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Nedarim 59

1) [line 1] DIGUN - heaping it into a pile, classifying it as "Dagan", which necessitates separating Terumos u'Ma'asros

2a) [line 8] MITSHIL ALAIHU - he can ask a Beis Din to revoke them (the Terumos u'Ma'asros that he separated)

When a person makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah or Kodshim) or Nezirus, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact.

3) [line 12] TERAKEV - [the entire mixture] shall be left to rot

4) [line 15] BAMAH
(a) A Bamah is a raised area used for sacrifices. Before the Beis ha'Mikdash was built (when the Mishkan was not in use), there were times when it was permitted to offer sacrifices on public altars (Bamas Tzibur or Bamah Gedolah) and private altars (Bamas Yachid) (see Insights to Pesachim 91:2).
(b) BAMAS TZIBUR: Only one public altar was in use at any particular time. At various times in our history, the Bamas Tzibur was in Gilgal (where the Mishkan stood before the land was completely conquered, until it was moved to Shiloh), Nov and Giv'on (after the Mishkan in Shiloh was destroyed, see Zevachim 112b). An individual could offer only voluntary sacrifices on a Bamas Tzibur. There is a difference of opinion among the Tana'im as to whether all communal sacrifices could be offered on a Bamas Tzibur or only the communal sacrifices that have a fixed time (Zevachim 117a).
(c) BAMAS YACHID: Any person, even if he was not a Kohen, could build a Bamas Yachid anywhere in Eretz Yisrael and offer upon it his personal sacrifices. Only voluntary sacrifices were allowed to be offered on a Bamas Yachid.

5) [line 25] MAN TZA'IS LACH - who listens to you? (The teaching that you quote in the name of your teacher, Rebbi Yochanan, does not make sense)


*6*) [line 8] V'AD KAN LO SHEMA'AS LEI L'RABAN SHIMON BEN GAMLIEL - (This is Raba's reply to Rav Chisda. He is telling Rav Chisda that even Raban Shimon ben Gamliel does not support Rav Chisda's opinion that the Ikar of the onions does not become Batel to the Gidulim. When Raban Shimon ben Gamliel says there is no Bitul, he is only discussing a situation where the owner of the produce did not *exert himself* in order to cause Gidulim to be Mevatel the Ikar, but the Gidulim grew on their own. When the owner exerts himself to cause Gidulim to be Mevatel the Ikar, e.g. by planting the onions, the Ikar *is* Batel.)

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