POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 100
SANHEDRIN 96-100 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs.
Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the
merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an Iluy for his
1) WHAT IS AN APIKORUS (cont.)
(a) Answer #3 (Rava): It is people like those in the house of
Binyamin the doctor, who say 'Chachamim do not Mechadesh
anything - they never permitted a raven, or forbade a
2) HASH-M REWARDS MIDAH K'NEGED MIDAH
1. When they would bring a doubtful Treifah from
Binyamin's house for Rava to rule on, if he saw that
it was Kosher, he would say 'I am permitting a raven
to you!' (Without Chachamim's tradition, we would
not know that it is permitted.)
(b) Answer #4 (Rav Papa): It is one who says 'Hani (those)
Rabanan' (he should refer to them more honorably).
2. If he saw that it was Treifah, he would say 'I am
forbidding a dove to you!'
1. Rav Papa once said 'Hani Rabanan' and fasted to
atone for this.
(c) Answer #5 (Rav Yehudah - we learn from the following
episode). Levi bar Shmuel and Rav Huna bar Chiya were
fixing the covers for the Seforim of Rav Yehudah's
academy. They said that Megilas Esther does not require a
1. Version #1 -Rashi - (Rav Yehudah): You are correct -
but this is like Apikorsus (to speak definitively,
as opposed to asking me).
(d) Answer #6 (Rav Nachman): It is one who calls his Rebbi by
his name (without a title of respect).
2. Version #2 - Ramah - (Rav Yehudah): This is like
Apikorsus (it is a disgraceful way to speak about
Megilas Esther, it is like saying 'Hani Rabanan').
1. (R. Yochanan): Gechazi was punished because he
referred to his Rebbi (Elisha) by his name - "V'Zeh
Benah Asher Hecheyah Elisha".
(e) Answer #7 (R. Zeira - we learn from the following
(f) (R. Yirmeyah): In the future Hash-m will make a river
flow from the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim, it will (make the
banks) yield delicious fruit - "V'Al ha'Nachal Ya'aleh Al
Sefaso...Kol Etz Ma'achal..."
(g) A man: Very good, R. Yochanan said the same!
(h) R. Yirmeyah (to R. Zeira): Is speaking this way Apikorsus
(Ramah - he gave his own approval before citing R.
(i) R. Zeira: No - he supported your teaching! The following
1. (R. Yochanan): "U'Sh'arayich l'Avnei Ekdach" -
Hash-m will bring gems and pearls 30 Amos by 30
Amos, and carve out a hole 10 Amos by 20 Amos, and
erect them at the gates of Yerushalayim.
(j) Question: What does it mean "V'Alehu *li'Srufah*"
(regarding the river from the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim)?
2. A Talmid: Today we don't find gems the size of a
small egg, will such giant gems be found?!
3. Shortly after this, he was on a boat (Ya'avetz -
used names of Hash-m,) and saw angels sawing holes
in gems, exactly like the dimensions that R.
Yochanan taught. He asked what they are for; they
answered, Hash-m will put them by the gates of
Yerushalayim in the future. He told R. Yochanan that
his teaching was correct.
4. R. Yochanan: Had you not seen it, you would not
believe it?! You mock the words of Chachamim!
i. R. Yochanan put his eyes on the Talmid, he
became a mound of bones.
5. Question (Beraisa - R. Meir): "Va'Olech Eschem
Komemiyus" - the gates will be 200 Amos tall, twice
the Komah (height) of Adam ha'Rishon;
i. R. Yehudah says, it will be 100 Amos, like the
height of Heichal and its wall - "Benoseinu
ch'Zaviyos Mechutavos Tavnis Heichal".
6. Answer: R. Yochanan refers to the gates around the
windows in the wall.
(k) Answer #1 (R. Yitzchak bar Avodimi or Rav Chisda):
LehaTiR Peh (to open the mouth, i.e. cures muteness).
