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Nidah 53

***************GIRSA SECTION********************
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara, Rashi or Tosfos.)

[1] Gemara 53a [line 29]:
The words "Nir'in Divrei Rebbi Yehudah Ben Agra l'Rabanan *d'Lo* Badkah"
should be "Nir'in Divrei Rebbi Yehudah Ben Agra l'Rabanan *bed'Lo* Badkah"

[2] Rashi 53b DH l'Mafre'a:
This is a continuation of the previous Dibur

*1*) [line 2] MAI BADKAH, U'MAI LO BADKAH? - The Gemara does not answer this question with Rava's subsequent statement; the answer is further down the page

*Halachic* sunset according to Rebbi Yehudah starts from the time the sun sets and lasts for the time that it takes an average person to walk a certain distance. The Gemara (Shabbos 34b) records a difference of opinion as to whether this distance is two thirds or three quarters of a Mil. RASHI here and in Berachos 2b writes that this distance is half of a Mil.
b) [line 7] BEIN HA'SHEMASHOS D'REBBI YOSI *Halachic* sunset according to Rebbi Yosi lasts as long as the (gentle) blink of the eyes. Beforehand is day; afterwards is night. There is a difference of opinion as to whether the sunset of Rebbi Yosi occurs after or during the sunset of Rebbi Yehudah.

3) [line 35] MIN HA'MINCHAH UL'MA'ALAH - in the afternoon (before sunset)
*4*) [line 36] V'NIR'IN DEVARAV, KESHE'BADKAH - Rebbi accepted the words of *Rebbi Yehudah Ben Agra*, when there was a Bedikah.

*5*) [line 38] ELA, PESHITAH D'BADKAH -... and Rebbi Yosi argued even in such a case, as the Gemara explains at the end of the Amud

6) [last line] SHALIM - it is finished


7) [line 2] MEISHACH SHAYICH - is a part of
8) [line 3] METAM'AH ATZMAH - it (the bloodstain) makes the woman herself retroactively Temei'ah

*9*) [line 11] TOLAH KISMAH BI'R'IYASAH - see Insights
10) [line 14] ME'AVSAH - corrupt her (am stringent with her)
12) [line 25] AGAV SHITFACH ASYA LACH - as you were reviewing what you learned, it came back to you

13) [line 28] YOM ARBA'IM L'ZACHAR...
In Vayikra 12 the Torah discusses the laws of Tum'ah and Taharah of childbirth. When a woman gives birth, there is a waiting period before she can go to the Mikdash or eat Kodshim. That period is divided into two terms:

(a) During the initial term, she has the status of a Nidah (even if she did not see any blood during childbirth). If she gave birth to a male, this term lasts for seven days. If a female was born, this term last for two weeks. At the end of this time, she may go to the Mikvah.
(b) During the second term, any blood that she sees does not give her the status of a Nidah as it normally would. The blood which she sees during this period is called Dam Tohar. Nevertheless, during this term, she may not eat Kodshim or enter the Mikdash. This term lasts for thirty-three days for a male and sixty-six days for a female. Thus, the total waiting period is forty days for a male and eighty days for a female.
(c) Any blood that the woman sees after the conclusion of the above two terms is the start of her regular cycle (Dam Nidah).
(d) If a woman saw blood during Bein ha'Shemashos of the 41st day after the birth of a boy, or during Bein ha'Shemashos of the 81st day after the birth of a girl, we are in doubt as to whether the blood is Dam Tohar or Dam Nidah
(The current practice is to consider a woman a Nidah even during the period of Dam Tohar.)

14) [line 31] SHOTOS - fools/confused ones

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