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Previous dafPesachim 107
We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, Rav B. Rensburg
and the parenthetical marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is
devoted to any *OTHER* changes that we feel ought to be made in Gemara,
Rashi or Tosfos.)
 Gemara 107a [line 39]:
The words "*Mat'imas* Yayin Kol Shehu"
should be "*u'Te'imas* Yayin Kol Shehu"
(RABEINU CHANANEL -- see Dikdukei
 Rashbam 107b DH Sof Sof Mai Revusei:
The words "*she'Gamar* Se'udaso b'Soch Zeman Isurei"
should be "*she'Yigmor* Se'udaso b'Soch Zeman Isurei"
(Mefarshim; OZ V'HADAR
edition of Maseches Pesachim)
1) [line 12] SHICHRA - beer
2) [line 12] U'VAS TAVAS - and he went to sleep without eating
3) [line 16] CHAMAR MEDINAH - the staple beverage of the country (in place
*4*) [line 21] MAHU L'KIDUSHEI A'SHICHRA - may one use beer for Kidush if it
is the "Chamar Medinah" (RASHBAM, see Insights).
5) [line 22] PIRZUMA - barley beer
6) [line 23] ASINEI - a beer made from the fruit of shrubbery, e.g.
7) [line 30] SHICHRA BAR TELEISAR MAGNEI - a date beer made by pouring the
same water over thirteen basins of crushed dates in succession
8) [line 30] BASIM TUVA - very sweet, tasty
*9*) [line 31] KEGON ZEH RA'UY L'KADESH ALAV - this is such a praiseworthy
drink that it may be used for Kidush instead of wine (that is, a truly tasty
dring may be used for Kidush even when it is not the Chamar Medinah, see
10) [line 32] MEYASRAN U'MEFAYES? - [can something that] afflicts us also
appease HaSh-m (by saying Kidush over it)?
11) [line 33] MEI ZURYON - water in which flax has been soaked
12) [line 33] SHAKYUSEI - his beverage
13) [line 34] RAV, ASHKECHEI RAV HUNA - Rav Huna found Rav
14a) [line 35] SHARI ABA - Rav began
b) [line 35] L'MIKNEI ISTIREI MI'SHICHRA - (lit. to acquire silver coins
with beer) to earn a livelihood by making beer and selling it
15) [line 39] (MAT'IMAS) [U'TE'IMAS] YAYIN - and the amount of wine that has
to be tasted
16) [line 39] MELO LUGMA - the amount of wine that can fill one cheek
17a) [line 43] MINCHAH GEDOLAH - the time when the sun (noticeably) begins
to rest (Nachah) and its light begins to wane, i.e. half-an-hour after
midday (see Ramban, Shmos 12:6). In the Beis ha'Mikdash, Minchah Gedolah
corresponds to the beginning of the time that the Tamid Shel Bein ha'Arbayim
(daily afternoon sacrifice) could be offered
b) [last line] MINCHAH KETANAH - the end of the day, before the sun begins
to set. Minchah Ketanah begins at nine and one half Sha'os Zemaniyos
(Halachic hours - a Sha'ah Zemanis is the amount of time between sunrise and
sunset divided by 12) of the day
18) [line 4] AGRIPAS HA'MELECH - King Agrippa (the last king of Israel),
grandson of King Herod, who ruled between the years 41-44 CE. Agrippa was a
pious and benevolent king.
19) [line 14] MINEI TARGIMA - (a) dessert (dried or cooked fruits, etc.)
(RASHI Yuma79b, Sukah 27a); (b) fruit and meat, eaten without bread
(RASHBAM); (c) matzoballs (ROSH, according to the Korban Nesanel 19:90)
20) [line 15] BENEI ME'AYIN - intestines
21) [line 17] "NIRU LACHEM NIR; V'AL TEZRE'U EL KOTZIM" - "Plow your fallow
ground, and sow not among thorns" (Yirmeyahu 4:3) - In this verse, the
prophet Yimeyahu teaches the people a parable for Teshuvah (repentance). A
farmer must plow his field to remove the roots of wild grasses and thorns
before he is able to plant successfully. So, too, must a person search his
heart to uproot the sources of sin that are embedded therein before he can
do Teshuvah. The Gemara, however, uses this verse as a hint that certain
types of food build an appetite and should be used on Erev Pesach to prepare
for the Mitzvos of the Seder night (which may be the only Mitzvos mid'Oraisa
that we have left today that require eating).
22) [line 19] MA'ALEI YOMA D'FISCHA - Erev Pesach, the day preceding the
night of Pesach
23) [line 19] D'NIGREREI L'LIBEI - so that it should give him an appetite