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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 32


(a) A Zar (a non-Kohen) is Chayav Keren ve'Chomesh for eating Terumah be'Shogeg, from the Pasuk "ve'Ish Ki Yochal Kodesh bi'Shegagah".
Will he be Chayav if he ...
  1. ... drinks it?
  2. ... anoints himself with it?
(b) Will he be Chayav if he eats Terumah Temei'ah?

(c) He is even Chayav 'Chumsha de'Chumsha'.
What does this mean, and what is the Chidush?

(a) Assuming that one holds 'Le'fi Midah Meshalem', does it follow that he may pay the same volume of fruit as he ate, even though it has now gone down in value?

(b) How then, might the Sha'aleh affect the amount that he pays?

(a) The Beraisa says that if a Zar ate dried figs of Terumah be'Shogeg, and paid with dates, he deserves to be blessed.
How does the Gemara try to prove from here that 'Le'fi Midah Meshalem'?

(b) How does the Gemara refute that, and explain the Beraisa even if 'Le'fi Damim Meshalem'?

(a) Earlier, we established that the Tana of our Mishnah holds in the Reisha ('ha'Ochel Terumas Chametz ba'Pesach, be'Shogeg, Meshalem Keren ve'Chomesh') 'Le'fi Midah Meshalem, and in the Seifa ('be'Meizid, Patur' ...), 'Le'fi Damim Meshalem'. The Tana could also hold 'Le'fi Damim Meshalem' - even in the Reisha, by establishing him like Rebbi Yossi Hagelili.
What does this mean? What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say?

(b) And how would we then have to establish the Seifa, seeing as Chametz is Mutar be'Hana'ah? Why would he then be Patur from paying?

(c) How will we now interpret 'be'Shogeg' in the Reisha, by Terumah, by Chametz or by both?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri obligates a Zar who eats Terumas Chametz on Pesach be'Shogeg to pay, like we learnt in our Mishnah. Rebbi Akiva exempts him from paying.
Why is that? Why should he be less Chayav to pay than he is during the rest of the year, when Terumah Temei'ah is also forbidden?

(b) Why does Rebbi Akiva compare it to someone who eats Terumah Temei'ah of berries or grapes?

(c) Does the Terumas Chametz mentioned in a. also pertain to fruit that he separated on Pesach after it was already Chametz?

(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri counter when Rebbi Akiva asked him why a Zar who eats Terumas Chametz on Pesach should be Chayav, because 'what benefit could the Kohen have possibly derived from it'?

(b) How does Abaye derive from here that Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri agrees with Rebbi Akiva that Chametz is Asur be'Hana'ah, only he holds 'Le'fi Midah Meshalem', and not like Rebbi Elazar Chisma, who gave a different answer when Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov asked him the same question?

(c) What was Rebbi Elazar Chisma's answer?

(d) Like which Tana does he hold?

Answers to questions



(a) The Tana Kama of the Beraisa obligates a Zar to pay the principle plus a fifth for eating a *k'Zayis* of Terumah be'Shogeg.
What does Aba Shaul hold?

(b) Aba Shaul derives his opinion from the Pasuk in Emor "*ve'Nasan* la'Kohen es ha'Kodesh".
What does the Tana Kama learn from "ve'Nasan"?

(c) The Tana Kama, on the other hand, learns from the word "Yochal".
What does Aba Shaul learn from there?

(a) The Beraisa exempts a Zar who eats less than a k'Zayis of Terumah from paying the extra fifth.
Does this speak even if it was worth a Perutah, or not?

(b) The Rabanan of Rav Papa maintained that this Beraisa could not possibly hold like Aba Shaul (according to whom the criterion for the Chomesh is a Shaveh perutah).
How did Rav Papa attempt to justify the Beraisa even according to Aba Shaul?

(c) What forced Rav Papa to retract from this point of view?

(d) Even the Rabbanan of Aba Shaul concede that the Shiur for *Me'ilah* is the value of a Perutah, and not a k'Zayis.
Why is that?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Chat'ah bi'Shegagah" (by Me'ilah)?

(b) The Beraisa suggests that we could have learned this from a 'Kal va'Chomer'.
Which 'Kal va'Chomer'?

(c) The Gemara answers this by referring to the Chumra by Me'ilah of Mi'sah Bi'yedei Shamayim. But only a moment ago we presumed Kares to be more stringent than Misah?
How do we establish the Kashya (thereby justifying the need for the Pasuk)? Which case of Mi'sah is the Beraisa referring to?

Answers to questions
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