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Previous daf Nazir 19
1) [line 5] HEFER LAH BA'ALAH (HAFARAS NEDARIM - Annulling vows)
(a) A man has the right to annul certain vows of his wife and his young
daughter, as the Torah states in Bamidbar 30:6, 9, 13-14. He accomplishes
this by stating, on the day that he hears the vow, "Mufar Lach" ("[the vow]
is annulled"). There is an argument among the Tana'im whether the vow must
be annulled before nightfall on the day the husband/father heard it, or
before 24 hours pass from when he heard it (Nedarim 77a); the former is the
(b) A father may annul his daughter's vows while she is young, starting from
the age at which her vows are valid (11 years old) until she becomes a
Bogeres (six months after she becomes a Na'arah by growing two pubic hairs).
If the father marries her off before she becomes a Bogeres, during the
period of Eirusin both the father *and* the husband, or "Arus," must annul
the vows in order for the annulment to be effective. After the consummation
of the marriage through Nisu'in, the husband may annul the vows by himself.
The father no longer has rights over her vows after her marriage, even if
she is divorced before becoming a Bogeres.
(c) Nobody may annul the vows of a woman if she is an unmarried Bogeres, or
if she is an unmarried Na'arah who was *once* married or who has no father.
Instead, her Nedarim must be revoked through *Hataras* Nedarim (see
Background to Nedarim 20:1).
(d) If the father or husband is "Mekayem" the vow even before the day is
over (i.e. he upholds or endorses the vow; this is also referred to as
"Kiyum" or "Hakamah"), by stating "[the vow] is endorsed," he can no longer
be Mefer the vow. His wife or daughter must abide by her vow. (There is a
disagreement among the Poskim as to whether the wife or daughter can remove
the Neder through *Hataras* Nedarim after Hakamah, see Insights to Nedarim
2) [line 8] BA'AL MI'AKAR AKAR - the husband uproots the vow from the
3) [line 9] BA'AL MEIGAZ GAYIZ - the husband cuts off and annuls the Neder
for the future (while leaving the Neder intact until the time of the
4) [line 20] HO'IL V'SHANAH V'CHET - since he sinned a second time
5) [line 27] K'HALEIN MILEI - like these good words (explanations)
6) [line 15] D'NAFAK CHAD U'MASCHILIN TREIN - the first day has passed and
the second day is starting
7) [line 26] HILNI HA'MALKAH - Helene, the queen of Adiabene, a district of
Assyria between the rivers Lycus and Caprus, whose sons Bazutus (also known
as Aziati) and Munbaz secretly converted to Judaism. She and her son Munbaz
lived for a number of years in Yerushalayim. She made a golden lamp that
hung over the opening of the Heichal and a golden tablet upon which was
written the Parshah of Sotah. King Munbaz made golden handles for the
vessels used in the Avodah of Yom ha'Kipurim. After his death, his children
remained in Eretz Yisrael. (TIFERES YISRAEL to Yoma 3:10:58) (According to
Rashi Bava Basra 11a, Queen Helene and Munbaz were descendants of the
8) [last line] ERETZ HA'AMIM, MISHUM GUSHAH GAZRU ALEHA - the Chachamim only
decreed that the *land* of Chutz la'Aretz should be Tamei.
The Rabanan decreed that the lands outside of Eretz Yisrael are to be
considered Tamei because the Nochrim bury their dead fetuses in their
houses. Our Gemara discusses whether they decreed that only the land should
be Tamei or also the airspace above it. The Halachic ramification between
these two opinions is whether or not a Nazir would be permitted to enter
Chutz la'Aretz by being carried in a Shidah (a sedan chair or chest) that is
lifted off the ground.