(l) Answer #2 (the other of R. Yitzchak bar Avodimi and Rav
Chisda): It opens the lower mouth (womb, cures barren
(m) Chizkiyah explained like Answer #1, Bar Kapara explained
like Answer #2.
(n) Answer #3 (R. Yochanan): It is used for Serufah (to
(o) Question: Why does it say "Li'Srufah"?
(p) Answer (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): LeTo'aR Panim (to give a
beautiful countenance) to those who use their mouths (for
(a) (Rav Yehudah b'Rebbi Simon): Anyone who blackens his face
(Ramah - goes hungry) in this world for the sake of
Torah, Hash-m will make him radiant in the world to come
- "Mar'ehu ka'Lvanon Bachur ka'Arazim").
(b) (Rav Tanchum bar Chanilai): Anyone who goes hungry in
this world for the sake of Torah, Hash-m will satiate him
in the world to come - "Yirveyun mi'Deshen Beisecha".
(c) (Rav Dimi): "Baruch Hash-m Yom Yom *Ya'amas* Lanu" - in
the future, Hash-m will give every Tzadik Umso (His
'handfuls') of good.
(d) Objection (Abaye): "Mi Madad b'Sha'alo Mayim v'Shamayim
ba'Zeres Tiken" (His hand spans Shamayim, a person cannot
receive His handfuls!)
1. Rav Dimi: Why didn't you go to hear the Agadata they
say in the name of Rava bar Mari? "Lehanchil
l'Ohavai Yesh" - in the future, Hash-m will give
every Tzadik 310 worlds (the Gematri'a of Yesh -
therefore, Tzadikim will be able to receive His
'handfuls' of good. Margoliyus ha'Yam - the 'end' of
the last Mishnah of Ukztin (which is nearly
identical to Rava's teaching) is not really part of
the Mishnah, rather a later addendum, therefore Rav
Dimi did not bring the Mishnah for support.)
(e) (Beraisa - R. Meir): Hash-m (rewards and) punishes
according to how much a person did - "*B'Sas'ah*
(according to the Se'ah, i.e. measure) b'Shalchah
(f) R. Yehudah: This is impossible! If a man filled his hands
and gave Tzedakah, will Hash-m give him His handfuls in
the world to come?! "Shamayim ba'Zeres Tiken" (His finger
is larger than Shamayim)!
(g) R. Meir: You must admit it is true - Hash-m's attribute
of Tov (to benefit) is greater than His attribute of
3) SEFER BEN SIRA
1. Hash-m opened the doors of Shamayim to bestow good -
"V'Dalsei Shamayim Pasach va'Yamter Aleihem Man
i. He only opened the windows for punishment (the
flood) - "Va'Arubos ha'Shamayim Niftachu".
2. Regarding punishment it says "B'Figrei ha'Anashim
ha'Posh'im...v'Isham Lo Sivkeh" - in this world, a
fire immediately burns flesh!
i. We must say, Hash-m will give a special ability
for Resha'im to suffer prolonged punishment -
likewise, He will give a special ability for
Tzadikim to receive (His handfuls of) good!
(a) (Mishnah - R. Akiva): Even one who reads foreign Seforim
(has no share in the world to come).
4) TROUBLES OF THE POOR
(b) (Beraisa): He refers to Sifrei Tzedukim.
(c) (Rav Yosef): It is also forbidden to read Sefer Ben Sira
(on account of Bitul Torah, for it contains worthless
(d) Question (Abaye): What do you object to?
1. Suggestion: It says 'Do not take the skin off a
fish, even from the ear, rather roast it with the
skin, it will serve like relish for two loaves.'
(e) Answer #1: It says 'A daughter is a vain treasure to her
father - he cannot sleep because he always worries about
2. Rejection: (This is a proper teaching!) If we
understand it simply, the Torah also says "Lo
Sashchis (do not needlessly destroy)"!
i. The deeper meaning teaches proper conduct, do
not have unnatural relations.
1. When she is a minor, he fears lest she will be
seduced; when she is a Na'arah, he fears lest she
will be Mezanah;
(f) Rejection: Chachamim taught similarly!
