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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Nidah 69

1) The Gemara asks what the Din will be if a Zavah examined herself on the first and the eighth days, according to Rebbi Eliezer, and found that she was Tehorah.

(a) What are the two sides of the Sha'aleh?
It is obvious that, according to Rebbi Akiva, she has only the eighth day (the first of her seven clean days).
(b) What will be the Din according to Rebbi Yehoshua, and why?
Rebbi Chanina rules that, even in the opinion of Rebbi Eliezer, she only has the eighth day.
(c) What does Rav say, and what does the Gemara ask on him from the following Beraisa? '*ve'Shavin* be'Zav u've'Zavah ... she'Ein Lahem Ela Shemini Bilevad'?

(d) What does the Gemara answer?

2) Rav is quoted as saying, that a Nidah who made Hefresh be'Taharah on the third day, may count it in her seven clean days.
(a) Which textual change is essential in this statement, and why?

(b) What is wrong with the statement, even *after* the change?

(c) How do we finally understand Rav's statement, and what is the Chidush?

(d) Why is 'Hafrashah be'Taharah' before the seven clean days, vital?

(a) What does the Gemara ask on Rav (who does not require the acyual days to have been counted) from the Sugya above (Daf 29b), from the case of a woman who left pregnant and returned empty, and whom we do not make Tovel on the *days* of the first week, in case she gave birth be'Zov, and is now terminating her Zivus?

(b) What does the Gemara answer?

4) If a woman arrives from out of town and claims that she saw blood once, but does not know whether that was in the days of Nidus or of Zivus, we make her Tovel nine Tevilos (according to those who hold that it is a Mitzvah to Tovel as soon as the Tevilah falls due).
(a) At which time of day did she arrive, and why *nine* Tevilos?

(b) What would be the din if she were to arrive by night?

If she claims to have seen Bein ha'Shemashos, she must Tovel eleven times.
(c) Why the extra two Tevilos?
5) If she claimed not to have seen at all, she Tovels fifteen times, the Beraisa continues. Rava compares this senseless Din to the laws of Galchi.
(a) What is an example of the laws of Galchi?

(b) How did an orphan counter their silly ruling?

(c) In what way does the ruling of the Beraisa compare with the above law of Galchi?

(d) How does the Gemara therefore amend the wording of the Beraisa?

Answers to questions



(a) In the last case, why must the woman Tovel fifteen times?

(b) When will she even require *sixteen* Tevilos, and why does the Beraisa mention *fifteen* and not sixteen?

(a) What is the Gemara attempting to prove from the above-mentioned Beraisa?

(b) How does the Gemara reject the proof that the Rabbanan disagree with Rebbi Akiva, and do not require days that have already been counted?

(c) What still needs to be added to the textual changes and why?

(a) Which five Tamei people are Metamei be'Masa even after they have died?

(b) Why can this not possibly be referring literally to Tum'as Masa, and to what then does it refer?

(c) Until when are they Metamei, and why?

(d) Is a dead gentile Metamei be'Even Mesama, and why should he have a different Din than the above five?

9) According to Beis Shamai, we consider every woman who dies to be a Nidah.
(a) What are the ramifications of this Halachah?

(b) Why did Chazal decree Tum'as Even Mesama on a dead Zav etc.

Even Mesama is derived from a Pasuk in Daniel "ve'Heisis Even Chada, ve'Sam Al Pi Guva".
(c) Why is it called 'Even Mesama'.
10) The Alexandrians asked Rabbi Yehoshua three Sha'alos to do with Chochmah. The first of these is included in our Mishnah: 'Until when is a dead Zav Metamei'?
The second concerns a divorced woman whose ex-husband re-marries her after she had been married to someone else: whether her daughter is permitted to a Kohen or not.
(a) What are the two sides to the Sha'aleh?

(b) What did Rebbi Yehoshua answer them?

Answers to questions

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