POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Sanhedrin 104
SANHEDRIN 104 (19 Teves) - dedicated to the memory of Hagaon Rav Yisrael
Avraham Abba ben Harav Chaim Binyamin Ze'ev Krieger ZT"L, Rav Kehilah in
Russia and later in Boston, MA, Talmid of Hagaon Rav Yehoshua Leib Diskin
and author of Yad Yisrael on the Rambam and many other Sefarim. Sponsored by
his son, Reb Chananel Benayahu Krieger (Yerushalayim).
(a) (R. Yochanan citing R. Yosi ben Kisma): Hospitality to
guests is great - it dispelled two nations (Amon and
Mo'av) from ever marrying into Yisrael - "Al Davar Asher
Lo Kidmu Eschem ba'Lechem uva'Mayim".
2) WHY OTHER KINGS WERE NOT LISTED
(b) (R. Yochanan himself): It dispels those who were close
(all of these will be explained), brings close those who
were far, makes Hash-m overlook Resha'im, gives (true)
prophecy to false prophets of the Ba'al, and one who
neglects it b'Shogeg is considered as if he intentionally
1. It dispels the close ones - Amon and Mo'av, who
descend from Avraham's nephew Lot;
2. It brings close those who were far - Yisro.
i. (R. Yochanan): Yisro's reward for "Kiren Lo
v'Yochal Lechem" was that his descendants sat
on the Great Sanhedrin in Lishkas ha'Gazis -
"Umi'Mishpechos Sofrim...ha'Kinim ha'Ba'im
me'Chamas Avi Beis Rechav" (Yirmeyah
prophesized that Benei Rechav would be on the
Sanhedrin), and it says "U'Vnei Keini Chosen
3. It makes Hash-m overlook Resha'im - Michah;
4. It gives prophecy to false prophets of the Ba'al -
the man who gave Ido to eat, "Va'Yhi Devar Hash-m El
5. One who neglects it b'Shogeg is considered as if he
intentionally sinned - this refers to Yonason ben
i. (Rav Yehudah): Had Yonason given David two
loaves of bread, (David would not have needed
to ask the Kohanim for bread, so) Sha'ul would
not have killed the Kohanim of Nov, Do'eg would
not have lost his share in the world to come
(for informing on the Kohanim), and Sha'ul and
his three sons would not have been killed.
(a) Question: Why isn't Achaz listed among those who have no
share in the world to come?
3) CHIZKIYAH'S MISTAKES
(b) Answer #1 (R. Yirmeyah bar Aba): Because his father
(Yosam) and son (Chizkiyah) were Tzadikim.
(c) Answer #2 (Rav Yosef): Because he was ashamed in front of
Yeshayah - "Tzei Na Likras Achaz...El Mesilas Sede
1. Question: Why is it called "Choves"?
(d) Question: Why isn't Amon listed among those who have no
2. Answer #1: Achaz Kavash (buried) his face (he was
ashamed to look at Yeshayah).
3. Answer #2: Achaz put a launderer's net over his
face, hoping that Yeshayah would not recognize him.
(e) Answer: On account of the honor of Yeshayah (his son).
(f) Question: If so, also Menasheh should not be listed on
account of his father Chizkiyah!
(g) Answer: A son brings merit to his father, a father does
not bring merit to his son.
1. "V'Ein mi'Yadi Matzil" - Avraham does not save
Yishmael (from punishment - this is according to the
opinion that Yishmael did not repent), Yitzchak does
not save Esav.
(h) Question: Why isn't Yehoyakim listed among those who have
2. According to this, even Rav Yosef can say that Achaz
was not listed on account of his son Chizkiyah!
(i) Answer: He got atonement through the disgrace of not
1. (R. Chiya bar Avuha): It said on the skull of
Yehoyakim 'This (the curse that it will not be
buried) and one other (vengeance will be taken on
2. R. Freida's grandfather found a skull by the gates
of Yerushalayim, it said on it 'This and one other'.
He buried it (twice, each time) it came up. He
realized that it was the skull of Yehoyakim, about
whom it says "Kevuras Chamor Yikaver...".
