REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafRosh Hashanah 15
ROSH HASHANAH 12, 13, 14, 15 (3-6 Menachem Av) - dedicated by the wife and
daughters of the late Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga
Feibush) of Queens N.Y. on his upcoming second Yarzeit (7 Av). Well known in
the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he will be remembered by all who
Why does the Tana of the Beraisa currently under discussion speak about an
Esrog tree which was entering from the *third* year into the *fourth*, and
not from the *second* year into the *third*, as in other places (see 12
(a) Rebbi Yochanan asked Rebbi Yanai which Sh'vat is the New Year for an
What was his She'eilah?
(b) What did Rebbi Yanai reply?
(c) When is the New Year for an Esrog in a leap-year, Sh'vat or Adar (which
is the seasonal Sh'vat)?
(a) According to Rabah, a sixth-year Esrog entering into the seventh year is
Patur both from Ma'aser and from Biy'ur.
What does he say about a seventh-
year Esrog entering the eighth year?
(b) The Seifa of Rabah's statement suggests that Rabah goes after the
budding of the Esrog with regard to Shevi'is.
How does Abaye finally know
for sure that Rabah is *not* in doubt whether we go after after the budding
or the picking with regard to Sh'mitah?
(c) Which criterion does he assume that Rabah follows with regard to
(a) What problem does Abaye have with the fact that the sixth-year Esrog
exempt from Ma'aser?
(b) How is it in fact, Patur?
(a) Rav Hamnuna agrees with every aspect of Rabah's statement except for
Answers to questions
(b) Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah learns in the Reisha of a Beraisa like the
Reisha of Rabah (posing a Kashya on Rav Hamnuna).
What does he say about a
seventh-year Esrog entering the eighth year (which poses a Kashya on both
Rabah and Rav Hamnuna)?
(c) What is Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah's reason (for exempting from Ma'aser in
(d) If he goes after the budding of an Esrog (regarding Shevi'is), then why
does he exempt it from Biy'ur in the Seifa?
(a) Rebbi Yossi, in a Beraisa, cites the opinion of Avtulmus quoting five
Elders regarding Esrog.
What does he say?
(b) He then cites the opinion of our Rebbes who concluded in Usha that by
Esrog, we go after the picking, both with regard to Ma'aser and with regard
How do we amend the Beraisa to explain the fact that the
Rebbes mentioned Shevi'is, although the Tana Kama did not mention it?
(c) Like which Tana will Rabah and Rav Hamnuna now hold?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish maintain that a sixth-year Esrog that
enters the seventh year is considered a sixth-year Esrog.
In which point
do they disagree with Rabah and Rav Hamnuna?
(b) What Chidush did Ravin add to that, when he came from Eretz Yisrael?
(c) The Tana of another Beraisa cites the criterion of a tree (regarding
Ma'asros) as being whether the fruits budded *before* Tu bi'Sh'vat or
*afterwards*. Rebbi Nechemyah confines this to a tree which produces *two*
'B'reichos' annually, but a tree which produces only *one* goes after the
picking. What is wrong with the Lashon of Rebbi Nechemyah? How do we
easily amend it?
(d) To which kind of tree is he referring besides a date-palm and an olive-
(a) By which kind of tree does Rebbi Yochanan cite the Minhag as being like
(b) What are 'B'nos Shu'ach'?
(c) What does the Tana in Shevi'is say about them that clashes with Rebbi
(d) What was Rebbi Yochanan's reaction to this Kashya (of his disciple Resh
(a) Why was Rebbi Aba ha'Kohen surprised at Rebbi Yochanan's silence? What
might Rebbi Yochanan have answered?
(b) How did Rebbi Yossi ha'Kohen justify his silence?
(c) We reject the contention that Rebbi Yochanan did not rule like Rebbi
Nechemyah, but merely cited the Minhag.
On what grounds is that
(d) How do we finally justify Rebbi Yochanan's statement? Why are carobs
(a) In light of the Rebbi Yochanan's true reasoning, we conclude that it
wasn't Rebbi Yochanan's silence that surprised Rebbi Aba ha'Kohen, but Resh
Answers to questions
Why do we rule out the contention that Resh Lakish
perhaps never asked it?
(b) Then what was the basis of Rebbi Aba's surprise? What were his two
possible interpretations of Rebbi Yochanan's silence?