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Nidah 34

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 34b DH Chutz mi'Meimei:
The words "d'I Pesichei *b'Meimei Ragleha*"
should be "d'I Pesichei *Bah Meimei Raglayim*"

[2] Rashi 34b DH Metamei:
The words "Tum'as Erev *b'Keri*"
should be "Tum'as Erev *k'Keri*"

*1*) [line 4] DAM OVEDES KOCHAVIM ...
There are three Machlokos Beis Shmai and Beis Hillel in the Mishnah:

(a) Is the menstrual blood of a non-Jewess completely Tahor, or is it Tamei when moist? Beis Shamai hold the former and Beis Hillel, the latter. The point under contention is how much did Chazal differentiate between Jews and non-Jews in their decree.

(b) Is Dam Tohar a Ma'ayan or not? When a Metzora'as sees Dam Tohar, is it Tamei like her saliva and urine? Beis Shamai says that it is Tahor. It is not similar to saliva which builds up before it comes out. Beis Hillel rules that even though the blood is not a Ma'ayan, the Torah gives it the status of a Ma'ayan, and is Metamei when moist.

(c) After a Yoledes finishes her Yemei Tum'ah, does her blood automatically get the status of Dam Tohar? Beis Shamai says yes and Beis Hillel says that she must immerse herself first.

The saliva and urine of a Zav are Metamei mid'Oraysa through Maga and Masa when they are moist.
The moist saliva and urine of a non-Jew are Metamei mid'Rabanan, because the Chachamim gave them the status of Zavin.
Beis Hillel is of the opinion that the menstrual blood of a non-Jewess was included in the decree of the Rabanan, and that it is Metamei when it is moist.
The blood of a Jewess is Metamei mid'Oraisa whether it is dry or moist.

3) [line 9] YOLEDES B'ZOV
If a woman gives birth when she is a Zavah Gedolah, she must count seven clean days before immersing in a Mikvah. Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree that any blood that she sees before the seven clean days is Tamei whether it is dry or moist.


4) [line 2] CHUTZ MI'MEI RAGLAYIM SHE'BAH- except in a case where the non-Jew's urine is mixed in with it.

*5*) [line 9] BE'SOCH 3 LO KA'MIBA'I LEI - This is the Gemara's answer.
6) [line 11] D'DAIGI B'MITZVOS - they are apprehensive about Mitzvos
7) [line 11] CHAVIL GUFAIHU - their bodies are heated

8) [line 21] PERI'AH U'FRIMAH A Metzora Muchlat (a person whom the Kohen has confirmed to be a Metzorah) must let his hair grow (Peri'ah), make a tear (Perimah) of at least a Tefach in his clothes and cover his head down to his lips like a mourner, as stated in Vayikra 13:45

A Metzora Muchlat (one who was diagnosed as certainly having Tzara'as) is permitted to have marital relations (see Mo'ed Katan 7b). After the Tzara'as goes away, part of the process of becoming Tahor includes counting seven clean days. During these days, marital relations are forbidden. This law applies only to men and not to women.

10) [line 32] SHUM TUM'AH PARCHI - they refute the proposed Limud by any instance of Tum'ah where a female is more stringent than a male; not just in a matter of Tum'as Tzara'as

11) [line 35] KI PASHIT REBBI SHIMON BEN LAKISH B'ZAV - when Rebbi Shimon Ben Lakish would deduce the Halachos of Zav

*12*) [line 36] ZAV KATAN - A Zav who was between 9 and 12 years old.

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