POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 98
SANHEDRIN 96-100 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs.
Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the
merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his
1) WHEN MASHI'ACH WILL COME
(a) (R. Aba): The Ketz is very explicit - "Harei Yisrael
Anpechem Titenu u'Feryechem Tis'u l'Ami Yisrael" (Eretz
Yisrael will yield fruit right before Am Yisrael will
2) WHEN MASHI'ACH WILL COME (cont.)
(b) R. Elazar: Will you say that that is more explicit than
"Lifne ha'Yamim ha'Hem Sechar ha'Adam Lo Nihyeh u'Schar
ha'Behemah Einenah (when no one has money) Vela'Yotzei
ula'Ba Ein Shalom Min ha'Tzar" - then, Mashi'ach will
(c) Question: What does it mean "Vela'Yotzei ula'Ba Ein
Shalom Min ha'Tzar"?
(d) Answer #1 (Rav): Chachamim, who should have Shalom, will
not, on account of the afflictions (alternatively - on
account of the Yetzer ha'Ra).
(e) Answer #2 (Shmuel): Prices of all foods will be equal
(Ben Yehoyada - and merchants cannot profit; Aruch - all
measures will be the same, for no one is corrupt;
Maharsha - all the gates will be equal (there will not be
special gates for entry and others for exit), because
there is no Shalom from the oppressor).
(f) (R. Chanina): Ben David will not come until they will
seek fish for a sick person and not find it - "Ashki'a
Meimeihem v'Naharoseihem ka'Shemen Olich (the rivers will
be as thick as oil, fish cannot live in them) ba'Yom
ha'Hu Atzmi'ach Keren l'Veis Yisrael".
(g) (R. Chama bar Chanina): Ben David will not come until
Yisrael will not have even the lightest authority (Rashi;
Maharsha - until the disgraced kingdom (Edom) will be
eradicated) - "V'Charas ha'Zalzalim...ba'Es ha'Hi Yuval
Shai la'Sh-m Tzevakos Am Memushach u'Morat".
(h) (Ze'iri): Ben David will not come until haughty people
cease from Yisrael - "Az Asir mi'Kirbech Alizei
Ga'avasech... V'Hish'arti b'Kirbech Am Oni va'Dal v'Chasu
(i) (R. Simlai): Ben David will not come until all judges and
officers cease from Yisrael - "V'Ashivah Yadi Alayich...
(j) (Ula): Yerushalayim (Rambam - Yisrael) will only be
redeemed through Tzedakah - "Tziyon b'Mishpat Tipadeh
(k) (Rav Papa): If haughty people cease, the Amugushi (Parsi
witches that afflict Yisrael; alternatively - enticers,
avid idolaters that constantly blaspheme) will cease -
"V'Etzrof ka'Bor Sigayich v'Asirah Kol Bedilayich";
1. If judges cease, your enemy will cease - "Hesir
Hash-m Mishpatayich Pinah Oyvayech".
(l) (R. Yochanan): If you see the generation declining, wait
for Mashi'ach - "V'Es Am Oni Toshi'a".
(m) (R. Yochanan): If you see many afflictions besetting the
generation like a river, wait for Mashi'ach - "Ki Yavo
cha'Nahar Tzar...u'Va l'Tziyon Go'el".
(n) (R. Yochanan): Ben David will only come in a generation
that is totally worthy or totally guilty:
1. He can come in a totally worthy generation -
"V'Amcha Kulam Tzadikim l'Olam Yirshu Aretz";
(o) Contradiction (R. Alexandri): "B'Itah" connotes that
Mashi'ach will come in the proper time - "Achishenu"
connotes that Hash-m will bring him early!
2. He can come in a totally unworthy generation -
"Va'Yar Ki Ein Ish...Lema'ani E'eseh".
(p) Resolution: If we merit, He will bring him early; if not,
he will come in the proper time.
(q) Contradiction (R. Alexandri): It says "Va'aru Im Ananei
Shmaya..." (Mashi'ach will come quickly", and it says
"Oni v'Rochev Al Chamor" (lazily)!
(r) Resolution: If we merit, he will come quickly; if not, he
will come slowly.
(a) Shevor Malka: You say that Mashi'ach will come on a
donkey - I will send him my most beautiful (or fastest)
(b) Shmuel: Do you have a horse of 100 colors? (We may not
derive that Mashi'ach's horse will have 100 colors, this
was a mere retort to a disrespectful comment.)
