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Nedarim 54


1) [line 1] DELU'IN - gourds
2) [line 7] POL HA'MITZRI - (a) (O.F. feisol) the haricot bean (RASHI Rosh Hashanah 13b); (b) the Egyptian bean (colocasia)

3) [line 11] KOL MILSA D'TZARICH SHELICHA L'AMLUCHEI ALAH, LAV MINEI HU - If someone sends a Shali'ach to purchase an item, sometimes the Shali'ach will return to the sender and tell him, "I only found another, similar item for sale. Shall I purchase that instead?" Of such items, there is a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether or not they are considered the same *type* of item as the original item for which the Shali'ach was sent or not.

4) [line 17] MA'AL (ME'ILAH)
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh, as the Torah states, "Lo Suchal le'Echol b'Sha'arecha...u'Nedarecha Asher Tidor" - "You may not eat in your settlements...and your pledges [to Hekdesh] that you will pledge" (Devarim 12:17) (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1-3). The minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh intentionally, he receives Malkos and must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh unintentionally, the object loses its Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his benefit plus an additional *fifth* (of the ensuing total, or a *quarter* of the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e. it's value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is") does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances (Rosh Hashanah 28a).

5a) [line 16] HA'SHALI'ACH SHE'ASAH SHELICHUSO - a Shali'ach (messenger) who carried out his assignment as he was told; e.g. who bought the exact item he was told to buy
b) [line 17] LO ASAH SHELICHUSO - if he did not carry out his assignment as he was told; e.g. he bought an item different from the one he was told to buy


6) [line 3] SHAPIR AMAR NACHMANI - Abaye; (a) Rava called Abaye "Nachmani" because he grew up in the house of Rabah bar Nachmani (RAN); (b) Rabah bar Nachmani, who raised Abaye as an orphan, gave him the name Nachmani in memory of his own father (RASHI to Gitin 34b); (c) According to the Ga'onim, Abaye's *real* name was Nachmani, but Rabah bar Nachmani, who was his uncle, called him Abaye so as not to utter his father's name, out of respect for his father (Abaye is a corrupted form of the Aramaic word for "my father") (ARUCH, Erech Abaye, also cited by Gilyon ha'Shas in Gitin ibid.)

7) [line 6] KANEH - trachea (windpipe)
8) [line 11] KIRVAYIM - intestines
9) [line 12] V'OCHLEIHEN LAV BAR EINASH - those people who eat them are not respectable people

10) [line 13] OCHLEIHEN K'VASAR L'INYAN ZEVINEI - those people who purchase them when meat is readily available

11) [line 18] HIKIZ DAM - if one performed blood-letting (a universal medical practice until the 1800's)

12a) [line 20] D'MESOCHAR V'ACHAL BISRA D'TZIPARA - a person who eats fowl after blood-letting
b) [line 20] PARACH LIBEI K'TZIPARA - his heart flutters as if his soul flew away from him like a bird

13) [line 21] EIN MEKIZIN, LO AL HA'DAGIM - one may not let blood if he only has fish to eat afterwards

14) [line 23] BESAR MELI'ACH - meat that has been preserved in salt for at least two days

15) [line 24] SHECHALAYIM - (O.F. cresson) a type of cress (RASHI to Eruvin 28a)

16) [line 27] D'CHAIVIN LEI EINEI - when a person's eyes hurt
17) [last line] NUNA SAMA LA'EINAYIM - fish are a cure for eye pain
18) [last line] SOF OCHLA - the end of the illness (when one can already eat fish)

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