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Nidah 43

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 43a [last line]:
"Ovedes Kochavim *Zavah*"
Rashi was not Gores the word "Zavah" (because all non-Jews have the status
of Zavos mid'Rabanan, even if they are Tehoros. Even if she sees blood like
a Zavah, she is only Teme'ah mid'Rabanan, since the laws of Zivah do not
apply to non-Jews mid'Oraisa)

[2] Rashi 43b DH Shtayim v'Kar'o Tamei:
The words "Zovo *Tamei* Trei Tamei"
should be "Zovo Trei Tamei"

1) [line 1] KANEH - a reed
2) [line 15] MATLIS AVAH - a thick piece of cloth
3) [line 22] KOL GUFO MARGISH BAH - his entire body experiences a titillating sensation from it

4) [line 25] BESARO CHAM - his Ever is erect
5) [line 28] YOREH K'CHETZ - shoots out like an arrow
*6*) [line 38] HA TEMUYEI METAMYA - This is a third Shitah that holds that even if he *does not* experience a titillating sensation, he is Tamei (Tosfos DH Ha Temuyei)

7) [line 41] SHE'HIRHER - who had an unclean thought, causing the movement of Shichvas Zera within his body

8) [line 45] D'LO MATZI NAKIT LAH - which he cannot hold back


9) [line 6] ZAV
Zivah is a clear discharge with the appearance of the egg white of a sterile or spoiled egg, in contrast with semen, which has the consistency of fresh egg white. Zivah can also be a pus-like discharge resembling the liquid from barley dough or soft barley batter.

The Halachah is that a Zav who emitted Zivah twice or three times does not become Tahor from his Zivah until 7 "clean" days pass, during which he does not emit any Zivah. If he emits Zivah during those days, he must begin his count all over again (Rambam, Hil. Mechusrei Kaparah 3:1).

10) [line 6] K'CHASIMAS PI HA'AMAH - an amount that can seal the opening of the male organ

11) [line 11] "(RAR BESARO ES ZOVO,) O HECHTIM BESARO MI'ZOVO" - "(if his organ dribbles with the discharge,) or if his organ was sealed from his discharge" (Vayikra 15:3)

12) [line 13] ME'RAR - from "Rar" (dribbles) mentioned in the beginning of the Pasuk

13) [line 18] MISHKAV U'MOSHAV
(a) A Zav, whether he sees Zov two or three times, is an Av ha'Tum'ah. He can cause objects that are under him to become Avos ha'Tum'ah whether he touches them or not. These objects are then called Mishkav and Moshav, or the *Tachton*, of a Zav. Any object (besides earthenware utensils and foods) may become a Mishkav or Moshav if it was made for lying or sitting upon.
(b) A person who is touching or carrying a Mishkav or Moshav is Metamei the clothes he is wearing and other utensils (aside from earthenware utensils) that he may be touching. These items get the status of Rishon l'Tum'ah.

14a) [line 42] ACHBAR D'YAM - the "sea-mouse"; a type of fish
b) [line 42] ACHBAR D'YABASHAH - mouse

15a) [line 44] DON MINAH U'MINAH
Judge from it and (entirely) from it, i.e. an analogy must be carried through so that the case deduced agrees throughout with the case from which the deduction was made
b) [line 45] DON MINAH V'UKI B'ASRA
Judge from it but place the deduction in its own context, i.e. let the case deduced by analogy be regulated by the rules that are appropriate to that case itself

17) [line 53] NEGA'IM
When a person develops a mark that looks like Tzara'as, a Kohen must ascertain whether or not it is a Nega Tzara'as. If it is indeed a Nega Tzara'as, the Kohen pronounces him Tamei, puts him in quarantine (Hesger), and returns after a week to see what changes, if any, occurred to the mark. A person who is *confirmed* to be Tamei due to the appearance of Simanei Tum'ah in the mark is called a Metzora Muchlat.

( 18) [line 53] ZOKEK L'YIBUM
If a married man dies childless, his widow must undergo Yibum (the marriage of a dead man's brother with his wife) or Chalitzah (a ceremony in Beis Din that absolves her of the Mitzvah of Yibum) Devarim 25:5-10. The *connection* of the brother to the dead man's wife, which obligates one of the two, is called Zikah. Even if the brother was born on the day of the man's death (before he dies), the one-day-old is Zokek l'Yibum (obligates the widow in one of the two Mitzvos). If the brother was born after the man's death, he is not Zokek l'Yibum.

19) [last line] MA'ACHIL BI'TRUMAH
A non-Kohen may not eat Terumah. A Kohen's wife, who is not herself a Kohenes, eats Terumah as long as he or their sons are alive. If the Kohen died while his wife was pregnant, and they have no other sons, she must wait for a boy to be born before she can continue to eat Terumah.

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