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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nidah 26

1) The Gemara asks why the Mishnah in Bechoros needs to teach us that the baby to be born after the Sandel, is not a Bechor for Pidyon ha'Ben.

(a) What is the Gemara's Kashya?

(b) What does the Gemara answer?

(a) Considering that the woman is anyway obligated to bring a Korban for the baby that accompanies the Sandel, why must the Mishnah tell us that she needs to bring a Korban for the Sandel?
According to Rebbi Shimon, a Yotzei Dofen is considered a regular birth.
(b) In that case, why do we need the Mishnah?
(a) With regard to the above, what is the significance of the Beraisa which states that the two babies are wrapped together? (What problem does that create?)

(b) How does the Gemara resolve the difficulty, and how do we now explain the cases of both Bechorah and of Kerisus (Korban)?

Rava establishes the Beraisa even if the babies were literally next to each other.
(c) How does *he* learn the two cases?
(a) Why does Rebbi Shimon hold that a Shilya is not the sign of a baby and that the mother is Tehorah?

(b) What does a Shilya initially look like, and how does it ultimately look?

(c) What is its minimum size, and is it solid or hollow?

5) Five things carry the Shiur of a Tefach: Shilya, Shofar, Shedra, Dofen Sukah and Eizov. Shilya has already been clarified.
(a) What are the ramifications of the other four?

(b) Most of these are Mishnahs or Beraisos. Which one is a statement of the Amora'im?

(c) Why does Shilo Ish Kefar Tamarta list *two*?

6) 'Tefach al Tefach be'Rum Tefach Meruba Meivi es ha'Tumah, ve'Chotzeitz bi'Fenei ha'Tum'ah'.
(a) What do these two statements mean?

(b) Why is this Mishnah not included in the above list to make it five?

'Even ha'Yotzei min ha'Tanur Tefach'.
(c) What does that mean, and why is it not included in the above list?
'Tanurei Banos Tefach'.
(d) What does that mean, and why is it not included in the list?
Answers to questions



(a) Why does the list not incorporate the lid of the Aron, which was a Tefach thick?

(b) And why does it not include the case of a Koreh - a beam, which must be one Tefach, to serve as an Eiruv, to enable one to carry in a Mavuy?

(a) When does Rav say that if a woman discharges a Shilya more than three days after she has given birth, we suspect that maybe there is a second baby, and when does he say that we do not?

(b) What are the ramifications of the statement 've'Im La'av, Chosheshin li'Velad Acher' - assuming that the first baby was a girl?

'Ein Tolin es ha'Shilya Ela be'Davar shel Kayama'.
(c) What does this mean, and why did this statement cause Shmuel to become upset with Rav Yehudah?
(a)What did Rebbi answer, when asked what whether one should connect the Shilya to the form of a raven that a woman had previously miscarried.

(b) And what if the Shilya was attached to the raven?

(c) What does the Gemara ask on this from a Beraisa?

10) The Beraisa writes that if the Shilya is not attached to the animal, we give it the Chumra of two babies.
(a) What is the reason for this?

(b) According to the Rabbanan of Rebbi Meir, who hold that a woman who miscarries any form of animal is not Temei'ah Leidah, what is the 'Chomer Shenei Velados' to which the Beraisa refers?

Answers to questions

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