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Previous dafPesachim 24
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg
and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is
devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara,
Rashi or Tosfos.)
 Gemara 24b [line 3]:
"Asher Yiga b'Chol Tamei Lo Ye'achel" are unnecessary and do not appear in Rashi.
1) [line 10] EIMUREI KODSHIM KALIM - the parts of Kodshim Kalim that are
offered on the Mizbe'ach, including certain fats, the kidneys and the
2) [line 12] "V'IM YIVASER MI'BESAR HA'MILU'IM U'MIN HA'LECHEM AD HA'BOKER;
V'SARAFTA ES HA'NOSAR BA'ESH, LO YE'ACHEL KI KODESH HU" - "If any meat of
the Milu'im offering or any of the bread is left over until morning, you
must burn the leftovers in the fire; it may not be eaten since it is holy."
3) [line 31] V'EIMA L'YACHUDEI LEI LAV L'GUFEI, HU D'ASA - perhaps the verse
(Vayikra 6:23) was written to teach that if one eats the meat of Korbenos
Chatas Chitzonos whose blood was brought into the Beis ha'Mikdash, he
4) [line 32] EIN LOKIN AL LAV SHEBI'CHELALOS (One does not receive Malkos
for a general prohibition)
If one Lav prohibits many different acts, one who transgresses one of the
prohibitions does not receive Malkos for his action. Malkos is administered
only when a Lav prohibits just one specific type of sin.
5) [line 32] "V'HA'BASAR ASHER YIGA B'CHOL TAMEI LO YE'ACHEL, BA'ESH
YISAREF; V'HA'BASAR, KOL TAHOR YOCHAL BASAR" - "Any [sacrificial] flesh that
comes in contact with something Tamei may not be eaten; it must be burned in
fire" (Vayikra 7:19)
6) [line 35] MA'ASER (MA'ASER SHENI)
(a) After Terumah Gedolah (see Background to Eruvin 31:9:a) is removed from
a crop, the first tithe to be given every year is called Ma'aser Rishon. One
tenth of the produce must be given to a Levi.
(b) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been
separated. The second tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years
of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(c) During the first, second, fourth and fifth years the second tithe is
Ma'aser Sheni. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by
its owner in Yerushalayim. Alternatively, Ma'aser Sheni produce may be
redeemed, and the money used to redeem it is brought to Yerushalayim. Food
that is bought with that money in Yerushalayim becomes Kodesh like Ma'aser
Sheni and must be eaten b'Taharah.
7) [line 35] "[V']LO VI'ARTI MIMENU B'TAMEI" - "I have not consumed any of
it (Ma'aser Sheni) while Tamei" (Devarim 26:14)
8) [line 36] EIN MAZHIRIN MIN HA'DIN
(a) A person is only liable to Malkos mid'Oraisa if he transgresses a *Lav*
("Azharah") of the Torah that is punishable by Malkos (e.g. that is not a
Lav shebi'Chelalos, or a Lav she'Nitak l'Aseh, etc.). A prohibition that is
implied by a positive commandment is never punishable by Malkos.
(b) Similarly, a person is only liable to the death penalty for an action
that is prohibited by a negative commandment, as stated by Chazal, "Lo Anash
Ela Im Ken Hizhir" (Yoma 81a).
(c) Even though a Kal va'Chomer (a fortiori argument) is one of the thirteen
methods for extracting the Halachah from the verses of the Torah, the
Halachos that are learned from them are not considered Azharos such that
they may make a person liable to Malkos or the death penalty. An Azharah
must be explicit in the Torah as a negative commandment or must be learned
through a Hekesh or Gezerah Shavah. What is learned through these methods is
considered as though it were explicitly mentioned (since they cannot be
refuted based on logical grounds, like a Kal va'Chomer.)
9) [last line] PUTISA - a small non-Kosher fish or reptile
10) [last line] NEMALAH - an ant
11) [line 1] TZIR'AH - a hornet
12) [line 8] TUM'AS HA'GUF
(a) Regarding a *person* who became Tamei the Pasuk states, "b'Chol Kodesh
Lo Siga," (Vayikra 12:4) from which we learn that it is forbidden for a
person who is Tamei to eat Kodshim.
(b) The punishment for transgressing this Lav intentionally is Kares. If one
transgresses it unintentionally he must bring a Korban Oleh v'Yored. (Sefer
ha'Chinuch Mitzvah #167)
13) [line 9] TUM'AS BASAR
If an animal of Kodshim becomes Tamei, its meat is forbidden to be eaten as
it states, "veha'Basar Asher Yiga b'Chol Tamei Lo Ye'achel." (Vayikra 7:19).
The punishment for eating meat that is Tamei intentionally is Malkos. (Sefer
14) [line 12] CHELEV CHAI - raw Chelev
15) [line 23] EIN SOFGIM ES HA'ARBA'IM - one does not receive 40 [- 1 = 39]
16) [line 25] TUTIM - berries
17) [line 29] ZEI'AH B'ALMA HU - it is merely a secretion of the fruit
18) [line 30] KIL'EI HA'KEREM
It is forbidden to plant different types of crops together as it states in
the Torah, "Sadecha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim," - "Do not plant different species
(together) in your field." (Vayikra 19:19), and "Lo Sizra Karmecha Kil'ayim,
Pen Tikdash ha'Melei'ah ha'Zera Asher Tizra u'Sevu'as ha'Karem." - "You
shall not sow your vineyard with other species, lest the fruit of the seed
which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be forfeited." (Devarim
22:9). If one sows Kil'ayim, the produce becomes prohibited ('Kidesh,' from
the word in the verse, 'Tikdash').
19) [line 34] "[LO SOCHELU CHOL NEVEILAH, LA'GER ASHER BI'SHARECHA TITENANAH
VA'ACHALAH O MACHOR L'NACHRI,] KI AM KADOSH ATAH [LA'SH-M ELOKECHA, LO
SEVASHEL GEDI BA'CHALEV IMO.]" - "[You shall not eat anything that dies by
itself. You shall give it to the stranger who is in your gates, that he may
eat it. Or you may sell it to a non-Jew,] for you are a holy people [to
HaSh-m, your Lord. You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk.]" (Devarim
20) [line 35] "V'ANSHEI KODESH TIHEYUN LI, [U'VASAR BA'SADEH TREIFAH LO
SOCHEILU, LA'KELEV TASHLICHUN OSO.]" - "And you shall be holy men to Me.
[You shall not eat any meat that is torn by the beasts in the field; you
shall cast it to the dogs.]" (Shemos 22:30)