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Nidah 38

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Rashi 38a DH Af:
The words "*b'Ymei* Zivah" (The first words in Rashi)
should be "*k'Ymei* Zivah"

[2] Rashi 38a DH Keitzad:
The words "*Harei* 11 Yamim"
should be "*she'Hen* 11 Yamim" (RASHASH)

[3] Rashi Ibid:
The words "uv'Yom *61* Yaldah Nekeivah"
should be "uv'Yom *62* Yaldah Nekeivah"

1) [line 16] B'LO ES - during the 11 days of Zivah (referred to in Chumash as "b'Lo Es Nidasah" - Vayikra 15:25)

2) [line 21] EIN KOSHI LI'NEFALIM -
A stillborn fetus does not cause the days in which she saw blood during labor to be considered as days that are Tehorim.

It is impossible for the womb to open without blood coming out. When a woman gives birth, she becomes a Nidah. If no blood is found during the birth , there is a Machlokes as to whether she is Tehorah or not. Tana Kama holds that it is possible for the womb to open without blood coming out. Rebbi Yehudah holds that this is impossible; the blood must have been lost. (Daf 21a)

4) [line 35] SHIPURA GARIM -
see Insights


5) [line 28] B'DAM HA'SHOFI - the blood that a woman sees when her labor pains relax during the days of Zivah

"It is sufficient to give the Halachah learned from a Kal va'Chomer the exact status of the Halachah from which it was learned."
Rabanan state that the blood which comes due to labor pain (Dam Koshi) *during Yemei Tohar* is Tahor, until the woman miscarries. Rebbi Eliezer rules that it is Tamei. Rabanan argue that it stands to reason that this blood is Tahor, since Dam Koshi is Tahor before she gives birth, as long as there is no blood without pain (Dam Shofi) immediately prior to birth. (Dam Shofi before the birth is Tamei and makes her a Yoledes b'Zov). Dam Shofi during Yemei Tohar, however, is Tahor. Therefore Dam Koshi during Yemei Tohar should be Tahor.

Rebbi Eliezer answers Dayo la'Ba Min ha'Din Liheyos ka'Nidon. Dam Koshi before birth has specific rules. It is only Tahor if the Yoledes bled during the Yemei Zivah. If she was a Nidah, the blood will be Tamei. Therefore, the first Dam Koshi that she sees after her Tevilah following the Yemei Tum'ah, makes her a Nidah.

*7*) [line 45] DAMEHA MACHMAS ATZMAH, V'LO MACHMAS VELAD - That is, just as the verse excluded Dam Leidah from the *Tum'ah* of normal blood, so too the verse excludes it from the *Taharah* of Dam Tohar.

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