POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Nedarim 73
NEDARIM 73 (Rosh Hashanah) - dedicated by Mrs. G. Turkel (Rabbi Kornfeld's
grandmother), an exceptional woman who accepted all of Hashem's Gezeiros
with love and who loved and respected the study of Torah. Tehei Nafshah
Tzerurah bi'Tzror ha'Chaim.
1) ANNULMENT OF A VOW WITHOUT HEARING IT
(a) Rejection: The case is, he said that the vow will be
annulled when he hears it.
1. Question: If so, why is he saying this now - let him
annul the vows when he hears them!
(b) Question (Rami Bar Chama): Can a deaf man annul his
2. Answer: He is concerned, perhaps he will be
distracted when he hears them, and will forget to
1. Perhaps a (hearing) husband can annul his wife's
vows without hearing them, because he is capable of
hearing them, but a deaf man cannot annul, for he is
incapable of hearing them, as R. Zeira's law.
(c) Answer (Rava - Beraisa): "And her husband heard" - to
exclude the wife of a deaf man.
i. (R. Zeira): Any (flour-offering) that (is small
enough that it) could be kneaded, it is valid
even if it was not kneaded; but if it could not
be kneaded, the fact that it was not kneaded
2. Or, perhaps there is never a need for the husband to
(d) Question: Can a man annul the vows of his 2 wives at
1. "He will annul Osah (her - singular) (vow)" - does
this come to teach that he can only annul 1 wife at
a time, or not?
(e) Answer (Ravina - Beraisa): We do not give 2 Sotos to
drink at the same time, since when 1 sees the other
drink, it will embrazen her, and she will not confess;
1. R. Yehudah says, this is not the reason - rather,
because it says "He will give Osah (her - singular)
to drink" - alone.
i. (We see that R. Yehudah would not allow
annulling 2 wives at once; the 1st Tana would.)
2) ANNULMENT DURING ENGAGEMENT
(a) (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): A Bogeres that has waited 12
months since engagement (for Nisu'in), or a widow that
has waited 30 days - since her husband must feed her, he
may annul her vows;
(b) Chachamim say, he cannot annul until she enters his
(c) (Gemara - Rabah): R. Eliezer and the original Mishnah
(regarding Kesuvos) must agree with each other.
1. (Mishnah): A virgin is given 12 months from
engagement to prepare for Nisu'in; after this time
(if her husband failed to make Nisu'in), he must
feed her, and she may eat Terumah (if he is a
(d) Objection (Abaye): Perhaps R. Eliezer and the original
Mishnah do not agree to each other!
i. If she is Shomeres Yavam to a Kohen, this does
not permit her to eat Terumah;
2. If 12 months have passed from the engagement -
whether her (engaged) husband died near the
beginning, middle, or near the end (and she waited
the rest of the time for the Yavam to do Yibum), she
does not eat Terumah;
3. All this is according to the original Mishnah; later
sages ruled that a Kohen's wife may not eat Terumah
until the Chupah.
1. Perhaps the original Mishnah only allows her to eat
Rabbinic Terumah - but it would not allow him to
annul her vows before Chupah, for this is a Torah
2. Or - perhaps R. Eliezer only allows him to annul her
vows before Chupah because of Rav Pinchas' law - but
he would not allow her to eat even Rabbinic Terumah!
i. (Rav Pinchas): A woman always intends that her
vows should be valid only if her husband
consents to it.