POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 101
SANHEDRIN 101-103 (18 Teves) - dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to
honor the third Yahrzeit of her father, Reb Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi
(Weiner). May the merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study serve as an
Iluy for his Neshamah
1) RESPECT FOR TORAH
(a) (Beraisa): If one reads a verse of Shir ha'Shirim as if
it was a song (i.e. unlike the proper cantillation), or
reads verses in the Beis ha'Mishteh (pub) out of place
(just for fun), he brings evil to the world;
2) SICKNESSES AND CURES
1. The Torah girds itself in sackcloth and complains to
Hash-m 'Yisrael treat me like a harp for Letzim to
(b) R. Shimon ben Elazar says, one who reads a verse in the
proper time, he brings good to the world - "V'Davar b'Ito
2. Hash-m: When Yisrael eat and drink, in what should
3. The Torah: Each should engage in what he learns -
one who learns Mikra (Torah, the prophets and
Kesuvim) should learn Mikra, one who learns Mishnah
should learn Mishnah, Halachos and Agados, one who
learns Talmud should learn what is relevant to the
season, e.g. laws of each festival on that festival.
(c) (Mishnah): One who whispers on a wound (has no share in
the world to come).
(d) (R. Yochanan): This is when he spits, for we do not say
Hash-m's name after spitting.
(e) (Rav): Even if he said "Nega Tzara'as..." (which
discusses healing, but does not include Hash-m's name) he
has no share.
(f) (R. Chanina): If he said any verse, even "Va'Yikra El
Moshe..." (which does not discuss healing, he hopes that
the merit of learning Torah will cure him) he has no
(a) (Beraisa): We may anoint and massage the intestines on
Shabbos; we may whisper charms to snakes and scorpions
(so they will not bite), we may pass a vessel over the
eye on Shabbos to cool it.
(b) R. Shimon ben Gamliel says, a vessel which is Muktzeh
(may not be moved on Shabbos) may not be used.
(c) We may not ask Shedim (e.g. to find lost objects) on
(d) R. Yosi says, this is always forbidden (this will be
(e) (Rav Huna): The Halachah does not follow R. Yosi;
1. R. Yosi only forbids on account of danger.
(f) (Beraisa): We may anoint and massage the intestines on
Shabbos; as long as it is not done the same way as on a
2. R. Yitzchak bar Yosef asked something of a Shed; it
made a tree swallow him (to harm him), Hash-m
miraculously saved him by splitting the tree.
(g) Question: How should one deviate?
(h) Answer #1 (R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): First anoint, and
(i) Answer #2 (R. Yochanan): Anoint and massage at the same
(j) (Beraisa): We may ask Shedim via oil or egg shells -
(Rashi - but it is not advisable; some texts - this is)
because they lie;
(k) People who use Shedim whisper on oil in a vessel, but not
on oil in the hand - therefore, one may anoint with oil
in the hand, but not with oil from a vessel (lest a Shed
1. R. Yitzchak bar Shmuel bar Marsa stayed at an inn;
they brought him oil in a vessel. He anointed with
it; boils started sprouting on his face. He went
outside; a woman saw him, recognized the Shed
responsible for the boils, and cured him.
(l) Question (R. Aba): It says "Kol ha'Machalah...Lo Asim
Alecha Ki Ani Hash-m Rof'echa" - if He will not send
sicknesses, why does it say that He heals us?
(m) Answer (Rabah bar Mari): "Im Shamo'a Tishma l'Kol Hash-m"
- if we will heed Him, He will not send sicknesses; if
not, He will send, but even so, He will heal us.
(n) (Rabah bar bar Chanah): When R. Eliezer fell sick, his
Talmidim came to see him.
1. R. Eliezer: There is a fierce anger in the world!
(o) (Beraisa): When R. Eliezer fell sick, four Chachamim came
to see him:
2. They cried, R. Akiva laughed. They asked him why he
was laughing; he asked why they are crying.
3. The others: R. Eliezer is a living Sefer Torah, he
is in pain, we must cry!
4. R. Akiva: That is why I laugh! I saw that his wine
never sours, his flax is never stricken, his oil and
honey never spoil - I was worried, perhaps, Heaven
forbid, he received his reward in this world!
i. Now that I see him in pain, I am sure that his
reward awaits him in the world to come.
5. R. Eliezer: Is there any Mitzvah I did not fulfill
(that you consider me worthy of suffering)?
6. R. Akiva: You taught us "Adam Ein Tzadik
ba'Aretz...v'Lo Yecheta" (that this applies even to
(seemingly) perfect Tzadikim)!
1. R. Tarfon: You are better for Yisrael than rain -
rain only helps us in this world, you help us in
2. R. Yehoshua: You are better for Yisrael than the sun
- the sun only helps us in this world, you help us
in both worlds!
3. R. Elazar ben Azaryah: You are better for Yisrael
than parents - parents only help a person in this
world, you help us in both worlds!
4. R. Akiva: Afflictions are very precious!
5. Question (R. Eliezer): How do you know this?
6. Answer (R. Akiva): It says "Menasheh...va'Ya'as
ha'Ra b'Einei Hash-m";
3) ONE WHO PRONOUNCES HASH-M'S NAME LIKE IT IS WRITTEN.
