POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nedarim 40
1) VISITING A SICK PERSON CAN SAVE HIS LIFE
(a) Rav Kahana announced: 'Rav Chelbo is sick - will no one
2) THE REWARD OF VISITING THE SICK
1. A Talmid of R. Akiva once fell sick; Chachamim did
not visit him. R. Akiva visited and commanded to
sweep and clean the premises. The Talmid recovered,
and attributed this to R. Akiva.
(b) (Rav Dimi): One who visits a sick person causes him to
live; one who does not visit him causes him to die.
2. R. Akiva: Anyone that does not visit the sick is as
one that murders.
(c) Question: How does he cause this?
1. Suggestion: One who visits him prays that he should
live; one who does not visit him prays that he
(d) Answer: Rather, one who does not visit him does not pray,
not that he should live, nor that he should die.
2. Rejection: He does not pray for him to die!!!
(e) Rava fell sick. The 1st day, he asked not to publicize
the matter, so his Mazel should not turn bad. Henceforth,
he asked them to announce it.
1. He reasoned: whoever hates me will rejoice - and it
says, "Do not rejoice in the fall of your enemy
(lest Hash-m ... will turn his anger away from
2. Whoever loves me will request mercy for me.
(a) (Rav): Anyone that visits the sick is saved from judgment
in Gehenom - "Happy is the one that supervises Dal; on
the day of evil, Hash-m will save him";
3) WATER OF THE PERAS RIVER
1. "Dal" means a sick person - "From sickness he will
save me"; "Son of the king, why are you sick each
(b) Question: What is the reward for visiting the sick?
2. "Evil" is Gehenom - "All actions of Hash-m are for
his sake; also the wicked one, for the evil day."
(c) Objection: We already said - he is saved from judgment in
(d) Clarification of question: What is the reward in this
(e) Answer: "Hash-m will guard him, and sustain him, give him
happiness in the land, and not give him over to his
1. "Hash-m will guard him" - from the evil inclination;
"and sustain him" - from afflictions;
(f) (Beraisa - R. Shimon Ben Elazar): If youths tell you to
build, and elders tell you to destroy, listen to the
elders, for the (seeming) building of youths is really
destruction, and the (seeming) destruction suggested by
elders is really building.
2. "Give him happiness in the land" - all will take
pride in him;
3. "And not give him over to his enemies" - he will
give him friends as Na'aman's friends, who helped
him to cure his leprosy;
i. He will not give him friends as Rechavam's
friends, who split his kingdom.
1. A sign of this is the counsels given to Rechavam,
son of Shlomo.
(g) (Rav Shisha Brei d'Rav Idi): One should not visit the
sick in the 1st 3 hours of the day, nor in the last 3
hours, so he should not refrain from requesting mercy for
1. In the 1st 3 hours, the patient looks well; in the
last 3 hours, he is so weak that one will despair
and not pray.
(h) (Ravin): Hash-m nourishes a sick person - "Hash-m will
sustain us on the bed of the sick";
1. This verse also teaches that the Divine Presence
rests above the bed of the sick.
2. (Beraisa): One who visits the sick should not sit on
a bed, bench or chair - rather, he should cloak
himself and sit on the floor, for the Divine
Presence rests above the bed of the sick.
(a) (Ravin): A sign of much rain in Eretz Yisrael is an
increased water level of the Peras River.
(b) This argues on Shmuel.
1. (Shmuel): Most of a river's water comes from its
(c) We have a contradiction of teachings of Shmuel!
1. (Shmuel): The only river that one can immerse in as
in a spring (i.e. without enclosing the water) is
the Peras River in autumn.
2. Shmuel's father enclosed water (in the Peras) for
his daughters to immerse in spring; in fall, he just
set up mats (so the mud should not be a blockage, or
(d) (R. Ami): "Make for yourself vessels of exile" - these
are a lamp, a bowl, and a leather mat to eat on.