ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 112
PESACHIM 112 - this Daf has been dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of
(a) Someone who always places ...
1. ... his hand on his mustache (or in that location) - will be afraid of
the Evil Spirit (i.e. demons).
(b) One should refrain from drinking water on Tuesday night and Friday night
- if there is no light.
2. ... his hand on his forehead - will be constantly sleepy.
3. ... food under his bed - will find that his food becomes hexed (even if
it encased in a metal container).
(c) The 'Shiv'ah Kolos' - is a reference to Kapitel 29 of Tehilim ("Mizmor
le'David"), which contains seven times the word "Kol" ("Kol Hashem Al
(d) Besides an incantation ('Lul Shafan Anigron' etc.), if there is someone
with him, he should arouse him and say 'so-and-so the son of so-and-so, I am
thirsty'; If not, he can shake the lid of a barrel or throw something into
the barrel and then drink.
(a) One should refrain from drinking water from rivers and pools at night-
time - because of the danger of being attacked by the demon called Shavriri.
(b) A thirsty person who has no companion - says 'So-and-so, my mother told
me to be wary of Shavriri; Shavriri, Beriri, Riri, Yeri, Ri. I am thirsty
for water in a white cup'.
(a) The author of our Mishnah is Rebbi Akiva, who says that a person should
rather make his Shabbos a weekday than come on to people for help.
Consequently, we may have thought that here too, a man who is so poor that
he has to receive from the soup-kitchen, should avoid receiving four cups of
wine. Therefore the Tana needs to inform us that, even according to Rebbi
Akiva, he should accept four cups for each member of the family - because of
'Pirsumei Nisa' (the Mitzvah to publicize the miracle - which over-rides
Rebbi Akiva's principle).
(b) Rebbi Yehudah ben Teima says: 'Be as bold as a leopard (to pursue
Mitzvos even above your means), as swift as an eagle (to shut one's eyes in
order to avoid seeing evil), as fleet as a deer (in performing Mitzvos) and
as strong as a lion (to vanquish the Yeitzer ha'Ra) - to do the will of your
Father in Heaven'.
(a) A person should not ...
1. ... learn in a public-place - because he will be constantly disturbed by
(b) One should eat ...
2. ... live in a town that is run by Talmidei-Chachamim - because they are
too busy learning to tend to the town's affairs.
3. ... enter one's *own* home without warning (and certainly not *someone
else's*) - because the members of his household might be doing something
discreet, and will be embarrassed to be caught by surprise.
4. ... go without shoes - because it is considered a disgrace to walk around
(c) One should enter into business with partners who are currently enjoying
a run of success.
- ... in the summer - before the sun comes up.
- ... in the winter - before it gets cold.
(d) We learn from the Pasuk in Iyov "Ma'aseh Yadav Berachta", that anyone
who received a Perutah from Iyov was blessed. The Gemara proves from there
that the previous case incorporates entering into a partnership, and is not
confined to buying from him or selling to him.
(a) Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai threatened Rebbi Akiva that, if he would not
teach him Torah, he would tell his father, who would then inform the
authorities (it is unclear what he intended to divulge).
(b) Rebbi Akiva answered him that more than the calf wants to drink, the cow
wants to feed (i.e. that his desire to teach was even greater than Rebbi
Shimon's desire to learn - meaning that if he refused to teach Rebbi Shimon,
it was only because he did not wish Rebbi Shimon to be caught studying
Torah, like *he* was.
(c) 'u'Mi be'Sakanah', Rebbi Shimon replied. 'It is I who want to learn and
who is in danger for not studying Torah' (like Rebbi Akiva himself told
Papus - in Berachos 63b); 'And I', he meant to say, 'am willing to take the
(a) 'Im Bikashta Leichanek, Hitaleh be'Ilan Gadol' - means that, if one
wants to say something that will be accepted by everyone, he should learn by
a great sage, and repeat his sayings in his name.
(b) It is important to teach one's children from a corrected Sefer - because
once an error creeps in to one's mind, it is very difficult to eradicate it.
(c) One should avoid marrying a divorcee during the life-time of her
previous husband - because Mar said that when two divorcees marry, there are
four people in the bed. Why is that? Because each one inevitably thinks
about his previous spouse (who is still alive).
(d) Some say that one should even avoid marrying a widow - because she may
have derived more pleasure from her *first* husband, with the result that
she will now despise *him* (her second one).
1. 'Mitzvah ve'Guf Gadol' - is lending someone money against a security of
land from which the creditor is permitted to benefit, and which is deducted
from the loan (known as 'Mashkanta de'Sura'). This is a great favor towards
the debtor, who has the advantage of a loan of cash, whilst having to
repaying it on the easiest of terms.
