REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 8
ROSH HASHANAH 2-10 have been sponsored by a generous grant from the Darchey
(a) The Pasuk in Tehilim writes "Lavshu Karim ha'Tzon, va'Amakim Ya'atfu
Bar, Yisro'u Af Yashiru".
What is the meaning of ...
(b) What is the normal pregnancy period of small animals (such as sheep)?
- ... "Lavshu Karim ha'Tzon"?
- ... "va'Amakim Ya'atfu Bar"?
- ... "Yisro'u Af Yashiru"?
(c) How does Rebbi Meir (according to our initial contention) learn from the
Pasuk in Tehilim that Ma'aser Beheimah is in Elul? How will he then explain
"Yisro'u Af Yashiru"?
(d) And how do Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon learn from the same Pasuk that
it is in Tishri? How will they explain "va'Amakim Ya'atfu Bar"?
(a) On what grounds do we reject the above explanation?
(b) From which basic contention do we retract with regard to our
understanding of Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon? When do the sheep become
pregnant, even according to them?
(c) In fact, the source for both opinions is the Pasuk in Re'ei "Aser
Te'aser ... ".
In which basic point do Rebbi Meir on the one hand, and
Rebbi Elazar and Rebbi Shimon on the other agree?
(d) What does each opinion now learn from that Hekesh?
(a) Regarding which Halachic issue is the first of *Tishri* the New Year for
years (according to Rav Papa)?
(b) But did Rav Chisda not learn earlier that the first of *Nisan* is the
New Year for years regarding documents (and not the first of *Tishri*?
(c) If Rav Chisda agrees with Rav Papa, then when he himself comments that
the Reisha of the Mishnah 'be'Echad be'Nisan Rosh Hashanah li'Melachim'
pertains to Jewish kings exclusively, but that the New Year for Nochri kings
is the first of Tishri, is he not simply stating what we now see is an
(d) How else might Rav Chisda explain the Seifa 'be'Echad be'Tishri Rosh
Hashanah le'Shanim'? Who will then be the author of our Mishnah?
(a) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak has a *third* interpretation of our Mishnah
('be'Echad be'Tishri Rosh Hashanah le'Shanim').
Answers to questions
What is it?
(b) How does he learn it from the Pasuk in Eikev "me'Reishis ha'Shanah ve'Ad
(c) The Torah though, drops not the slightest hint as to which month it is
How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak learn from the Pasuk in
Tehilim "Tik'u va'Chodesh Shofar, ba'Kese le'Yom Chageinu, Ki Chok
le'Yisrael Hu Mishpat l'Elokei Ya'akov" that the world is judged on Rosh
(a) What does the Tana of one Beraisa learn from "Ki Chok *le'Yisrael* Hu,
Mishpat *l'Elokei Ya'akov*"?
(b) From the same Pasuk, the Tana of another Beraisa includes the other
nations of the world in Hashem's judgment on Rosh Hashanah.
If so, why
does the Pasuk mention Yisrael at all?
(c) In similar vein, what does Rav Chisda learn from the Pasuk in Melachim
"La'asos Mishpat Avdo u'Mishpat Amo Yisrael ... "?
(d) *One* reason for this is because it is not respectful for a king to have
to wait outside for his turn.
What is the *other*?
(a) We prefer to learn that Rosh Hashanah for Shmitin is the first of Tishri
from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah': "u'*va'Shanah* ha'Shevi'is Shabas Shabason Yih'yeh
la'Aretz" (in Behar) from "me'Reishis *ha'Shanah* ve'Ad Acharis Shanah" (in
Eikev), rather than from the Pasuk "Rishon Hu Lachem le'Chodshei
*ha'Shanah*" (in Bo).
Why is that?
(b) To resolve the fact that the Tana of our Mishnah gives the New Year for
Yovel as the *first* of Tishri, when the Pasuk in Emor writes "*be'Yom
ha'Kipurim* Ta'aviru Shofar be'Chol Artzechem", we establish the author of
the Mishnah as being Rebbi Yishmael Be'no shel Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah.
What do we achieve with this? Since when can a Tana argue with a Pasuk?
(c) From where does Rebbi Yishmael learn that Yovel begins on Rosh Hashanah
(and not on Yom Kipur)?
(a) And what do the Rabbanan of Rebbi Yishmael Be'no shel Rebbi Yochanan ben
Berokah do with the Pasuk "ve'Kidashtem es Sh'nas ha'Chimishim Shanah"?
Answers to questions
(b) In another Beraisa, what does Rebbi Yishmael learn from the Pasuk in
Behar "Yovel Hi, Sh'nas ha'Chamishim Shanah"? Why would we have thought
(c) Why do the Rabbanan not require this Derashah?
(d) So what do *they* learn from "Yovel Hi, Sh'nas ha'Chamishim Shanah"?