REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 47
(a) Lechem ha'Panim is normally baked on Friday, and eaten on Shabbos, the
ninth day after it was baked.
When is it eaten ...
(b) If Rosh Hashanah fell on Thursday and Friday, how could they eat the
Lechem ha'Panim on the eleventh day after baking? Wasn't that Yom Kipur?
- ... on the tenth day?
- ... on the eleventh day?
(c) According to Rev Chisda, who holds 'Tzorchei Shabbos Na'asin be'Yom-
Tov', why could they not bake the Lechem ha'Panim on Yom-Tov, since there
remains only an Isur de'Rabbanan, and most Isurim de'Rabbanan did not apply
in the Beis Hamikdash?
(d) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben
ha'S'gan, and what is his reason?
(a) On what two possible days were the Sh'tei ha'Lechem eaten?
Rav Chisda answers that the Sh'tei ha'Lechem may not be baked because of the
Pasuk in Bo "Lachem" - 've'Lo li'Gavo'ah'. What does Raban Shimon ben
Gamliel, who permits even a Shevus Rechokah (see above, 1d) do with
(b) How is this a Kashya on Rav Chisda, who holds 'Tzorchei Shabbos Na'asin
(c) Why is it not a Kashya on Rabah, who holds that cooking on Shabbos is
permitted because of 'Ho'il'?
Answers to questions
(a) The Mishnah in Makos lists a case of someone who is Chayav eight La'avin
with one action: He plows with an ox and a donkey both of which are Hekdesh.
Simultaneously he sows Kil'ayim in a vineyard, it is Yom-Tov in the
Shemitah-year, and it is a field which contains graves and he is both a
Kohen and a Nazir.
What does Rav Chisda ask on Rabah (who holds of Ho'il)
from the Chiyuv of plowing on Yom-Tov?
(b) On what grounds does the Gemara reject the answer that the Tana is
speaking about a field which consists predominantly of sharp stones?
(c) Since when is grinding permitted on Yom-Tov?
(d) How does the Gemara finally reject the contention that we are talking
about a rocky field?
(a) So Mar bar Rav Ashi establishes the Beraisa by muddy land, which cannot
be used for Kisuy ha'Dam.
Why does the Gemara reject this suggestion?
(b) How does the Gemara finally establish the Mishnah?
(a) The Beraisa cites a case of someone who, for cooking a Gid ha'Nasheh in
milk on Yom-Tov and eats it, receives five Malkos: 1. for cooking Gid
ha'Nasheh on Yom-Tov; 2. for eating Gid ha'Nasheh; 3. for cooking meat
together with milk ; 4. for eating it; 5. for making a fire on Yom-Tov.
What is the Kashya on Rabah (who holds 'Ho'il) from this Beraisa?
(b) On what grounds does the Gemara reject the suggestion to replace making
a fire with that of eating Gid ha'Nasheh of Neveilah?
(c) We then attempt to dispense with the Kashya on Rabah, by establishing
that the fuel that was used was wood from Muktzah.
How does that answer
(d) What is 'Atzei Muktzah', and what Isur d'Oraysa do we think it involves
(from which Pasuk is the warning derived)?
(a) The Pasuk in Yechezkel speaks about which animals one may declare
Hekdesh as Korbanos.
How does Rav Chisda (or Rav Huna) learn from the word
(b) He learns from "*Min* ha'Tzon" that a Palgas cannot be declared Hekdesh.
- ... "Seh" that one cannot declare a Bechor, Hekdesh?
- ... "Achas" that one cannot declare an animal of Ma'aser Beheimah, Hekdesh?
What is a Palgas?
(c) Rav Chisda (or Rav Huna) also explains "Min ha'Masayim" (with regard to
the Nesachim) to mean 'mi'Mosar Sh'tei Mei'os she'Nishtayru be'Bor'.
does this mean? What does he learn from here?
(d) And what does he learn from "mi'Mashkeh Yisrael" - 'min ha'Mutar
(a) Is one Chayav Malkos for Shechting a Muktzah lamb as a Korban Tamid?
What constitutes a Muktzah lamb?
(b) On what basis does Rav Chisda (or Rav Huna) decline to include Muktzah
among the Isurim from which an animal cannot be declared Hekdesh -
(c) How does this contradict what Rabah said earlier regarding Muktzah? What
does all this have to do with Rabah?
(d) What does Abaye also ask Rabah from 'Chiluk Melachos le'Shabbos, ve'Ein
Chiluk Melachos le'Yom-Tov?
(a) We then try to replace making a fire on Yom-Tov with a case of making a
fire with wood of an Asheirah (which is Asur from the Pasuk in Re'ei "ve'Lo
Yidbak be'Yadcha Me'umah min ha'Cherem".
Answers to questions
What is the problem with that?
(b) What do we finally insert in the Beraisa in place of making a fire?