(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as
this header and the footer at the end are included.)
THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question about the Daf
- HALACHAH: THE SENSATION THAT MAKES A WOMAN TEMEI'AH
OPINIONS: Shmuel rules that if a woman did not feel the blood come out of
her womb, we learn from the verse in Vayikra 15:19 that she is Tehorah. She
is only considered to be a Nidah mid'Rabanan. If she felt the blood come
out, she is Temei'ah mid'Oraisa, even if she did not actually find blood
upon an internal examination.
What does it mean that a woman feels that the blood came out of the womb?
The PISCHEI TESHUVAH (Yoreh De'ah 183:1) cites three opinions:
- The SHULCHAN ARUCH (ibid. 190:1) and the REMA (ibid. 188:1) write that
the woman feels her womb opening. The Acharonim explain that this feeling
is similar to the sensation felt upon urinating, which concurs with our
Gemara, that compares the two.
- RAMBAM (Hilchos Isurei Bi'ah 5:17, 9:1) states that a woman feels her
body tremble with the flow of blood.
- NODA B'YEHUDAH (Yoreh De'ah 1:55) explains that she feels the flow of
a liquid inside her body. CHASAM SOFER (Yoreh De'ah, Teshuvah #145),
citing his Rebbi, argues and rules that feeling the flow of liquid does not
make a woman into a Nidah mid'Oraisa. (Feeling dampness or a flow of liquid
outside of her body certainly does not make her Temei'ah mid'Oraisa.
MAR'EH KOHEN 1:3.)
HALACHAH: The Poskim write that all of these feelings make a woman a Nidah
mid'Oraisa. When a woman does not experience one of these feelings, she is
only Temei'ah mid'Rabanan.
If she finds blood during a Bedikah or upon wiping herself immediately
after urinating, she is also Temei'ah mid'Oraisa even if she did not
experience any of these sensations, in accordance with the Gemara which
states that the feeling of blood exiting the womb can be obscured by the
sensation of a Bedikah or of urination.
- A HARGASHAH THAT GOES UNNOTICED
The Gemara asks a question on Shmuel's ruling, that a bloodstain
does not make a woman Tamei unless she actually feels the blood coming from
her body, from a Beraisa. The Beraisa rules that if a woman finds blood on
her body and she is in doubt as to whether she is Temei'ah or Tehorah, she
is Temei'ah. Why is she Temei'ah? She did not feel the blood come from her
body! The Gemara proves from this that even according to Shmuel the woman
is Temei'ah mid'Rabanan.
Earlier, the Gemara asked a question on Shmuel from the ruling of the
Beraisa that a if woman often bleeds, she must accord to any items that she
touches the status that she herself retains during the majority of her
life; if she is a Nidah more often than not, these items are Temei'im. The
Gemara asks why the items are Temei'im if the woman did not experience a
Hargashah recently, and the Gemara answers that the woman may have had a
Hargashah recently and not noticed it.
Why does the Gemara not answer the question from a bloodstain on the
woman's skin in the same manner, by saying that she perhaps experienced a
Hargashah not did not notice it? (TOSFOS DH Ketani)
TOSFOS (ibid.) explains that we only use this answer in the third
case, where the woman is Temei'ah for the majority of her days. In such a
case there is substantial cause to assume that she may have had a Hargashah
without realizing it, since she is Temei'ah so often. However, there is no
reason to assume that she did not notice a Hargashah in the case of the
woman who finds blood on her body.
(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material as long as
this header and the footer at the end of the mailing are included.)
This article is provided as part of Shema Yisrael Torah Network
Permission is granted to redistribute electronically or on paper,
provided that this notice is included intact.
For information on subscriptions, archives, and other Shema Yisrael
Classes, send mail to email@example.com
Shema Yisrael Torah Network
In the U.S.:
Tel. (908) 370-3344
Fax. (908) 367-6608
Toll free line for dedications: 1-800-574-2646