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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nedarim 82

NEDARIM 82 (Yom Kipur 5761) - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants to have the Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.


(a) What does Rav Huna learn from the fact that the Tana of our Mishnah says ' ... Harei Zeh Yafer', after having already said earlier 'Rebbi Yossi Omer, Ein Eilu Nidrei Inuy Nefesh'?

(b) What does Shmuel quoting Levi say about ...

  1. ... all Nedarim except for Hana'asi al P'loni'?
  2. ... 'Hana'as P'loni Alai'?
(c) What sort of Nedarim is Shmuel referring to?
(a) Our Mishnah states 'Konem Peiros Medinah Zu Alai, Yavi Lah mi'Medinah Acheres' (implying that she is not permitted to eat the fruit of that Medinah [even through the Ba'al's Hafarah], in which case, he should certainly not be able to annul the Neder in the case of 'Hana'as P'loni Alai').
To resolve the Kashya on Shmuel, how does Rav Yosef initially establish this Mishnah?

(b) Why does the Mishnah then not say that someone else should bring fruit from another country, rather than that her husband should bring her fruit from that one?

(c) What is then the problem from the Seifa of our Mishnah 'Peiros Chenvani Zeh Alai, Ein Yachol Lehafer'? Why will it not suffice to answer that it too, speaks when she said 'she'Tavi Atah'?

(a) Having now been forced to retract from the suggestion that our Mishnah speaks when she said 'she'Tavi Atah' (and to establish it even when she brings the fruit herself), how will Shmuel account for the Reisha 'Peiros Chenvani Zeh Alai, Ein Yachol Lehafer'?

(b) Why do we need to cite Rav Huna here, seeing as the Tana himself quotes the case in Rebbi Yossi's name?

(c) And, in answering Shmuel, why is it necessary to add that although the husband cannot annul the Neder because of Inuy Nefesh, he can annul it because of Beino le'Veinah?

(d) We prove from Shmuel, who rules like the Rabbanan, that the Halachah is like the Rabbanan, and not like Rebbi Yossi, even though the author of all the Mishnah's in the Perek from now on is Rebbi Yossi.
Why are they not considered S'tam Mishnahs?

4) Some commentaries explain that when Shmuel rules 'Hana'as P'loni Alai', he is speaking about Beino le'Veinah like Rebbi Yossi (in which case the Halachah will be like Rebbi Yossi).
On what grounds do we refute this explanation?

Answers to questions



(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rules that if a woman declares a Neder on two loaves, one, a loaf of white bread (which causes her Inuy), the other, one of black bread (which does not), her husband can even annul the Neder on the black loaf.
Why is that? What is Shmuel's source?

(b) What would be the Din, according to Shmuel, if he were to annul only the half of the Neder pertaining to the white loaf?

(c) What does Rav Asi Amar Rebbi Yochanan say?

(d) On what grounds does he disagree with Shmuel? How will he interpret "Iyshah Yefeirenu"?

(a) According to others, Rav Asi asked Rebbi Yochanan in the form of a She'eilah what the Din would be in the case of the two loaves.
What did Rebbi Yochanan reply?

(b) Does Rebbi Yochanan speak even when the husband or the father annulled the loaf of black-bread specifically?

(c) Seeing as Shmuel learns from "Iyshah Yeferenu" that the husband is obligated to annul the entire Neder, how will he explain the Mishnah, 'Netulah Ani min ha'Yehudim, Yafer Chelko ... '? Why should he not be obligated to annul the rest of the Neder too?

(d) What is the logic behind this distinction between Nidrei Inuy Nefesh and Nedarim she'Beino le'Veinah?

Answers to questions

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