3. He reasoned, it is not proper for a king to be
disgraced - he wrapped it in silk and put it in a
4. His wife found it; neighbors told her that it is
probably from his first wife, he cannot forget her.
She burned it in the oven - this was the other
(a) (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Elazar): Chizkiyah sinned by
asking to be healed in his own merit, "Veha'Tov b'Einecha
Asisi", this led him to (another mistake,) saying "Mah
Zos" (showing a lack of faith in what the Navi told him);
4) EXPOUNDING EICHAH
1. Saying "Mah Zos" led him to show too much
hospitality to Nochrim;
(b) Question: "Va'Yismach Aleihem Chizkiyah va'Yar'em Es
*Beis Nechoso*" - what was this?
2. Excess hospitality to Nochrim led to exile of his
3. This supports (the Amora) Chizkiyah.
i. (Chizkiyah): "Umi'Banecha...Sarisim b'Heichal
Melech Bavel" - anyone who invites a Nochri to
his house and serves him, he causes his
children to be exiled.
(c) Answer #1 (Rav): His own wife gave them to drink.
(d) Answer #2 (Shmuel): He showed them his treasure house.
(e) Answer #3 (R. Yochanan): He showed them iron that can
(a) (Rabah): Yisrael suffered the afflictions in Megilas
Eichah because they transgressed the 36 Chayavei Kerisus
(the Gematri'a of Eichah).
(b) (R. Yochanan): Yisrael suffered the afflictions in
Megilas Eichah, whose verses are ordered according to the
Aleph-Beis, because they transgressed the Torah, written
in the letters of the Aleph-Beis.
(c) (Rabah): "Yoshvah Vadad" - Hash-m intended "Va'Yishkon
Yisrael Betach Badad..." (they would not need to band
together for security) - because of their sins, they are
alone as outcasts.
(d) (Rabah): "Ha'Ir Rabasi Am" - they would marry young women
to older men and vice-versa, (biologically) this produces
(e) (Rav Yehudah): "Haysah *k'Almanah*" - not a real widow,
rather, like a woman whose husband went overseas on
condition to return.
(f) (Rabah): "Rabasi va'Goyim Sarasi ba'Medinos" - wherever
they would go, they would be princes to their masters.
1. (Beraisa): A case occurred, two captives were taken
from Har ha'Karmel, their captor was in back of
them. One captive (Reuven) told the other that the
camel in front of them is blind in one eye, is
carrying a pouch of wine and a pouch of oil; a
Yisrael and Nochri are leading it.
5) THOSE THAT HAVE NO SHARE IN THE WORLD TO COME
2. The captor: How can you know?!
(g) (Rabah): "Bacho Sivkeh" - the double verb prophesizes
crying over another Churban (i.e. of the second Mikdash);
3. Reuven: The camel only eats from the vegetation on
one side, for it cannot see with the other eye. The
drops of wine falling from the pouch sink into the
ground, the drops of oil do not sink in. The Nochri
relieves himself on the road itself, the Yisrael
goes to the side.
4. The captor ran to catch those travelling in front of
them, and found that Reuven was right about
everything. He kissed him on the head and made a
feast for him when he got home; he danced and
blessed Hash-m for giving such Chachmah to His
chosen nation. He let them go free.
1. "Ba'Laylah" - the Churban resulted from what
happened at night (after the Meraglim returned) -
"Va'Yivku ha'Am ba'Laylah ha'Hu".
(h) (Rabah): "V'Dim'asah Al Lecheyah" - like a woman crying
over the husband she married in her youth, "Eli ki'Vsulah
Chaguras Sak Al Ba'al Ne'ureha".
2. (Rabah): That night was the ninth of Av - because
they cried for no reason, Hash-m decreed to
establish crying for all generations on that day.
3. Alternatively - the verse discusses crying at night,
for then the crying is heard more than during the
4. Alternatively - one who cries at night, the stars
and constellations cry with him.
