REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Moed Katan 27
MOED KATAN 26 & 27 - dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y. in memory
of his parents, Pinchas ben Reb Avraham Yitzchak, and Leah bas Michal
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, the beds of the Aveilim should be overturned
the moment the Meis leaves the house on the way to be buried.
Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(b) What did the Aveilim remark, when, immediately after the burial of Raban
Gamliel ha'Zakein, Rebbi Yehoshua instructed the Aveilim (his wife and her
family) to overturn their beds?
(c) When ...
(d) What happens with those beds on Motza'ei Shabbos, if there is only one
day of Aveilus left?
- ... does one turn back the beds (and couches) on Erev Shabbos?
- ... are the Aveilim permitted to sit on them?
(a) Does the Din of Kefi'as ha'Mitah incorporate beds and couches that are
designated for ...
(b) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, a Dargesh does not need to be
overturned, only up-ended (because its surface will get dirty and spoiled).
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say?
- ... the Aveil's wife and children to sit on?
- ... beds and couches that are used to hold vessels and not for sitting on?
(c) Rabah rejects Ula's initial interpretation of a Dargesh (a couch that is
meant for good Mazel - but not to sit on) from a Mishnah in Sanhedrin, which
states that a King sits Shiv'ah on a Dargesh.
How does this ostensibly
disprove the initial interpretation?
(d) Rav Ashi counters Rabah's Kashya from the Din of feeding an Aveil.
does that refute Rabah's Kashya?
(a) We then try to refute Ula's contention from the Beraisa's exemption of a
Dargesh from Kefi'as ha'Mitah: 'If a Dargesh is a couch that is meant for
good Mazel, asks the Gemara, then why should it be exempt'?
grounds do we reject this?
(b) We finally refute Ula's interpretation of a Dargesh from Raban Shimon
ben Gamliel, who says that one simply unties the straps, allowing it to
collapse by itself.
How does that prove Ula wrong?
(c) So what *is* a Dargesh?
(d) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah define the (technical) difference between a
Dargesh and a Mitah?
(a) Rav Acha bar Ya'akov rules like Raban Shimon ben Gamliel with regard to
the above Machlokes concerning a Dargesh in the house of an Aveil.
does he say with regard to a two-poster bed in the house of an Aveil? What
is the purpose of a two-poster bed?
(b) An Aveil who slept on a chair, the raised cover of a pit or even on the
floor has not fulfilled his obligation.
(c) It is permitted to sweep, settle the dust and wash the dishes in the
house of an Aveil. One may not however, bring incense (that was customarily
brought in after the meal).
How do we reconcile this with the Beraisa
which permits it?
(d) Does one recite a Berachah over the latter?
(a) According to the Mishnah, one does not bring food to the house of an
Aveil on a board, a dish or a sorting-dish made of woven palm-branches.
what then, does one bring it? What is the reason for this?
(b) On Chol-ha'Moed, does one ...
(c) What does one do immediately after that?
- ... say Birchas Aveilim?
- ... make a Shurah and comfort the mourner?
(d) Why does one not ...
- ... put the bed down on the street (on the way to the burial - on Chol ha'Mo'ed)?
- ... put the bed on which a woman is being buried down in the street (at any time, even if it is not Chol ha'Mo'ed)?
(a) They used to serve wealthy Aveilim drinks, in vessels made of white
glass (crystal) and poor ones in vessels of colored glass.
Answers to questions
Why did they
change this custom?
(b) For the same reason, they instituted that ...
1. ... the faces of all dead bodies should be covered. Whose faces had
they tended to cover before that? Why was that?
(c) In similar vein, what do the clothes of women who died Nidos and men who
died Zavin have in common?
2. ... all dead bodies should be carried out on a stretcher (in Eretz
Yisrael). On what did they previously carry out the dead bodies of the
3. ... incense should be placed underneath *all* dead bodies. What had
been the previous custom?
(d) What used to happen until Raban Gamliel set a precedent with regard to
the shrouds of a dead person? What precedent did he set?
(a) What did Rav Papa mean when he said 'Ein Mo'ed bi'Fnei Talmid-Chacham?
How about Chanukah and Purim?
(b) Rav Papa's principle only applies to a Chacham in his presence.
did Rav Papi reconcile this with the fact that Rav Kahana eulogized Rav
Z'vid from Pum Nahara on Chol ha'Mo'ed (even though it was not in his
(c) 'Hesped' entails banging one's heart. What is ...
(d) Why should someone who performs Kilus wear shoes and not 'sandals'?
- ... Tipu'ach?
- ... Kilus?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan issued three rulings with regard to the conduct of an
What does it signify when the Aveil nods his head?
(b) Who, besides an Aveil, is exempt from rising when the Nasi enters the
(c) In which other Halachah do we make a distinction between an Aveil and a
sick person in the presence of the Nasi on the one hand, and other people on
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav too, issued three rulings in connection with an
What does he learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Lechem Anashim
Lo Sochal"? What did Rabah and Rav Yosef do when they were Aveilim?
(b) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about working in a town where there
is a Meis?
(c) Rav Hamnuna issued a Niduy on the people of Darumta who were working in
spite of the fact that the Shofar had announced that someone had died.
what grounds did he rescind the Niduy?
(a) The third ruling of Rav Yehudah Amar Rav concerned crying too much for
one's deceased relative.
What did he say in this regard?
(b) What happened to that woman with seven children who cried excessively
for one of them that died?
(c) What is the period for ...
(d) Why is it not correct to extend the mourning period beyond the
- ... crying?
- ... eulogizing (mourning)?
- ... ironing and not cutting one's hair?
(a) The Pasuk says in Yirmiyah "Bechu Bacho la'Holech Ki Lo Yashuv Od ...".
What is the meaning of "la'Holech"?
How serious should an Aveil see his situation, according to Rebbi Levi,
(b) What was the Minhag of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi in this regard?
(c) Rav Huna interpreted the above Pasuk in connection with someone who
performs the same sin twice.
What statement did he make in that regard?
Answers to questions
- ... the first three days?
- ... between then and the end of the Shiv'ah?
- ... between after the Shiv'ah and the end of the first year (Tosfos; see also Agados Maharsha)?