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Previous daf Nedarim 31
NEDARIM 31 - dedicated anonymously in honor of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, and in
honor of those who study the Dafyomi around the world.
1) [line 2] KUSIM
(a) The King of Ashur brought the people of Kusa to Eretz Yisrael and made
them settle in the Shomron. They converted to Judaism after they found
themselves under attack from lions. The Chachamim disagree as to whether
their conversion was honest and valid (Geirei Emes) or not (Geirei Arayos).
(b) After the times of the Mishnah, the Kusim were found worshipping an
image of a dove and the Chachamim gave them the status of non-Jews.
(According to most Rishonim, this means that they decided to treat them like
non-Jews l'Chumra, even if they were Geirei Emes. According to the Rambam
(Peirush ha'Mishnayos), however, this means that they decided that their
conversion was not sincere and deemed them Nochrim (Geirei Arayos) for all
2) [line 2] SHUM - garlic
3) [line 23] LOKE'ACH B'YOSER U'MOCHER B'FACHOS - he buys from Jews at a
more expensive price and sells to them at a cheaper price
4) [line 27] UMAN - craftsman
5) [line 27] L'VAKRO - to test it out
6) [line 31] B'ZEVINA D'RAMI AL APEI - a difficult item to sell
7) [line 36] ZEVINA CHARIFA - a bargain, something easy to sell
8) [line 1] ZEVINA MITZ'A - an average deal
9) [line 3] TAGAR - a merchant
10) [line 5] TOVAS HANA'AH
(a) The words "Tovas Hana'ah" denote the trivial benefit (in terms of
pleasure or compensation) that a person receives in return for giving away
an object or goods to which he has only very limited rights.
(b) A common example of this is selecting a particular individual to be the
recipient of a gift that he is obligated to bestow to others. For example,
Terumah must be given to a Kohen, and Ma'aser to a Levi. The Tovas Hana'ah
of a Yisrael who separates Terumah or Ma'aser from his produce is the right
to give the Terumah or Ma'aser to the Kohen or Levi of his choice.
(c) Another example is selling an object to which one will not have full
rights until a later date, or to which one may never gain full rights. For
example, a woman only receives a Kesuvah from her husband if the husband
dies before her or divorces her. She may sell her rights to collect the
Kesuvah for Tovas Hana'ah. Since the possibility exists the she will die
before her husband and the purchaser will not receive the Kesuvah, the Tovas
Hana'ah of the Kesuvah is worth much less than the Kesuvah itself.
11) [line 7] NOSEI SACHAR
One of the "Four Watchmen" listed in Bava Metzia, the Nosei Sachar, or
Shomer Sachar, is one who is paid to watch an article. He is liable for
damages in cases of Peshi'ah (negligence) or theft, but is not liable in a
case of Ones (an unavoidable accident).
12) [line 7] SAFSIRA - an agent
13) [line 13] A'BAVA D'VEISEI - at the door of his house
14) [line 21] "TA'ALOZNA" - rejoice
15) [line 23] SHELOSH ESREH BERISOS - the word Bris (covenant) appears 13
times when HaSh-m commands Avraham to perform Bris Milah -- Bereishis
17:2-21, representing a very strong bond between HaSh-m and Benei Yisrael
16) [line 32] KESHE'NISRASHEL - when he was lax