2. When she is a Bogeres, he fears lest she will not
get married; when she is married, he fears lest she
will be barren; when she is old, he fears lest she
will do Kishuf.'
1. (Beraisa): The world needs males and females, but
happy is one who has sons, woe to one who has
(g) Answer #2: It says 'Do not put worry in your heart, for
worry kills the strongest men.'
(h) Rejection: Shlomo also taught "De'agah v'Lev Ish
1. (R. Ami or R. Asi): He should Mesi'ach (remove) it
from his mind;
(i) Answer #3: It says 'Keep the masses from your house, do
not bring everyone in.'
2. (The other of R. Ami and R. Asi): Yasichenah (he
should discuss it) with others.
(j) Rejection: Rebbi said similarly!
1. (Beraisa - Rebbi): A man should not have too many
friends in his house - "Ish Re'im Lehisro'ei'a."
(k) Answer #4: It says 'If a man's beard is fine and weak, he
is a Chacham; if it is thick, he is a fool; one who blows
the foam in his cup is not thirsty; one who ponders what
to put on his bread, remove his bread (for he is not
truly hungry); one who has a part in his beard, he is the
(l) (Rav Yosef): We may expound proper teachings of the
1. A good wife is a good gift, Hash-m gives her to one
who fears Him;
2. An evil wife is like Tzara'as to her husband, his
cure is to divorce her;
3. The husband of a pretty wife is so happy, it is as
if his days are doubled (Rashi; Maharsha - the
husband of a virtuous wife is happy, he will live in
this world and the next);
4. Shun your eyes from another man's wife, lest you be
snared (the Yetzer ha'Ra gives her grace in men's
eyes); do not drink with her husband, for many have
been corrupted (in this world) by a beautiful woman,
multitudes have received Gehinom on account of her
5. Peddlers (of women's accessories) cause great
damage, they incite the Yetzer for Arayos like a
spark ignites a coal, their houses are full (with
their deadly wares) like a chicken coop (Ramah);
6. Keep the masses from your house, do not bring
everyone in; cause that many will desire your
Shalom, and even among these, reveal your secrets to
only one out of a thousand, even from your wife
guard your words;
7. Do not worry about tomorrow "Ki Lo Seda Mah Yeled
Yom" - perhaps you will not be alive tomorrow, why
worry about a world you have no part in!
(a) "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" - Ben Sira says, even his nights
are bad, his roof is lower than the others, rainwater
falls onto his roof and drips inside;
1. His vineyard is the highest, its soil gets washed
onto others' vineyards.
(b) (R. Zeira): "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" - this is one who
learns Gemara (he always has difficulties);
1. "V'Tov Lev Mishteh Samid" - this is one who only
learns Mishnah (he does not encounter difficulties).
(c) (Rava): To the contrary! One who only learns Mishnah can
never give a ruling; one who learns Gemara can give
1. (Rav Mesharshiya): "Masi'a Avanim Ye'atzev Bahem" -
this is one who only learns Mishnah; "Boke'a Etzim
Yisachen Bam" - this is one who learns Gemara (he is
warmed (benefits from) his learning).
(d) (R. Chanina): "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" - this is one who has
a bad wife;
1. "V'Tov Lev Mishteh Samid" - this is one who has a
(e) (R. Yanai): "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" - this is an Istenis (a
very sensitive person);
1. "V'Tov Lev Mishteh Samid" - this is one who is not
(f) (R. Yochanan): "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" - this is a merciful
person (he is always upset by other people's problems);
1. "V'Tov Lev Mishteh Samid" - this is one who has no
mercy on others.
(g) (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" - this is
an irritable person;
1. "V'Tov Lev Mishteh Samid" - this is one who is
(h) Question: (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): "Kol Yemei Oni Ra'im" -
but he eats well on Shabbos and Yom Tov (we distribute
Tzedakah to the poor then)!
1. Answer: Even Shabbos and Yom Tov are bad for him, as
2. (Shmuel): A change from one's normal diet prompts