(c) R. Yehoshua ben Levi found Eliyahu by the cave in which
R. Shimon hid for 13 years. He asked 'Will I come to the
world to come?'
1. Eliyahu: If Hash-m wants, you will.
(d) When R. Yehoshua ben Levi told Eliyahu that Mashi'ach
answered 'Shalom to you, son of Levi', Eliyahu said that
this shows that he and his father will both be in the
world to come.
2. R. Yehoshua ben Levi: I see only the two of us, but
I heard a third voice! (The Shechinah was there.)
When will Mashi'ach come?
3. Eliyahu: Ask Mashi'ach himself!
4. R. Yehoshua ben Levi: Where is he?
5. Eliyahu: He is at the gate of (Rashi - Gan Eden that
faces) the city.
6. R. Yehoshua ben Levi: How will I recognize him?
7. Eliyahu: He is sitting among poor Metzora'im; they
undo all their bandages at the same time (to clean
the wounds) and retie them, he only opens one at a
time to minimize the delay in case he will suddenly
be called to redeem Yisrael.
8. R. Yehoshua ben Levi (to Mashi'ach): Shalom to you,
my Rebbi and teacher!
9. Mashi'ach: Shalom to you, son of Levi!
10. R. Yehoshua ben Levi: When will Rebbi come?
11. Mashi'ach: Today!
1. R. Yehoshua ben Levi: He lied to me - he said 'I am
coming today', but he did not!
(e) R. Yosi ben Kisma's Talmidim: When will Mashi'ach come?
2. Eliyahu: He meant, "Ha'Yom Im b'Kolo Sishma'u".
(f) R. Yosi ben Kisma: I fear that you will request a sign (a
miracle to prove the truth of my words)!
(g) Talmidim: We will not!
(h) R. Yosi: The gate (of Romi) will fall three times, they
will rebuild it twice - before they will rebuild it the
third time, he will come.
(i) Talmidim: Give us a sign!
(j) R. Yosi: You said that you will not request one!
(k) Talmidim: Nevertheless, please give one!
(l) R. Yosi: The water of the Pamyus (the source of the
Yarden river) should turn to blood. (It did.)
(m) Just before R. Yosi ben Kisma died, he requested that
they bury his coffin very deep, for the Parsi'im (in the
war of Gog and Magog) will have a horse tied to every
tree in Bavel (which they will conquer before invading
Eretz Yisrael), and they will dig up all the coffins in
Eretz Yisrael to use as feeding troughs for their horses.
3) THE PERIOD BEFORE MASHI'ACH
(a) (Rav): "Yitnem Ad Es Yoledah" - Ben David will not come
until the kingdom (Romi) spreads over Yisrael (who are
scattered over the entire world) for nine months.
4) WHO WILL BE MASHI'ACH?
(b) Ula and Rabah: Mashi'ach should come, but I should not be
there (to experience the suffering)!
(c) Rav Yosef: Mashi'ach should come, may I merit to sit in
the shade of the dung of his donkey!
(d) Abaye (to Rabah): Why don't you want to witness Mashi'ach
- on account of the suffering? You have Torah and Chesed,
you will be spared!
1. (Beraisa): One who wants to be spared the suffering
that will accompany Mashi'ach should engage in Torah
(e) Rabah: Perhaps I will not be spared on account of sin.
1. Contradiction (R. Yakov): Hash-m promised Yakov
"U'Shmarticha b'Chol Asher Telech", yet "Va'Yira
(f) "Ad Ya'avor Hash-m" - this is Yisrael's first entry into
Eretz Yisrael (with Yehoshua); "Ad Ya'avor Am Mar Zutra
Kanisa" - this is the second entry (with Ezra);
2. Answer: He was afraid that he had forfeited the
promise on account of sin.
1. This teaches that Yisrael were worthy to enter the
second time amidst miracles like the first time -
they did not because they sinned.
(g) R. Yochanan: Mashi'ach should come, but I should not be
(h) Suggestion (Reish Lakish): Are you afraid of "Ka'asher
Yanus Ish Mipnei ha'Ari u'Fga'o ha'Dov...u'Nshacho
(i) Rejection: Even in this world, a man encounters a Santer
(an official authorized to mark off the borders) in the
field, he is afraid like one who sees a lion (lest he
will shorten his field); in the city he encounters the
tax collector, this is like encountering a bear; he
returns home and sees his children hungry, this is like
being bitten by a snake!
