REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 3
(a) What is the problem in establishing the two statements of 'bi'Sheloshah'
in our Mishnah by Gezeilos va'Chavalos ...
(b) Based on Rebbi Chanina and on what we just earned, how does Rava
therefore establish '*Diynei Mamonos* bi'Sheloshah'? Why does the Tana then
divide them into two cases (like we asked at the outset)?
- ... to exclude Hoda'os ve'Halva'os cause? What would be a better way of establishing it?
- ... with the Lashon? What wording should the Tana rather have used?
(c) Rav Acha B'rei de'Rav Ika agrees with Rava's interpretation of the
Mishnah in principle.
In which point does he argue with him?
(d) What is his source for that?
(a) Why did the Rabbanan institute three judges?
(b) How will the fact that there are three judges alleviate the problem?
(c) Then why are the judges obligated to pay in the event that they erred
(like we asked earlier)?
(a) Rava and Rav Acha B'rei de'Rav Ika argue over Shmuel.
What did Shmuel
say about two people who judged?
(b) What is their Machlokes? Who holds what?
(c) What is then the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) Having learned Chavalos (as we just explained), why does the Tana then
need to insert 'Nezek' in our Mishnah?
Answers to questions
(b) On what grounds do we query the explanation, that the Tana mentions
Chatzi Nezek in addition to Chavalos, because he wishes to make a
distinction between Mamon and K'nas?
(c) Why might Palga Nizka be Mamon and not K'nas?
(d) So why *does* he mention it (even according to those hold that Palga
Nizka is Mamon?
(a) What does Rebbi Yashiyah learn from the Pesukim "ve'Nikrav Ba'al
ha'Bayis el ha'Elohim", "ad ha'Elohim Yavo Dvar Sh'neihem" and "Asher
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Yonasan disagree with the first Pasuk?
(c) Then from where does *he* learn the third judge by Gezeilos and Chavalos
(d) On what grounds do we refute the suggestion that they argue over
whether, or not 'Dorshin Techilos'? If not from the basic word
("ha'Elohim"), how might Rebbi Yashiyah learn the third Dayan from there?
(a) How does Rebbi Yonasan explain the Torah's use of the word "ha'Elohim"?
(b) What problem do we have with Rebbi Yashiyah's rejection of Rebbi
(c) What does Rebbi Eiezer B'no B'no shel Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili learn from
the word "li'Netos Acharei Rabim le'Hatos"?
(d) We answer that Rebbi Yashiyah holds like Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah requires three judges with regard to
'Semichas Zekeinim' and 'Arifas Eglah Arufah'.
What does Rebbi Yehudah
learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with Semichas Zekeinim)
"ve'Samchu" and "Ziknei"?
(b) How many judges does Rebbi Yehudah finally require there?
(c) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yehudah here with his own opinion (that we
just cited), where he accepts a Beis-Din of seventy?
(d) And how do we now reconcile Rebbi Yashiyah, who, as we just explained,
does not even require Netiyah by te Sanhedrin ha'Ketanah, with Rebbi
Yehudah, who concedes that we do?
(a) How does Rebbi Yashiyah then establish "li'Netos"?
(b) In that case, what is the significance of the three judges, seeing as he
rejects the concept of 'le'Netos'?
(c) What does the Mishnah in 'Zeh Borer' rule in a case where ...
(d) How is it now possible for this Mishnah could to conform with the
opinion of Rebbi Yashiyah?
- ... two judges maintain that he is innocent (and does not deserveMalkos), and one, that he is guilty?
- ... two judges maintain that he is guilty, and one, that he is innocent?
(a) The Tana Kama in the Beraisa requires three for Diynei Mamonos.
does Rebbi say?
(b) What objection do we raise to Rebbi's stated reason 'K'dei she'Yigamar
(c) So how do we amend it?
(d) If, Rebbi really requires a Beis-Din of three at the time of the
G'mar-Din, what problem does Rebbi Avahu raise from ...
- ... the Sanhedrin ha'Gadol?
- ... the Sanhedrin ha'Ketanah?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in ...
Answers to questions
(b) So we suggest that Rebbi learns five judges from the two Pesukim "Asher
Yarshi'un Elohim" and "ad ha'Elohim Yavo D'var Sheneihem".
- ... Beha'aloshca "Esfah Li Shiv'im Ish"?
- ... Mishpatim "ve'Shaftu ha'Eidah ... ve'Hitzilu ha'Eidah'?
- ... there "ve'Nikrav Ba'al ha'Bayis el ha'Elohim"?
Why do we omit
the first Pasuk "ve'Nikrav Ba'al ha'Bayis el ha'Elohim"?
(c) How does Rebbi learn it from those two Pesukim?
(d) How do the Rabbanan counter Rebbi? Why do they require only three judges
and not five?