(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof

Ask A Question on the daf

Introduction to Nidah

Nidah 2

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

1) [line ] NIDAH/ZAVAH

By Torah Law, a woman who has her period is a Nidah for a period of seven days. It makes no difference whether she saw blood only once or for the entire seven days. At the end of seven days, after nightfall, she can immerse herself in a Mikvah if she has stopped seeing blood, to become Tahor.

The next eleven days are "days of Zivah." If a woman experiences menstrual blood one or two consecutive days during this period, she becomes a Zavah Ketanah. She is Tamei the following day. If she is clean the following day, she may immerse herself in a Mikvah at night to become Tahor. If she again has a show of blood, she is again Tamei the following (third) day. If she is clean that day, she may immerse in a Mikvah at night to become Tahor.

If she sees three days consecutively during this period, the woman becomes a Zavah Gedolah. In order for her to become Tahor, she must count seven "clean days" during which she verifies that she has no show of blood. After the seven days, she immerses herself in a Mikvah. She must bring a Korban Zavah to permit her to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or to eat Kodshim.

*2*) [line 2] DAYAN SHA'ATAN - (a) The Mishnah discusses the case of a woman who finds Dam Nidah during an internal check for menstrual blood with a Bedikah-cloth. The question in the Mishnah is whether we are to assume that the blood that was found is fresh (Dayan Sha'atan) or whether it had been there for some time, in which case the woman will be judged to be Tamei retroactively from the time the blood reached the Bayis ha'Chitzon

(b) The Gemara (3b) concludes that even according to those who judge the woman to be Tamei retroactively , this is only a Chumra d'Rabbanan with regard to Terumah and Kodshim. With regard to making her husband and Chulin Tamei, and with regard to her status mid'Oraysa, she is Tahor, since she had a Chezkas Taharah.

3) [line 3] MI'PEKIDAH LI'PEKIDAH - from the last time which she checked

4) [line 4] ME'ES L'ES MEMA'ETES AL YAD MI'PEKIDAH LI'PEKIDAH - if the past Bedikah was more than 24 hours before, then we will only be Machmir retroactively for a period of 24 hours.

5) [line 7] VESES - fixed cycle when a woman usually menstruates
6) [line 7] HA'MESHAMESHES B'EDIM - she does a Bedikah before she has Tashmish


7) [line 12] CHASER V'ASAI, CHASER V'ASAI - its volume gradually decreased
8) [line 14] HA'GAS HA'GAS CHAZITEI - some of the Dam Nidah seeped out as it built up inside

9) [line 15] TARTEI L'RE'USA - there are two negative factors (= Chazakos). For example, if a person was Tovel in a Mikvah that was previously found to contain 40 Se'ah of water, and later found that the Mikvah contained less than 40 Se'ah we rule that the person is Tamei due to a combination of two Chazakos: (1) The person who was Tovel had a Chezkas Tamei, and (2) the Mikvah is presently lacking.

11) [line 18] CHOMETZ - vinegar

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,