POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi N. Slifkin
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Nedarim 78
1) THE LANGUAGE OF ANNULMENT
(a) "This is the Davar (Word of Hashem)" teaches, a Chacham
can permit, not a husband.
2) COMMONERS MAY PERMIT VOWS
(b) (Beraisa): "This is the Davar" - a husband annuls, a
Chacham does not annul.
1. One might have thought, we should learn a Kal
v'Chomer: a husband cannot permit, but he can annul;
a Chachamim, who can permit, all the more so he can
(c) "This is the Davar" teaches, a husband can annul, not a
(d) It says by vows "This is the Davar"; it also says this by
slaughtering (a sacrifice) outside (the Mikdash).
1. By slaughtering outside, it mentions Aharon, his
sons and all of Yisrael - this also applies to vows;
(e) Question: What does it mean, that the heads of the tribes
applies to slaughtering outside?
2. By vows, it mentions the heads of the tribes - this
also applies to slaughtering outside.
3. Question: What does it mean, that Aharon, his sons
and all of Yisrael also applies to vows?
4. Answer (R. Acha Bar Yakov): Vows can be permit by a
Beis Din of 3 commoners.
5. Objection But it says, the heads of the tribes!
6. Answer (Rav Chisda): That teaches that an expert
(Chacham) can permit by himself.
(f) Answer (Rav Sheshes): This teaches that one may nullify a
declaration to make something Hekdesh (through regret).
(g) Question: According to Beis Shamai, one may not nullify
Hekdesh - what do they learn from the Gezeirah Shaveh
(which makes it as if 'The heads of the tribes' is
written by slaughtering outside)?
1. Answer: Beis Shamai do not learn the Gezeirah Shaveh
"Davar-Davar" - they use "This is the Davar (thing)"
written by vows to teach that a Chachamim can
permit, he cannot annul; a husband can annul, he
(h) Question: What do they learn from "This is the Davar"
said by slaughtering outside?
(i) Answer: This teaches that one is only liable for
slaughtering, not for Melikah (cutting a bird's neck with
(a) Question: How do Beis Shamai learn that 3 commoners may
permit a vow?
(b) Answer: They learn as Rav Asi Bar Noson.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi ha'Gelili): "Moshe spoke the
holidays of Hash-m to Bnei Yisrael" - the Yomim
Tovim are said, but Shabbos was not said with them;
2. Ben Azai says, the Yomim Tovim are said, but the
passage of vows was not said with them.
3. Question (Rav Asi Bar Noson): But Shabbos is
mentioned with the Yomim Tovim! And the passage of
vows is said after the Yomim Tovim!
3) DELAYED ANNULMENT
4. Answer (Rav Sheshes): The Beraisa means as follows:
Yomim Tovim are dependent on sanctification (of the
months) by Beis Din, but Shabbos is not;
5. Ben Azai says, sanctification of the Yomim Tovim
(through sanctification of the months) requires
certified Chachamim, but a Beis Din of commoners can
6. Question: But "The heads of the tribes" is written
7. Answer (Rav Chisda): That teaches that a certified
Chacham can permit a vow by himself.
(a) (R. Chanina): A husband that is silent, to vex his wife
(so she should not know that he will annul later) can
annul even 10 days later.
(b) Question #1 (Rava - Beraisa): When does authority to
annul her vow passes to the father? If the husband did
not hear her vow, or he heard it and was silent or
annulled it, and died that day;
1. But if the husband heard it and affirmed it, or was
silent and died on a later day, the father cannot
(c) Answer #1: No - he was silent with intention to affirm.
2. Suggestion: The case (of silence) is that he was
silent to vex her.
1. Objection If so, that is the same case as when he
(d) Answer #2: Rather, he was silent without any specific
(e) Question #2 (against R. Chanina - Rav Chisda - Beraisa):
There are stringencies of affirmation over annulment, and