POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nedarim 55
1) A VOW FROM GRAIN
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): One who vows from Dagan (grain) may
not have dry Egyptian beans; Chachamim say, he is only
forbidden the 5 species (wheat, barley, oats, spelt,
1. R. Meir: One who vows from Tevu'ah (produce) is only
forbidden the 5 species, but one who vows from grain
is forbidden in all; he is permitted fruits and
(b) (Gemara): We infer, Dagan means anything which is NiDGaN
(c) Question (Rav Yosef): "When the matter spread, Bnei
Yisrael brought many tithes - Dagan, wine, oil, and all
produce of the field".
1. If Dagan means anything which is piled - this
includes all produce!
(d) Answer: "All produce" comes to include fruits and
(e) (Mishnah): R. Meir says, one who vows from Tevu'ah ...
(f) (R. Yochanan): Both Tana'im agree, one who vows from
Tevu'ah is only forbidden the 5 grains.
1. Support (Beraisa): They agree, one who vows from
Tevu'ahA is only forbidden the 5 grains.
(g) Question: This is obvious!
(h) Answer: One might have thought, Tevu'ah includes
everything - we hear, this is not so.
(i) Question (Rav Yosef): "When the matter spread, Bnei
Yisrael brought many tithes - Dagan, wine, oil, and all
Tevu'ah of the field" (Dagan includes the 5 grains -
Tevu'ah must include other things)!
(j) Answer (Rava): Tevu'ah is only the 5 grains; "Tevu'ah of
the field" includes other things.
(a) Shmuel's son commanded to give 13,000 Zuz to Rava, from
the Alalta (increase) of Nahar Panya.
1. Question (Rava): What is considered Alalta?
2. Answer (Rav Yosef - Beraisa): They agree, one who
vows from Tevu'ah is only forbidden the 5 grains.
3. Objection (Abaye): This does not answer the
question! Tevu'ah only implies the 5 grains, but
Alalta includes everything!
4. Rava (after hearing the answer): I knew that Alalta
includes all that grows - my question was whether
rental of houses and ships is included.
i. Perhaps, since houses and ships depreciate,
this is not considered increase;
5. Rav Yosef received Rava's clarification of his
question; he was upset. 'If he knows himself, why
did he ask us?'
ii. Or, since the depreciation is not discernable
(in the short run), it is considered increase.
6. Rava came to Rav Yosef on Erev Yom Kipur (to ask
forgiveness); he found Rav Yosef's servant mixing
wine for Rav Yosef. He volunteered to mix the wine
7. Rav Yosef (after tasting the wine; he was blind):
This is how Rava mixes wine!
8. Rava: Yes, it is me.
9. Rav Yosef: Explain the verse - "From a wilderness
(to) Matanah, and from Matanah (to) Nachli'el, and
from Nachli'el (to) Bamos".
10. Rava: When a person makes himself Hefker as a
wilderness to all, Torah is given to him as a
Matanah (gift); when he receives Torah as a gift, it
is as a Nachalah (inheritance) to him; once it is as
an inheritance to him, he rises to a high standing
i. If he raises himself (becomes haughty), Hash-m
lowers him - "And from Bamos to ha'Gai (the low
place)"; further, he will be stuck in the
ground - "v'Nishkafa (overlooks - the word
resembles Iskufa (threshhold, which is trampled
on)) on the face of ha'Yishimon";
ii. If he repents (from his haughtiness), Hash-m
raises him - "Every Gai (low place) will be
3) ONE WHO VOWS FROM FRUITS
(a) (Beraisa): One who vows from Dagan is forbidden even dry
Egyptian beans; wet are permitted;
4) ONE WHO VOWS FROM CLOTHING
1. He is permitted rice, and wheat cut into 2,3, or 4
(b) One who vows from fruits of the year is forbidden all
fruits that grow in the year; he is permitted goats,
sheep, milk, eggs and chicks;
1. If he said 'growth of the year is forbidden to me',
he is forbidden to all of them.
(c) One who vows from fruits of the land is forbidden all
that grows from the land; he is permitted mushrooms;
1. If he said 'what grows from the ground', he is
forbidden to all of them.
(d) Contradiction (Mishnah): The blessing on something which
does not grow from the ground is 'sheha'Kol'; and a
Beraisa teaches, one blesses sheha'Kol on salt, brine,
(e) Answer (Abaye): Mushrooms grow from the ground, but they
nurture from the air, not from the ground.
(f) Question: But the Mishnah says, the blessing on something
which does not grow from the ground is 'sheha'Kol'!
(g) Answer: It means, something that does not nurture from
(a) (Mishnah): One who vows from clothing is permitted
sackcloth, a curtain, and a blanket;
1. If he said 'wool will not come on me', he may cover
himself with tufts of wool;
(b) (Gemara - Beraisa): One who vows from clothing is
permitted sackcloth, curtains and blankets; he is
forbidden a hollow belt, a belt that goes around the
legs, Skortya, a leather overgarment, socks, an apron,
pants, and a hat.
2. If he said 'linen will not come on me', he may cover
himself with tufts of flax;
3. R. Yehudah says, it depends on the one that vowed.
i. If he was carrying (wool and linen) and he was
sweating and stinking, and said, 'Wool and
linen will not come on me' - he may wear them,
but he may not carry them on his back.
(c) Question: What is Iskorti (Skortya)?
(d) Answer (Rabah Bar Bar Chanah): a leather garment.
(e) (Beraisa): One may wear (in a public domain on Shabbos) a
thick garment (like sackcloth), a curtain, or a blanket
because of rain; but one may not go with box or basket or
mattress because of the rain;
1. Shepherds may go in sackcloth;
i. Anyone is allowed; Chachamim spoke in the usual
(f) (Mishnah): R. Yehudah says, it goes according to the one
that vowed ...
(g) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): Everything goes according to the
one that vowed:
1. If he was suffering because he was wearing wool, and
vowed 'Wool will not come upon me' - he may not wear
it, but he may carry it;
2. If he was carrying flax and sweating, and said 'Flax
will not come upon me', he may wear it, but he may
not carry it.