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Previous daf Nazir 15
1) [line 10] YOM SHIV'IM OLEH L'CHAN UL'CHAN - the seventieth day counts for
both the seventieth day of his 100-day period of Nezirus and the first day
of the thirty-day period of Nerizus on account of the birth of his son [and
upon completion of the thirty-day period he continues to complete the
100-day period for his son]
2) [line 20] V'CHEN MASNISIN L'RAV, SHEMA MINAH - and as such, the Mishnah
is a refutation of the opinion of Rav
3) [line 23, 24] GEZEIRAS SHIV'AH / GEZEIRAS SHELOSHIM (AVEILUS: SHIV'AH
(a) The seven relatives for whom one is obligated to mourn are one's father,
mother, brother, sister, son, daughter and wife. When any of these relatives
die, one is obligated to bury the dead and observe the laws of Aninus (until
the burial) and Aveilus (after the burial). For a discussion of the laws of
Aninus, see Background to Moed Katan 14:22.
(b) There are some laws of Aveilus that apply for seven days, some which
apply for thirty days and others that apply for twelve months. 1. The laws
that apply for seven days are refraining from bathing and washing clothes.
2. The laws that apply for thirty days are refraining from taking a haircut
and from ironing clothes. 3. The laws that apply for twelve months (after
the death of a parent) are refraining from buying new clothes and from
attending weddings and other Semachos.
4) [line 9] SHOMERES YOM KENEGED YOM
(a) The eleven days that follow the seven days of Nidah are "days of Zivah."
If a woman experiences bleeding during these days for one or two consecutive
days, she becomes a Zavah Ketanah and is Teme'ah.
(b) If she does not experience bleeding the following night and day, she may
immerse in a Mikvah *during the day* to become Tehorah. She may even immerse
on the morning immediately following the day on which she saw blood, but her
Tum'ah and Taharah are contingent upon whether or not she sees blood
afterwards on that day. She is called a Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom, because
she must *watch* the following day to confirm whether or not she sees blood.
(c) If a woman has a show of blood for three consecutive days during her 11
days of Zivah, she becomes a Zavah Gedolah. In order for her to become
Tehorah, she must count seven "clean days" during which she verifies that
she has no other show of blood. On the morning of the seventh clean day she
immerses in a Mikvah. If she does not experience bleeding during the rest of
the day she is Tehorah and no longer a Zavah. A Zavah Gedolah must bring a
Korban Zavah to permit her to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or to eat Kodshim.
The Korban is two Torim (turtledoves) or two Benei Yonah (common doves), one
offered as an Olah and one as a Chatas.
5) [line 11] PESACH SHENI
If the Kohanim, the Klei Shares, or the majority of the Jewish people are
Tamei Mes on the 14th day of Nisan, the Korban Pesach is brought b'Tum'ah.
Otherwise, those who are Tahor bring it b'Taharah on the 14th of Nisan,
while those individuals who are Tamei bring their Korban the following month
on Pesach Sheni (the 14th day of Iyar) and eat it the following evening.
6) [line 12] MIKTZAS HA'YOM K'CHULO
The rule of Miktzas ha'Yom k'Chulo states that part of the last day of a
finite term (e.g. the thirty days of Nezirus or the seven days of mourning),
is considered Halachically as if it were the entire day. For example,
keeping Nezirus at the beginning of the thirtieth day is considered as if it
was kept for the entire day.
7) [line 15] ZAV BA'AL SHTEI RE'IYOS
(a) A Zav, a man who emits Zov two or three times (see Background to
Pesachim 66:16 for a discussion of the Tum'ah of the Zav), whether it is
emitted in one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah.
Zov is a clear discharge with the appearance of the white of a sterile or
spoiled egg, in contrast with semen, which has the consistency of fresh egg
white. Zov can also be a pus-like discharge resembling the liquid from
barley dough or soft barley batter.
(b) A man who emits a discharge that may be Zov is "checked " to determine
whether or not he becomes a Zav. If the discharge came about b'Ones (due to
an external cause), he is Tahor. Some examples of Ones are: 1. eating too
much; 2. drinking too much; 3. jumping; 4. being sick; etc. (see Zavim 2:2).
(c) A Zav must count seven "clean" days in which he sees no Zov in order to
start his purification process, as it states in Vayikra 15:13. On the
seventh day or afterwards, he must immerse in a spring during the day. At
nightfall he becomes Tahor, if he did not emit Zov again beforehand (ibid.).
(d) If a Zav emits Zov only two times, he does not bring a Korban. If he
emitted Zov three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three
consecutive days, he has to bring a Korban after he becomes Tahor in order
to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash and to eat Kodshim and Terumah.
8) [line 18] MISHKAV U'MOSHAV
(a) A Zav (see previous entry), as well as a Zavah, Nidah or Yoledes, can
cause objects that are *under* them to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether they
touch them or not. The objects become Tamei Midras (lit. an object that is
treaded upon), otherwise known as Mishkav or Moshav ha'Zav (or the
*Tachton*, of a Zav). An object (other than Klei Cheres - earthenware
objects) that is under a Zav or a Zavah becomes a Midras only if it was made
for lying, sitting, or leaning upon.
(b) A person who *touches* (Maga) or *carries* (Masa) either a Midras or a
Zav or Zavah themselves gets the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah, and so do the
clothes he is wearing and other utensils (except for earthenware utensils)
that he is touching at the time.
(c) Utensils or clothes that lie above the Zav also get the status of a
Rishon l'Tum'ah, whether he touches them or not. These are called the
*Elyon* of a Zav.
9) [line 22] TEHOM D'ZIVAH HITIRU (TUM'AS HA'TEHOM - a Tum'ah of the depth)
(a) Tum'as ha'Tehom is Tum'ah that was hidden and that no one ever knew
about, such as a corpse that was discovered lying beneath a road. If a Nazir
or a person bringing a Korban Pesach became Tamei through Tum'as ha'Tehom
before offering his Korbenos Nazir or Pesach, he does not need to bring his
Korbanos again. This law is learned from a Halachah l'Moshe mi'Sinai.
(b) According to Rashi (Pesachim 81b DH she'Ein Lo), even if the person
*definitely* became Tamei, his Korban is accepted, as long as he did not
discover his Tum'ah until *after* the Shechitah of his Korban. According to
the Rambam (Hilchos Korban Pesach 6:11), only if the person is *not certain*
that he is Tamei is his Korban offered, but they are offered even if the
corpse was discovered *before* the Shechitah of his Korban. (See Insights to