REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafPesachim 117
(a) According to Rabah, Merchavyah, is one word. What does he hold with
regard to Haleluyah, Kesyah and Yedidyah?
(b) We do not know what Rav Chisda Amar Rebbi Yochanan holds by Merchavyah.
What does he hold by Haleluyah, Kesyah and Yedidyah?
(c) According to Rav, Kesyah and Yedidyah are one word, Merchavyah is not.
What are the ramifications of this statement?
(d) What does the Gemara prove from the testimony of Rav (that Rebbi Chiya
wrote 'Halelu' on one line, and 'Kah' on the other)?
(a) How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi interpret 'Haleluyah'?
(b) How many expressions of praise does he list in Tehilim?
(c) Which is the greatest of them all, and how does that clash with what he
just said (in a.)?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, who composed Hallel, and when
should it be said?
(b) How does Rebbi Meir explain the Pasuk in Tehilim "Kalu Tefilos David ben
(c) For which two reasons did Rebbi Yossi prefer the explanation of his son
Rebbi Elazar (who attributed Hallel to Moshe and the B'nei Yisrael after
they were saved by the Yam-Suf) to that of his contemporaries (who
attributed it to David Hamelech)?
(d) Why would it have made no sense to compose Hallel at a time when the
image of Michah was being publicly worshipped?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, all the praises of Hashem said by David
Hamelech in Tehilim are personal; according to Rebbi Yehoshua, they are said
in the name of Klal Yisrael.
What compromise do the Chachamim make?
(b) 'Nitzu'ach' and 'Nigun' refer to the future, "Maskil" means that David
said it through an interpreter. What is the difference between "le'David
Mizmor" and "Mizmor le'David"?
(c) What do we learn from here?
(d) Other Tana'im attribute Hallel to Yehoshua, Devorah and Barak,
Chizkiyah, Chananyah, Mishael and Azaryah and to Mordechai and Esther
(always together with Yisrael).
They all agree though, that when Yisrael
said "Lo Lanu Hashem", Hashem gave them the same reply. What was it?
(a) According to Rav Chisda, Haleluyah marks the *end* of a chapter;
according to Rabah bar Rav Huna, it marks the *beginning*.
Answers to questions
kind of chapter is there no dispute?
(b) In the Tehilim of Rav Chanin bar Rav, 'Haleluyah' was always marked as
the middle of the chapter.
Why was that?
(c) There are three paragraphs where even Rav Chisda agrees, that the
Haleluyah that follows is the first word in the following chapter and not
the last word in the previous one. One of them is a very famous Kapitel.
Which one is it?
(a) According to one Beraisa in Beis Shamai, Magid concludes with the words
"Eim ha'Banim Semeichah", and according to another, with "be'Tzeis Yisrael".
In light of the previous Sugya, how do we initially attempt to establish the
(b) How does Rav Chisda (according to whom 'Haleluyah' is the end of the
paragraph) explain the first Beraisa?
(c) What is the difficulty with this explanation?
(d) How does Rabah bar Rav Huna (who holds that 'Haleluyah' is the beginning
of the next paragraph) explain the second Beraisa, and what is difficult
(a) The Berachah of Ge'ulah after the Shema and after the Hagadah is
Why is that of Tefilah '*Go'el* Yisrael'?
(b) Why is the text of a Berachah - 'Asher *Kideshanu* be'Mitzvosav' ... ,
whereas in Tefilah we say '*Kadesheinu* be'Mitzvosecha'?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Shmuel "ve'Asisi Lecha Shem Gadol
Keshem ha'Gedolim Asher ba'Aretz"?
(d) Why do we conclude the Berachah in Tefilah 'Matzmi'ach Keren Yeshu'ah',
rather than 'Magen David' (two reasons)?
(a) What do we learn from the Gezeirah Shavah "Lema'an *Tizkor* es Yom
Tzeischa me'Eretz Mitzrayim" (Re'ei) and "*Zachor* es Yom ha'Shabbos
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Lech Lecha ...
- ... "ve'E'escha le'Goy Gadol"?
- ... "va'Avarechecha"?
- ... "va'Agadlah Shemecha"?
- ... "ve'Heyeh Berachah"?
(a) Why, according to the Elders of Pumbedisa, does one conclude the
(b) Rava agrees with this distinction by Kidush, but disagrees with it by
- ... on Shabbos - 'Mekadesh ha'Shabbos', both in Kidush and in Tefilah?
- ... on Yom-Tov - 'Mekadesh Yisrael ve'ha'Zemanim'?
How does one conclude the Berachah of Tefilah, in his opinion,
and why the difference?
(c) On what grounds does the Gemara rule like the Sabi de'Pumbedisa?
(d) How then, does Rava justify his opinion?
(a) What does one recite over ...
Is there a proof from our Mishnah that Birchas ha'Mazon requires a Kos?
(b) Why may one not drink between the third and fourth Kosos?
- ... the third Kos at the Seder?
- ... the fourth Kos?
(c) Then why may one drink between ...
- ... the second and third Kos?
- ... the first and second Kos?
Answers to questions