(j) Answer: Rather, he fears "...Ra'isi Chol
Gever...ka'Yoledah v'Nehefchu Chol Panim l'Yerakon".
1. Question: What does it mean "Ra'isi Chol Gever..."?
(k) (Rav Gidal): In the future, Yisrael will enjoy the
satiation of Yemos ha'Mashi'ach.
2. Version #1 - Rashi - Answer (Rava bar Yitzcha):
(Hash-m), to whom all Gevruah (strength) belongs
(will feel pain over the destruction of the Nochrim
like a woman in labor).
3. Version #2 - Ramah - Answer (Rava bar Yitzchak): The
strongest of men will be afraid like a woman in
4. Question: What does it mean "Chol Panim l'Yerakon"?
5. Answer (R. Yochanan): Both angels and Yisrael will
turn green when Hash-m says 'Both Yisrael and the
Nochrim are My creations - how can I destroy one for
the sake of the other?!'
i. Version #1 - Rashi - (Rav Papa): This is like
people say - when the ox fell, its owner uses a
horse in its stead and lets the horse eat from
the ox' trough. (When the ox recovers, he feels
bad about kicking out the horse. Likewise,
Hash-m gave power to Nochrim when Yisrael
sinned - when Yisrael repent, He feels bad
about having to demote them.)
ii. Version #2 - Ramah - (Rav Papa): This is like
people say - an ox falls when it runs and tries
to gore a horse, but in the end it will gore it
in its trough - likewise, Hash-m has not yet
destroyed the Nochrim (seemingly, He does not
want to), but in the end He will for the sake
(l) Objection (Rav Yosef): This is obvious - who else should
(m) Answer: Rav Gidal comes to argue with R. Hillel, who says
that the prophecies of Yemos ha'Mashi'ach were already
fulfilled in the days of Chizkiyah.
(n) (Rav): The world was created for the sake of David (Rashi
- who sang so many praises to Hash-m; Ran - the epitome
of this physical world was in his days).
(o) (Shmuel): It was created for the sake of Moshe (who would
receive the Torah).
(p) (R. Yochanan): It was created for the sake of Mashi'ach.
(a) Question: What is the name of Mashi'ach?
(b) Answer #1 (d'vei R. Shila): His name is Shilo - "Ad Ki
(c) Answer #2 (d'vei R. Yanai): It is Yinun - "Yinun Shemo".
(d) Answer #3 (d'Vei R. Chanina): It is Chanina - "Lo Eten
(e) Answer #4: It is Menachem ben Chizkiyah - "Rachak Mimeni
Menachem Meshiv Nafshi" (Maharsha - Mashi'ach was born in
the days of Yirmeyah, but Hash-m withdrew him to Gan Eden
until the proper time; tradition teaches that his father
(f) Answer #5 (Rabanan): It is Chivara d'Vei Rebbi -
"Chalayenu Hu Nasa...Chashavnuhu Nagu'a Mukeh Elokim"
(people thought he was a Metzora (whose skin turns very
Chiver (white)); he will be from the house of Rebbi).
(g) (Rav Nachman): If Mashi'ach is alive today, it is someone
like me - "V'Hayah Adiro Mimenu u'Moshlo mi'Kirbo Yetzei"
(Rav Nachman married the daughter of the Reish Galusa, he
was very powerful).
(h) (Rav): If Mashi'ach is alive today, it is (someone like -
one explanation in Rashi deletes this) Rebbi; if he is
dead, it is (someone like) Daniel (both were great
Tzadikim who were greatly afflicted).
(i) (Rav Yehudah): Hash-m will establish another (king like)
David - "V'Ovdu Es Hash-m Elokeihem v'Es David Malkam
Asher Akim Lahem";
1. It does not say 'Hekim' (established), rather,
"Akim" (I will establish).
(j) Question (Rav Papa): But it says "V'David Avdi Nasi Lahem
(k) Answer (Abaye): It says that David will be *Nasi* (not
Melech) - he will be second to the new king.
(l) (R. Simlai): "Hoy ha'Mis'avim Es Yom Hash-m...Choshech
v'Lo Or" - woe to Nochrim who await Mashi'ach!
1. A parable - a rooster and a bat were awaiting dawn.
The rooster said, I await the light, for I can see -
but (you cannot see,) why do you wait for the