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Nidah 6

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 6a DH v'Einah Mekulkeles:
The words "v'Einah Monah" are the beginning of a new Dibur

[2] Rashi 6b DH Gafah:
The words "u'Medichah Yadeha" are the beginning of a new Dibur

[3] Rashi 6b DH Kiblah Minei:
The words "*Hachi* Ka'amar"
should be "*d'Hachi* Ka'amar"

*1*) [line 3] TANYA KAVASEI D'RAVA - The Gemara is bringing support for the two statements of Rava, that a woman who sees blood is retroactively Metamei both vessels with a Tzamid Pesil and Mishkavos


(a) By Torah Law, a woman who has her period is a Nidah for a period of seven days. It makes no difference whether she saw blood only one time or for the entire seven days. At the end of seven days, after nightfall, she can immerse in a Mikvah if she has stopped seeing blood, to become Tahor.

(b) The next eleven days are "days of Zivah." If a woman experiences bleeding during these days for *one or two* consecutive days, she becomes a Zavah Ketanah and is Tamei. She is prohibited to her husband and makes what she touches a Rishon l'Tuma'ah. If she does not experience bleeding the following night (i.e., the second or third night, depending up whether she bled one or two days), she may immerse in a Mikvah in the morning and she is Tahor. (However, if she experiences bleeding during the remainder of the day, she is retroactively Tamei and her Tevilah did not make her Tahor.)

(c) If she has a show of blood for *three* consecutive days, the woman becomes a Zavah Gedolah and is Tamei. She is prohibited to her husband and makes what she touches a Rishon l'Tuma'ah. In order for her to become Tahor, she must count seven "clean days" during which she verifies that she has no show of blood. On the morning of the seventh clean day she immerses in a Mikvah and (if she does not experience bleeding during the rest of the day) she is Tahor to her husband and no longer a Zavah. After nightfall she may eat Terumah, but she must bring a Korban Zavah on the following day to permit her to enter the Beis ha'Mikdash or to eat Kodshim.

(a) The first time a woman becomes Tamei by seeing blood (after the cycle of 18 days is completed) she starts anew the cycle and becomes a Nidah for seven days. If a woman sees blood during the 11 days of Zivah, she is a Zavah Ketanah or Zavah Gedolah.

(b) If a woman has erred (TO'AH) in her count and does not know whether she saw the blood during the days of Nidah or of Zivah, she must follow the more stringent of the two courses of action. If she sees blood only after a period of seven to seventeen days (as the Gemara explains in detail in Erchin 8a), she knows for sure that she is at the beginning (PESACH) of her cycle and the next time she sees blood, she is a Nidah and not a Zavah.

A man who is Bo'el a Nidah becomes Tamei for seven days and is Metamei what touches him or what is placed under him to become a Rishon l'Tum'ah, as stated in Vayikra 15:24. (See Nidah 33a, and chart)

4) [line 26] BI'SHAS AVARASAN MI'LE'ECHOL - when they stop eating Terumah
5) [line 28] LE'SAKEN SHIRAYIM SHE'BEFANEHA - to permit the Terumah that remains

6) [line 30] K'SHI'UR VESES - immediately


7) [line 11] CHEVRAYA MEDAKAN BI'GLILA - Chaverim (in contrast to Amei ha'Aretz) in Galil keep their wine and oil on the level of purity that is kept in the Beis ha'Mikdash (even though it is destroyed)

The Todah (thanksgiving-offering) was a form of Shelamim that was eaten for only one day and one night. The Todah had to be brought together with forty loaves of bread; ten each of the following:

(a) unleavened loaves mixed with oil;
(b) flat matzos saturated with oil;
(c) (unleavened) loaves made of boiled flour mixed with oil;
(d) loaves of leavened bread.
One loaf of each type of bread would be given to the Kohen who performed the Zerikah (Vayikra 7:11)

9) [line 21] B'LISHAIHU - while still being kneaded (i.e. before baking)
10) [line 29] GAFAH - seal the barrel with clay

*11*) [line 45] TENAN HASAM, NOLAD LAH SAFEK ... - The reason the Gemara cites this Mishnah is because it presently believes that Chulin ha'Tevulin l'Chalah may be equated with Chulin she'Na'asu Al Taharas Terumah. This will be the basis for asking a contradiction between the previous statement in the Gemara and the Mishnah that discusses Chalah which is Safek Tamei

12) [line 46] GILGELAH - she kneaded it

A dough of Chulin from which there is an obligation to separate Chalah, has the status of Chalah regarding Tumah

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