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1) [line 14] DIVREI KABALAH - words mentioned in the Nevi'im
4) [line 21] MATRONISA - Roman matron; aristocratic woman
8) [last line] HITIF L'SOCHAN - he poured into them
*11*) [line 16] HA MIKALKEL ROSH HASHANAH - if they make Elul 30 days, people will have observed Rosh Hashanah on the wrong day (since they always assume that Elul was 29 days, RASHI here and in the Mishnah 18a DH Al; see Insights there.) Alternatively, if Beis Din waits for witnesses to testify about the new moon and therefore makes Elul 30 days, they will not be able to bring the proper Korbanos in the Beis ha'Mikdash on the thirtieth day of Elul since they will not know until the end of the day that it was not Rosh Hashanah.
*12*) [line 25] KOL MITZVOS HA'NOHAGOS BA'SHENI NOHAGOS BA'RISHON - any Mitzvah that is supposed to be performed in Adar Sheni, if one performs it in Adar Rishon one has fulfilled the Mitzvah and need not repeat it in Adar Sheni. (RASHI)
*13*) [line 29] KAMAH IBUR SHANAH - how long is the first Adar? (RASHI)
*15*) [line 36] LA'AFUKEI MI'D'DARASH RAV NACHMAN BAR CHISDA - that is, as far as *Adar Sheni* is concerned, he means to disagree with the opinion of Rav Nachman bar Chisda.
16) [line 42] SHE'YIVADA LECHA SHE'HUKBA ROSH CHODESH BI'ZEMANO - until you know for certain that Rosh Chodesh Adar II was proclaimed in its proper time, i.e. on the thirtieth of Adar I (which cannot happen according to our present-day calendar)