REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 45
(a) The Rabbanan learn 'Ta'am k'Ikar' from "Mishras", and all other Isurim
in the Torah from a Kal va'Chomer from Nazir.
Why does Rebbi Akiva not use
the same Kal va'Chomer to extend 'Heter Mitztaref le'Isur' to all Isurim in
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "Kol Asher Yiga *bi'Vesarah*
(c) If a piece of Shelamim touched fat of a Kasher Chatas (see Mosaf Rashi)
- one of which was hot, which three Chumros would it now adopt?
(a) Why do the Rabbanan require *two* Pesukim ("Mishras" by Nazir, and "Kol
Asher Yiga" etc. by Chatas)? Why are they not considered 'Sh'nei Kesuvim
(b) Rebbi Akiva, on the other hand, *does* consider them 'Sh'nei Kesuvim
Why is that?
(c) According to him, which of the two Pesukim is superfluous?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Naso "mi'Kol Asher Ye'aseh mi'Gefen
The Rabbanan of Rebbi Eliezer, who exempt Kutach ha'Bavli from Kares, hold
that 'Ta'am k'Ikar' is only mid'Rabbanan.
(b) According to Rebbi Akiva who learns Heter Mitztaref le'Isur, why do we
need this Pasuk? Why is it not a Kal va'Chomer from *Heter Mitztaref
Why should it not be d'Oraysa,
either from Gi'ulei Nochrim (like Rebbi Akiva) or from "Mishras" (like the
(a) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, is one obligated to destroy the
dough from the cracks of a dish?
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel restrict the obligation to destroy it
still further? What leniency can we deduce from his words?
(c) In the second Lashon, he confines the leniency in the Seifa, which
permits retaining less than a k'Zayis, to when the dough was put there to
strengthen the dish, but not when it was not.
What stringency can we
deduce from that?
(a) How did Rav Huna resolve the two contradictory Beraisos, one which held
like the *first* Lashon of Shmuel, the other, like the *second*?
(b) Rav Yosef disagrees. According to him, it is simply a Machlokes
Tana'im - Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar and the Tana Kama of the Beraisa. The Tana
Kama says that a block of yeast that has gone bad must nevertheless be
Why is that?
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar say? In which point does he disagree
with the Tana Kama?
(d) Abaye queries Rav Yosef's explanation, because, he says, 'Tiratzta
bi'Kezayis, she'Lo bi'Kezayis, Mi Tiratzta?'
What does he mean to ask?
(a) Abaye therefore establishes both Beraisos according to Rebbi Shimon ben
In that case, why does the second Beraisa advocate getting rid of
less than a k'Zayis of dough in a location that is 'Ein Asuy Lechazek',
whereas the first Beraisa permits him to retain it?
(b) What definition does Rav Ashi add to the area of she'Lo be'Makom
Lishah', and why is that not obvious?
(a) Rav Nachman quoting Rav, rules like Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar.
this clash with Rav Yitzchak bar Ashi, who, also quoting Rav, rules 'Im Tach
Paneha be'Tit, Batlah'?
(b) How does the Gemara deal with this discrepancy?
(c) When will two half-k'Zeisim in a dish combine to make up a k'Zayis, and
when will they not? To which part of the dish does this apply?
(d) What will be the din if the two half-k'Zeisim are found on the floor of
a house, and why should there be a difference?
(a) The Gemara is not certain what the Din will be by two half k'Zeisim that
are found, one on one storey, and the other, on another storey, or half a
k'Zayis in a room and half a k'Zayis in an adjoining porch.
What is the
Gemara's third Sha'aleh?
(b) Are the three Sha'alos one and the same, are they three independant
Sha'alos, or are they dependant one on the other?
(a) At which stage does moldy bread lose its status of bread ...
(b) In which point does Rebbi Nasan disagree with the Tana Kama?
- ... regarding Tum'as Ochlin (according to the Tana Kama)?
- ... regarding the prohibition of burning Terumah Tehorah together Terumah Temei'ah?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, how long before Pesach will a tanner need to
place flour into a tanning-bowl, before it becomes so smelly that it is no
longer necessary to destroy it? Will it make any difference whether there
are already skins in the bowl or not?
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Nasan hold?
(c) Like whom is the Halachah? Does it make any difference how close to
Pesach the flour is placed in the bowl?