REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 93
(a) Rav Sheshes proves that an O'nes who sends a Sheli'ach to bring the
Pesach on his behalf, is not Yotze, from Rebbi Akiva.
What does Rebbi
Akiva say in a Beraisa with regard to the fact that the Torah compares Tamei
and Derech Rechokah?
(b) How does Rav Nachman refute this proof?
(a) The Tana of the Beraisa explains that the Torah needs to obligate
specifically Derech Rechokah (as an example of O'nes), to bring the Pesach
Sheini, to teach us that he is Patur from Kares (which Meizid is not).
What is the proof that the Tana of this Beraisa holds like Rav Nachman in
the previous Sugya?
(b) How do we reconcile the Beraisa which lists Nidos and Zavos among those
who are obligated to bring the Pesach Sheini, with the Beraisa which lists
only Zavin and Bo'alei Nidos, but not Zavos and Nidos?
(a) 'Chayav Kares Al ha'Rishon, ve'Chayav Kares Al ha'Sheini, Divrei Rebbi'.
This means that someone who is Meizid on either the Pesach Rishon or the
Pesach Sheini and Shogeg on the other, is Chayav Kares.
What is the other
ramification of Rebbi's statement?
(b) It is obvious why it cannot mean that one is Chayav Kares twice.
why can it not mean that someone who negates both Pesachim, is obligated to
bring two Chata'os?
(c) Rav Nasan holds that the Chiyuv Kares is confined to Pesach Rishon, but
not to Pesach Sheini.
What does Rebbi Chananya ben Akavya say?
(a) Rebbi and Rebbi Nasan argue over whether a convert who converted or a
Katan who became a Gadol between the two Pesachim, is obligated to bring the
Pesach Sheini or not.
What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(b) What is the basis of Rebbi Chananyah ben Akavya's opinion (in 3c)?
(a) The Pasuk in Beha'aloscha says "ve'ha'Ish Asher Hu Tahor, u'va'Derech Lo
Hayah, ve'Chadal La'asos ha'Pesach, ve'Nichresah ... Ki Korban Hashem Lo
Answers to questions
How does Rebbi explain ...
(b) Rebbi Nasan translates the word "*Ki* Korban Hashem Lo Hikriv be'Mo'ado"
in this Pasuk as 'because'. How does he ...
- ... the word *"Ki*"?
- ... the conclusion of the Pasuk - "*Chet'o* Yisa ha'Ish Hahu"? What does he learn from the Gezeirah Shavah from "ve'Nasa *Chet'o*" in Beha'aloscha"?
(c) How does Rebbi Chananyah ben Akavya translate "Ki" and how does he
explain the Pasuk "ve'Chadal La'sos ha'Pesach ve'Nichresah, Ki Korban Hashem
Lo Hikriv be'Mo'ado"?
- ... explain the rest of the phrase?
- ... explain the Gezeirah Shavah "*Chet'o* Yisa" "ve'Nasa Chet'o" (by Megadef es Hashem - seeing as we already know the Chiyuv Kares by Pesach Rishon)?
(d) How does he explain "Chet'o Yisa ha'Ish Hahu"?
It is obvious that someone who *deliberately* fails to bring both Pesachim
is Chayav Kares; *by mistake*, that he is Patur.
What will each of the
three Tana'im hold if he was ...
- ... *Meizid* by the Rishon, and *Shogeg* by the Sheini?
- ... *Shogeg* by the Rishon and *Meizid* by the Sheini?
(a) Rebbi Akiva says that Derech Rechokah refers to someone who has not
reached Modi'in or the equivalent distance from Yerushalayim when the time
of Shechitas ha'Pesach arrives.
How far away is Modi'in from Yerushalayim?
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer hold?
(c) How does Rebbi Yossi prove Rebbi Eliezer right from the dot on the 'Hey'
(a) Up to which time may one sprinkle the blood of the Korban Pesach (or of
any other Korban, for that matter) on the Mizbei'ach?
(b) According to Ula, Modi'in is fifteen Mil away from Yerushalayim.
does the Gemara describe the significance of this statement with regard to
(c) What does the Gemara prove from the Pasuk in Vayeira "ha'Shemesh Yatz'a
Al ha'Aretz, ve'Lot Ba Tzo'arah", and how does it prove it?
(a) Ula learns that Derech Rechokah refers to someone who was unable to
reach Yerushalayim until the termination of the time of Shechitah i.e.
sunset (as we explained earlier).
Answers to questions
What does Rav Yehudah say?
(b) How does Ula reconcile his opinion here with the fact that he said
'Shochtin ve'Zorkin Al Tamei Sheretz', even though he cannot arrive during
the time of Shechitah?
(c) And how do he reconcile Rav Yehudah's opinion here with the fact that
Rav Yehudah himself holds 'Ein Shochtin ve'Zorkin Al Tamei Sheretz', even
though he is able to arrive during the time of Shechitah?
(d) How does Rav Yehudah learn from the Pasuk "Ish Ish Ki Yihye Tamei
la'Nefesh" that 'Ein Shochtin ve'Zorkin al Tamei Sheretz'?