POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by R. Nosson Slifkin
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous dafRosh Hashanah 26
ROSH HASHANAH 26, 27 - sponsored by Reb Wolf Rosengarten of Zurich, in honor
of Rav Moshe Soloveitchik Zt'l and the dedicated students of the Yeshiva he
established in Moscow.
1) MISHNAH: TYPES OF SHOFAR
(a) (Rabbanan) All types of horns may be used as a Shofar
except those of a cow, because it is called Keren.
2) THE DISPUTE OVER COW'S HORNS
(b) (R. Yosi) All Shofros are called Keren, as we find in a
Pasuk about the Keren of a Yovel (ram).
(a) Question: What is the response to R. Yosi's question?
(b) Answer: All other horns are called both Keren and Shofar;
those of a cow are called Keren but not Shofar.
1. R. Yosi's response is that a Pasuk speaks of "Shor
Par" which means Shofar.
(c) (Ulla) The Rabbanan's reason follows R. Chisda:
2. The Rabbanan understand it to mean that the first
Shor was the size of a Par.
1. (R. Chisda) The Kohen does not wear gold garments
when he enters the Kodesh Kadshim as the accuser
(gold, used for the Eigel) cannot become a defender
(and likewise a cow's horn).
(d) (Abaye) The Rabbanan's reason is that the Torah instructs
that a single Shofar be used, and a cow's horn looks like
an amalgam of several Shofros.
i. Question: What about the cow's blood?
2. Question: In the Mishnah, they gave the reason that
it is called Keren!?
ii. Answer: It does not resemble the Eigel.
iii. Question: What about the Ark, its cover and the
Keruvim (which are made of gold)?
iv. Answer: The problem is only in *bringing*
something that was used for sin.
v. Question: What about the gold spoon and pan
brought with the Korban?
vi. Answer: The problem is only in using such
things for decorative purposes.
vii. Question: What about the gold garments that are
used in the outer part of the Sanctuary?
viii.Answer: The problem is only in using such
things in the Kodesh Kadshim.
ix. Question: The Shofar is also only used in the
x. Answer: Since it creates a remembrance, it is
as though it is being used in the Kodesh
3. Answer: That is an additional reason.
4. R. Yosi's response is that the Shofar is only used
in the outer part, and all Shofros are called Keren.
1. Question: In the Mishnah, they gave the reason that
it is called Keren!?
2. Answer: That is an additional reason.
3. R. Yosi's response is that it is all combined into a
single Shofar, and all Shofros are called Keren.
(a) Question: How do we know that Yovel refers to a ram?
(b) Answer: R. Akiva heard that word used in Arabia.
1. In France, he heard a Nidah referred to as a
Galmuda, meaning someone who has become separate
(Gamul) from her husband.
(c) (Rebbi) In the islands, I heard a Mechirah (sale) called
a Kirah, which explains the term as used in the Chumash.
2. In Africa, he heard a Ma'ah (value) referred to as a
Keshita, which explains the term as used in the
(d) (Resh Lakish) I heard a bride called a Ninfi (as in Yefeh
Nof) and a rooster called a Sechvi (as a Pasuk refers to
it having understanding).
(e) Levi had someone say that somebody had "Ba'an" him, but
he didn't know what it meant.
4) MISHNAH: DIFFERENT SHOFROS FOR DIFFERENT DAYS
1. He was told in the Beis ha'Midrash that it meant
(f) The Rabbanan didn't know what Serugin meant, until they
heard a woman refer to a crowd of people moving in small
groups by that term.
2. Rava said that he would have asked how and why it
happened, and would have deduced its meaning from
3. Levi didn't do that as he thought that it referred
to Issur rather than a monetary matter.
(g) The Rabbanan didn't know what Chalaglugos meant, until
they heard this woman refer to purslane-plant by that
(h) The Rabbanan didn't know what Salsela meant, until they
heard her refer to someone curling his hair with this
(i) The Rabbanan didn't know what Ta'atasei meant, until they
heard her instruct someone to sweep with a broom with
(j) The Rabbanan didn't know what "Cast Yehavcha on Hashem
and He will sustain you" meant, until they heard a
merchant refer to his burden with that term.
(a) The Shofar of Rosh Hashanah is made from the straight
horn of an ibex (wild goat) and its mouthpiece is
overlaid with gold.
5) DISPUTES OVER SHOFAR TYPES
1. It is flanked by two trumpets, which are blown for a
shorter time, because the mitzvah of the day is the
(b) The Shofar of a Ta'anis is made from the curved horn of a
ram and its mouthpiece is covered with silver.
1. Two trumpets are placed in the center, and are blown
for a longer time, because they are the mitzvah of
(c) Rosh Hashanah and Yovel are identical regarding the
Shofar notes and the Berachos.
(d) (R. Yehudah) On Rosh Hashanah, they would blow ram's
horns, and on Yovel, ibex horns.
(a) (R. Levi) On Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipur, the mitzvah is
to use the curved Shofar (of a ram); on a Ta'anis, the
mitzvah is to use the straight horn (of an ibex).
(b) Question: In our Mishnah, it says that the Shofar of Rosh
Hashanah is the straight horn of an ibex?
(c) Answer: R. Levi follows the opinion of a different Tana:
1. (R. Yehudah) On Rosh Hashanah, they would blow ram's
horns, and on Yovel, ibex horns.
(d) Question: Why doesn't R. Levi simply say that the
Halachah follows R. Yehudah?
(e) Answer: As we would then think that the Halachah follows
him even for using an ibex Shofar for Yovel.
(f) Question: What is the basis of the dispute?
(g) Answer: R. Yehudah holds that on Rosh Hashanah, it is
better to bend (humble) oneself before Hashem; on Yom
Kipur, it is better to practice straightness (simple
honesty); the Tana Kama holds the reverse.