(p) (Beraisa): Three people (thought they) had irrefutable
claims - Kayin, Esav and Menasheh.
i. Question: Is it possible that Chizkiyah did not
teach Torah to his son Menasheh?! He taught the
entire world - "...Mishlei Shlomo Asher Hetiku
ii. Answer: Rather, all his toil to teach his son
did not help to improve his son, only
afflictions - "Va'Ydaber Hash-m El Menasheh
v'El Amo v'Lo Hikshivu va'Yavei Hash-m
Aleihem... l'Melech Ashur..."
iii. "Uv'Hatzer Lo Chilah Es Penei Hash-m Elokav
va'Yikana Me'od...va'Yispalel Elav
iv. This teaches that afflictions are very
1. Kayin said "Gadol Avoni mi'Nso" - he asked Hash-m,
is my sin greater than 600,000 that will later sin
against You (with the Egel), and You will forgive
2. Esav said "Ha'Verachah Achas Lecha Avi".
3. Menasheh at first served idols, later he turned to
Hash-m - surely, You will help me more than the
(a) (Mishnah - Aba Sha'ul): Even one who pronounces Hash-m's
name like it is written.
(b) (Beraisa): This refers to outside the Mikdash, amidst
secular discussion (alternatively - outside the Mikdash
*or* in a foreign language).
(a) (Mishnah): Three kings and four commoners...
(b) (Beraisa): (He is called) Yerav'am because he Riva Am
(lowered the nation);
1. Alternatively, he made Merivah (quarrels) among
Yisrael (regarding serving idolatry); or, he made
Merivah between Yisrael and Hash-m.
(c) (Beraisa): Nevat is Michah, he is (also) Sheva ben
2. Ben Nevat - the son of he who Hibit (saw), but did
not understand (this will be explained).
1. He is called Nevat because he saw, but did not
(d) (Beraisa): Three people misunderstood what they saw -
Nevat, Achitofel and Paro's astrologers.
2. He is called Michah because he was Nismachmech
(being crushed) in the building in Miztrayim (and
Hash-m acceded to Moshe's prayer to save him);
3. His real name was Sheva ben Bichri.
1. Nevat saw (Ramah - in a dream) a fire coming out of
his Ever (a sign of power) he thought that it
applies to himself;
(e) Question: What is the source that Yerav'am has no share
in the world to come?
i. Really, the sign hinted that (one who will come
from his Ever,) his son Yerav'am will be king.
2. Achitofel saw Tzara'as on his Ever - he thought that
he will reign;
i. Really, it hinted that his great grandson
Shlomo will rule.
3. Question (R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): What does it
mean "*Hemah* Mei Merivah"?
4. Answer: This is the water that Paro's astrologers
saw; they saw that the savior of Yisrael would be
stricken through water, therefore they decreed "Kol
ha'Ben ya'Yilud ha'Y'orah Tashlichuhu";
i. They did not understand that he would be
stricken on account of Mei Merivah.
(f) Answer: "...Beis Yerav'am *u'Lehachchid u'Lehashmid*
me'Al Penei ha'Adamah" - to be destroyed in this world,
to be desolate in the world to come.
(g) Question (R. Yochanan): Why did Yerav'am merit to be
(h) Answer: Because he rebuked Shlomo.
(i) Question: Why was he punished?
(j) Answer: Because he rebuked him in public -
"Shlomo...Sagar Es Peretz Ir David":
1. Yerav'am: David breached the wall to make it easier
for Yisrael to come to Yerushalayim on the
festivals, you closed the openings for the sake of
(collecting taxes for, or so people will serve) your
wife, Bas Paro!
(k) Question: What does it mean "Asher Herim Yad ba'Melech
(l) Answer (Rav Nachman): He removed his Tefilin in front of
Shlomo (baring his head; alternatively, in order to
(m) (Rav Nachman): Yerav'am lost (both) worlds on account of
haughtiness - "Va'Yomer Yerav'am b'Libo..."
1. He knew the tradition that only kings of Yehudah may
sit in the Mikdash - he thought, 'When people see
Rechav'am sitting and me standing, they will think
that he is king and I am a slave;
(n) Question: What does it mean "Va'Yiva'atz"?
2. If I will sit, I will be Mored b'Malchus, they will
kill me and serve him.'
3. Therefore, "Va'Yiva'atz ha'Melech va'Ya'as Sheni
Eglei Zahav...Rav Lachem me'Alos Yerushalayim Hinei
(o) Answer (R. Yehudah): He put a Rasha by each Tzadik and
addressed the nation:
1. Yerav'am: Do you agree to everything I will do?
2. The people: Yes!
3. Yerav'am: Do you want me to be your king?
4. The people: Yes!
5. Yerav'am: Will you do everything I say?
6. The people: Yes!
7. Yerav'am: Even if I tell you to serve idolatry?
8. The Tzadik: Heaven forbid!
9. The Rasha: Surely, Yerav'am would not serve
idolatry, he is merely testing us!