ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 100
(a) When Rebbi Yirmiyah quoting Rebbi Yochanan, rules like Rebbi Yehudah by
Erev Pesach (implying that Rebbi Yossi *argues*) - he is referring, not to
the prohibition of beginning a meal (with which Rebbi Yossi agrees), but
with interrupting a meal which they begun eating be'Heter - before Minchah;
according to Rebbi Yehudah, they are obligated to stop eating when Shabbos
enters, to remove the table and to recite Birchas ha'Mazon, before bringing
it in specially in honor of the Shabbos. Rebbi Yossi disagrees - according
to him, one just continues eating when Shabbos enters.
(b) With regard to starting a meal on Erev Shabbos Samuch le'Minchah - Rebbi
Yirmiyah rules like Rebbi Yossi, that one is permitted to do so right up to
(a) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel wanted to rule stringently on Erev Shabbos - to
stop eating and remove the table like Rebbi Yehudah - even though Rebbi
Yossi was present. That is why Rebbi Yossi exclaimed in surprise "ha'Gam
Lichbosh es ha'Malkah Imi ba'Bayis"? 'Do you want to rule against me even in
my presence' - in spite of the fact that he always followed the opinion of
Rebbi Yossi (whenever he argued with an individual)?
(b) 'Berivi' means Gadol ha'Dor.
(c) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel accepted Rebbi Yossi's protest - because he
only really intended to be *Machmir* like Rebbi Yehudah (not to rule like
him), and, he conceded that, by being Machmir in front of Rebbi Yossi, he
was encouraging the disciples to assume that the *Halachah* was like Rebbi
(a) Shmuel rules that someone who is eating when Shabbos enters - must
spread a cloth over the bread and recite Kidush, but does not need to remove
the table and recite Birchas ha'Mazon.
(b) Basically, Shmuel holds like Rebbi Yossi - only he is Machmir to require
Kidush there and then (see also Tosfos DH 'Ela Po'res Mapah').
(c) When Shmuel says 'Ke'shem she'Mafsikin le'Kiddush, Kach Mafsikin
le'Havdalah' - he means that one must cover the bread and recite Kidush and
Havdalah - respectively (so that the bread 'should not be ashamed' that one
recites a Berachah over *the wine* and not over *it*. The Rashbam will later
explain that we cover the bread, to compensate the original Minhag of not
bringing the table until after Kidush (see 4d.)
(d) The Gemara thought that 'Mafsikin' means - removing the table and
reciting Birchas ha'Mazon (like we explained it before on the previous
(a) It was Friday night after they had returned from Shul and had not yet
eaten, that Rabah bar Rav Huna was sitting in the Resh Galusa's house, and
they brought in the table.
We explain the Beraisa which says ...
(b) What they *should* have done, was to recite Kidush first, and then to
bring in the table with the bread on it.
(c) Rabah bar Rav Huna then covered the bread with a cloth and recited
(d) Today, we 'bring in the table' with the bread *before* Kidush - because
our tables are too large to carry in and out (formerly, each person used to
eat at his own small table, next to which he would recline on a couch.
1. ... 've'Shavin she'Ein Maschilin' - by Erev Pesach after Minchah Ketanah,
where Rebbi Yossi agrees with Rebbi Yehudah that it is forbidden to begin
2. ... 'Shavin she'Maschilin' - to Erev Shabbos and Yom-Tov - before the
beginning of the tenth hour, where Rebbi Yehudah agrees that it is
permitted to begin, and, having begun be'Heter, they may continue to eat