beraisa says that if someone is buried at the beginning of Yom-Tov,
he must begin sitting Shiv'ah after Yom-Tov. What is the Din with regard to
(b) We just learned that, according to Rabah, Yom-Tov does not negate the
Din of Sh'loshim (with regard to someone whose Aveilus began only on
- ... work done outside the house on his behalf? Is this permitted?
- ... work done inside the house?
- ... Nichum Aveilim? Will it apply after Yom-Tov?
What does this Beraisa say about that?
(c) Does this also apply to a case where the deceased was buried on Yom-Tov
itself (or is it only if he was buried *before* Yom-Tov)?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, someone who kept the Din of 'K'fi'as
ha'Mitah for three days before Yom-Tov, does not need to continue with it
What do the Chachamim say?
(b) This Machlokes is the equivalent of a Machlokes between Beis Shamai and
Like which of the two does ...
(c) Rava rules like the Tana of our Mishnah, who requires three days before
- ... Rebbi Eliezer hold?
- ... the Chachamim?
What is the final ruling of Ravina?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Amos "ve'Hafachti *Chageichem*
(b) We learn the seven days of Aveilus from "Chageichem" (referring to
On what grounds do we not learn it from the one day of Shavu'os?
(c) Rebbi Akiva makes a distinction between a Sh'mu'ah Kerovah and a
Sh'mu'ah Rechokah. The two main periods of mourning in the case of a
Sh'mu'ah Kerovah comprise seven and thirty days respectively.
What is the
equivalent by a Sh'mu'ah Rechokah?
(d) What do the Rabbanan of Rebbi Akiva say?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan agrees with Shmuel, that when it comes to Aveilus, we
always take the lenient opinion. Consequently, he rules like Rebbi Akiva.
Which other principle of Rebbi Yochanan does Shmuel's principle override?
(b) Various other Amora'im follow Rebbi Yochanan's ruling, even as regards
one's father and mother. How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa, which
confines the one day of a Sh'mu'ah Rechokah to the other five relatives in
the Parshah, but not to one's parents?
(c) Rebbi Achaya even observed the seven and thirty days periods of
mourning, for his *son*. Who is the Yachid who confines the one day
mourning of a Sh'mu'ah Rechokah to the five relatives besides one's parents?
(a) How could Rav, Ayvu's son, have possibly been the son of both Rebbi
Chiya's brother and his sister?
Answers to questions
(b) What did Rav (who had just returned from Bavel) reply when Rebbi Chiya
asked him whether his (Rav's) father was still alive? Why did he say that?
(c) What was Rebbi Chiya's reaction when he repeated this tactic after Rebbi
Chiya asked him whether his mother still lived?
(a) Which two Halachos do we learn from the fact that Rebbi Chiya instructed
his servant to carry his clothes after him to the bathhouse immediately?
(b) Which third Halachah do we learn from Rebbi Chiya?
(a) How many days must a person mourn if he hears of his parents' demise on
the thirtieth day after they died if the thirtieth day falls ...
(b) According to Rebbi Mani, he does not tear K'ri'ah either.
- ... on Yom-Tov?
- ... on Shabbos?
objection does he raise to Rebbi Chanina, who holds that he does?
(c) If someone had no garment on which to tear K'ri'ah when he first heard
the bad news, and only obtained one afterwards, in which case is he
obligated to tear K'ri'ah ...
(d) How will Rebbi Mani, who maintains that, whenever there is no Shiv'ah
there is no K'ri'ah either, explain this latter statement?
- ... in the case of the five relatives?
- ... in the case of one's parents?
(a) The Beraisa includes all seven relatives mentioned in the Parshah of
Kohanim in the obligation to mourn.
What are the seven relatives?
(b) Rebbi Akiva initially adds three specific relatives (mi'de'Rabbanan),
to the list,one male and two female. The male relative is one's maternal
What are the two female ones?
(c) He also adds the Sh'niyim of the relatives forbidden by the Torah. Which
three relatives does this incorporate besides one's father's father?
(d) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar restricts this latter list to two.
(a) The Chachamim in the previous Beraisa say 'Kol she'Misabel Alav, Misabel
What problem do we initially have with their statement?
(b) How do we solve the problem? How do we reconcile the Chachamim's
statement with the Tana Kama (Rebbi Akiva)?
(c) What did Rav say to Chiya his son, and later Rav Huna to Rabah *his*
son, when their respective wives were in mourning?
(d) What did Rav Huna comment to Mar Ukva when he wanted to observe the
Shiv'ah and the Sh'loshim for his brother-in-law (his wife's brother)?
(a) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, besides being obligated to
overturn their beds when their respective fathers-in-law die, what is ...
(b) How do we reconcile this Beraisa with another Beraisa which permits a
wife who is in mourning to pour out wine for her husband, and to make his
bed and wash his face, hands and feet?
- ... a husband not allowed to force his wife to do?
- ... a wife not allowed to do for her husband?
(c) Ameimar's grandson died.
Why did he tear K'ri'ah three times?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "va'Yakam Iyov va'Yikra es
Answers to questions
(b) What problem do we have with that from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "ve'Amad
ve'Amar, Lo Chafatzti Lekachtah"?
(c) How do we resolve this Kashya?