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Prepared by P. Feldman
1) A VOW THAT WAS PARTIALLY PERMITTED
(a) (Rava): Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree, if he says, 'Had I known that father was among them, I would have said, 'Ploni and Ploni are forbidden, and father is permitted' - they are all permitted.1. They argue when he says, 'Had I known that father was among them, I would have said, they are all forbidden except for father'.(b) Question (Rav Papa against Rava - Mishnah): In what case did R. Akiva say that a vow that was partially permitted is entirely permitted? 'Konam, none of you may benefit from me' - if he becomes permitted to 1 of them, he is permitted to all of them;i. Beis Shamai hold as R. Meir, that his 1st words are primary;
Next daf3. (Summation of question against Rava): In the 2nd clause, when he retracted he said 'Had I known, I would have said that they are forbidden to this one and to this one ...' - why is this only R. Akiva's opinion?(e) Counter-question: According to Rabah, how can we establish the end of the Mishnah as R. Akiva?i. According to Rava, all agree in this case!1. If he said 'to all of you' - it is inappropriate to speak of permitting the 1st or last!(f) Answer (On behalf of Rabah and Rava): In the beginning of the Mishnah, he said 'To all of you'; in the end of the Mishnah, he made each dependent on the previous - 'They are forbidden to Shimon; Levi is (forbidden) as Shimon; Yehudah is as Levi ...'.1. Support (Beraisa): If the middle one was permitted, the later ones are also permitted; the earlier ones are forbidden.(g) Question (Rav Ada Bar Ahavah, against Rava - Mishnah): 'Onions are forbidden to me, for they harm the heart'; he then heard that onions of Kufri are good for the heart;1. He becomes permitted to eat all onions; such a case occurred, and R. Meir permitted all onions to him.(h) Answer: No - he said, 'Had I known that that onions of Kufri are good for the heart, I would have said 'These onions and these onions are forbidden to me, but Kufri are permitted'.