5. Alternatively - one who cries at night, anyone who
hears him cries with him.
i. The son of R. Gamliel's neighbor died; his
mother was crying at night, R. Gamliel cried
with her until his eyelashes clung to his
eyelids. The next day, his Talmidim noticed
this and made her move away.
(i) (Rabah): "Hayu Tzareha l'Rosh" - whatever nation (Tosfos
- will) afflict Yisrael becomes the dominant power
(beforehand, so people will not say that Yisrael fell to
a lowly nation).
(j) (Rabah): "Ki Lo Mu'af la'Asher Mutzak Lah" - whatever
nation afflicts Yisrael does not weary.
(k) (Rabah): "Lo Aleichem..." - this teaches Kuvlana (when
telling one's afflictions, he must say that it should not
come upon the listener; alternatively, one should tell
his afflictions to others).
(l) (Rav Amram): "Kol Ovrei Derech" - Yerushalayim has been
punished like Sedom, which was *Over* Al Da'as
(transgressed basic laws of decency):
1. Regarding Sedom it says "Va'Shem Himtir Al Sedom
Gafris va'Esh", regarding Yerushalayim it says
"Mi'Marom Shalach Esh".
(m) Question: "Va'Yigdal Avon Bas Ami me'Chatas Sedom" - was
Hash-m partial to Yerushalayim (to leave a remnant,
unlike Sedom; alternatively - that He sent the fire
through a Shali'ach, not by Himself)?!
(n) Answer: Regarding Sedom it says "...Siv'as Lechem...v'Yad
Oni v'Evyon Lo Hechezikah", regarding Yerushalayim it
says "Nashim Rachamaniyos Bishlu Yaldeihem":
1. Version #1: This attribute of Yerushalayim (women
would share the flesh of their children with others)
partially atoned for it, therefore Yerushalayim was
not punished as harshly as Sedom (which lacked this
(o) "Silah Kol Abirei Hash-m" - Hash-m rendered the mighty
ones useless, like a coin that was Nifsal (disqualified).
2. Version #2: In this respect, Yerushalayim was
punished harsher than Sedom - Hash-m was not
(p) Question (Rabah): The verses of Eichah are according to
the Aleph-Beis, except for 'Pei', which comes before
'Ayin' - why is this?
(q) Answer: The Churban resulted from the Meraglim, whose sin
was to put the Peh (mouth) in front of the Ayin (eye,
i.e. they decided to give a derogatory report before
seeing the land).
(r) (Rabah): "Ochlei Ami Achlu Lechem" - only those who eat
the bread of Yisrael truly taste bread.
1. (Rav): "Hash-m Lo Kara'u" - (Nochrim ate our bread
because) our judges perverted justice (Ben Yehoyada
- they were not worthy to be called Elohim).
2. (Shmuel): (It was because) the teachers of children
taught improperly (learning from a Rebbi *should be*
like learning from Hash-m).
(a) Question: Who compiled the list (in the Mishnah)?
(b) Answer (Rav Ashi): The Great Assembly made the list.
(c) (Rav Yehudah): They also wanted to include Shlomo - the
image of David came and bowed in front of them (not to
include him), they paid no attention;
1. A fire came from Shamayim and singed the benches,
they paid no attention;
(d) Expounders say that even those in the Mishnah have a
share in the world to come - "Li Gil'ad" - this refers to
Ach'av, who died in Ramos Gil'ad;
2. A Bas Kol said "Ish Mahir bi'Mlachto Lifnei Melachim
Yisyatzav Bal Yisyatzev Lifnei Chashuchim (in
Gehinom)" - Shlomo built the Mikdash before his
house, and rushed to build it quicker (in seven
years) than his house (in 13 years) - they paid no
3. A Bas Kol said "Hame'Imach Yeshalmenah Ki Ma'asta Ki
Ata Tivchar v'Lo Ani" (Hash-m decides whom He will
reward and punish)!
1. "Menasheh" refers to Menasheh, "Efrayim Ma'oz Roshi"
refers to Yerav'am (who was from Shevet Efrayim),
"Yehudah Mechokeki" refers to Achitofel, of Shevet