2. 'Mitzvah ve'Guf Tahor' - is someone whose wife has died and, although he
has already fulfilled the Mitzvah of 'P'ru u'Revu', he marries again.
(a) Living in Shechantziv was inadvisable - because they were mockers
(people who wasted their time with pursuits not connected with Torah).
(b) When Rebbi instructed his sons not to sleep on the bed of a gentile
women, he may have meant ...
1. ... exactly what he said - due to the possibility of gentiles placing
their dead babies underneath the sheets, and then accusing the Jew of having
murdered him (as happened many years later with Rav Papa) - apparently, this
was not an uncommon strategy (similar to the blood-libel, that would recur
centuries later, generation after generation).
(c) He also commanded them to avoid ...
2. ... that they should not marry a convert - because until ten generations,
a convert is still attached to his roots (as Chazal have said 'Until ten
generations, do not despise a gentile in the presence of a convert').
1. ... paying customs duties - because he may get caught and everything that
he owns will be confiscated (presumably Rebbi was speaking in a case when
there was no likelihood of Chilul Hashem, which is a far more serious
2. ... a black ox in Nisan, when it comes up from the meadow - because 'the
Satan dances between its horns'.
(a) One is advised to leave a distance of at least fifty Amos between
oneself and a Shor Tam, but as far as the eye can see from a Shor Mu'ad.
(b) Rebbi Meir advised anyone who sees the head of an ox among the palm-
trees - to climb up to the roof and to pull the ladder up after him.
(c) The incantation to stop an ox from goring is 'Hein Hein', a lion from
charging 'Zeh Zeh', and a camel from attacking 'Da Da', and the jingle used
when pulling a boat is 'Hilni, Hiya, Hila, Hilak'. According to the Rashbam,
these are all not incantations, but the natural way to frighten away the
beasts or to make them work.
(d) Each of the following cause leprosy: Someone who sleeps on skins before
they are completed; someone who eats Shivuta fish in Nisan; the remainder of
'Kasa de'Harsena' (a cup containing a preparation of small fish); hot water
that one pours on to one's skin; someone who steps on egg-shells and washed
clothes within eight days (which are subject to white lice).
(a) Rav Papa said that one should not enter a house bare-footed, where there
is a cat - because cats kill and eat snakes, and one might step on a very
small snake-bone, which enters the skin and cannot be extracted.
(b) In the second version of Rav Papa's statement, he warns against entering
a house where there is no cat in the dark - because a snake (e.g. a python)
might wrap itself around him before he realizes it.
(a) Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi commanded Rebbi three things:
1. ... make a Din Torah with three people - because they are likely to
appoint two of themselves as witnesses, and the third as the litigant.
(b) He also forbade him to be with his wife the night she Toveled - because,
since she saw blood (and now has a Chazakah of seeing blood), there is a
good chance that, although after seven days she is Tehorah, she might just
see again that night during Tashmish (i.e. the first sighting of Zivus).
2. ... stand looking at an article for sale if one has no money with which
to buy it - because whilst he is admiring the article, other potential
customers are unable to examine it.
This is not applicable nowadays, seeing as the women require seven clean
days. (In any case, it is no more than a Chumra, because how can a Chazakah
of Nidus carry over into the period of Zivus)
(c) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah also commanded Rebbi three things: Not to go
out alone on Tuesday and Friday nights, because Igras bas Machalas with her
18,000 destructive angels (each one of which has the power to damage) are
out and about.
(d) One should not enter a new bath-house for the first twelve months after
it opens - because the floor might cave in, and one will fall into the
cistern of water below and drown.
(a) Someone who ...
(b) The same will happen to someone who is intimate with his wife when there
is a small child who is less than twelve months old asleep on the same bed.
- ... stands in front of a light, naked - will become an epileptic.
- ... is intimate with his wife by the light of a lamp - will have children who are epileptics.
(c) The above only applies if the baby is sleeping at the foot of the bed,
but not if he is sleeping at the head.
(d) It is permitted anyway - if one places one's hand on the baby's head.
(a) Igras Bas Machalas once met Rebbi Chanina ben Dosa. She told him that
had they not decreed in Heaven that she is to leave him alone, she would
have killed him. To which he replied that, since he was held in such high
esteem in Heaven, he duly decreed that she be banished from inhabited
country forever. When she pleaded with him to leave her some leeway, he
allowed her Tuesday and Friday nights.
(b) Abaye finished what Rebbi Chanina ben Dosa began - he banished her from
inhabited country completely.
(c) They referred to Abaye as 'Nachmeini' - because he was brought up by
Rabah bar Nachmeini.
(d) They thought that Igras and her retinue continued to pass through
residential areas after that episode - but really they were only going to
retrieve their horses, which had run away into inhabited country.