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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Pesachim 98

1) What three things do we learn (with regard to Dichuy - rejection) from the fact that the female lamb (in our Mishnah) and the lamb in its second year, cannot be brought directly as a Shelamim?


(a) The Beraisa states that if the owner of the Pesach died, then, if his son are joint-owners, then he may bring the Pesach; if not, then he brings it as a Shelamim, but only on the sixteenth of Nisan.
Why not on the fifteenth?

(b) Assuming that his father died on the fourteenth, what would be the problem with explaining that he died before mid-day?

(c) Why would establishing the Beraisa when he died *after* mid-day eliminate this problem (two explanation)?

(d) What is the problem with establishing the Beraisa *after* mid-day?

3) Rabah answers that the Beraisa speaks when the father died before mid-day, and 'Im Be'no Memunah Imo, Yevi'enu Leshum Pesach' means his son brings it as a Pesach *Sheini*. Abaye learns 'Litzedadin Katani' (the Reisha and the Seifa speak in different cases - one *after* mid-day, and the other *before* mid-day).
How does Abaye now learn the Beraisa?

4) Each of the following Amora'im establish the Beraisa when the father died *after* mid-day. How does each one explain our Mishnah? According to ...

  1. ... Rav Sheravyah establishes the Beraisa when he was a Goses at mid-day?
  2. ... Rav Ashi establishes the Beraisa like Rebbi Shimon. What does Rebbi Shimon say?
  3. ... Ravina establishes the Beraisa when the father both designated the lamb and died after mid-day?
(a) What does one do if a lamb of a Pesach, a lamb of an Olah and a lamb of an Asham got mixed up?

(b) What does 've'Yafsid ha'Mosar mi'Beiso' mean?

(c) What does Rebbi Shimon say about a Pesach that got mixed up with Bechoros?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rebbi Shimon say with regard to an Asham that got mixed up with a Shelamim?

(b) On what grounds do the Rabbanan disagree with Rebbi Shimon?

(c) What do the Rabbanan propose that one does with Asham that got mixed up with a Shelamim?

(d) Seeing as a Bechor cannot be redeemed (even if it is blemished), what do the Rabbanan rule with regard to a Pesach that got mixed up with a Bechor?

(a) One member of a group who was sent to find the group's lost Pesach lamb and Shecht it on their behalf, did indeed find and Shecht it. In the meantime, the other members gave up waiting and Shechted a second one. Assuming that they knew which lamb was Shechted first, from which one will they all eat ...
  1. ... if the Sheli'ach's lamb was Shechted first?
  2. ... if theirs was Shechted first?
(b) If they do not know which one was Shechted first, then the Sheli'ach eats from his in any event. What do the other members of the group do?

(c) Are they obligated to bring a Pesach Sheini?

(a) Exactly the same will apply in the reverse, if the Sheli'ach asked the members of his group to Shecht on his behalf should he delay (but *they* did not ask *him*), and both he and they Shechted.
What will be the Din when they both asked each other, if ...
  1. ... they know which one was Shechted first?
  2. ... they do not know which one was Shechted first?
(b) What will be the Din if neither asked the other to Shecht on his/their behalf, and they both Shechted a lamb?
(a) If the Pesachim of two groups got mixed up, each takes one of the lambs. What is then the procedure?

(b) Why can they not make the relevant declaration without one person from each group joining the other group?

(c) What do they do if the Pesachim of five groups got mixed up?

(a) If the Pesachim of two individuals got mixed up, what do they then do?

(b) Why do they need to designate a new member? Why can each one not make the relevant declaration and say that in the event of his having taken the lamb that was not originally his ...

  1. ... he withdraws from his own lamb and now designates this one?
  2. ... he first designates the other lamb as his own, and then withdraws from his original one?
Answers to questions
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