REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 9
(a) Rav Ashi and Ravina too, hold like Abaye. Rav Ashi establishes the
Machlokes between Rebbi Meir (who requires three judges by Motzi-Shem-Ra)
and the Rabbanan (who require twenty-three), when the witnesses warned the
woman that she would receive Malkos.
What is then Rebbi Meir's reason?
(b) This conforms with the opinion of the Tana Kama in our Mishnah. The
Rabbanan hold like Rebbi Yishmael.
What does *he* say?
(c) Since when does one receive Malkos for a La'av that is subject to
(a) Ravina establishes the case when one of the witnesses is found to be a
relative of the woman, or was disqualified from testifying for some other
Why will that transform the case from Diynei Nefashos into Diynei
Mamonos, according to Rebbi Meir?
(b) What do the Rabbanan then hold?
(c) This conforms with the Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi
explaining Rebbi Akiva in the Mishnah in Makos.
What does Rebbi Akiva
extrapolate from he Pasuk in Shoftim "al-Pi Shenayim Eidim *O Sheloshah
Eidim* ... "?
(d) What 'Kal va'Chomer' does he learn from here?
(a) Rebbi Akiva then adds the above Halachah 'u'Mah Shenayim, Nimtza Echad
Meihem Karov O Pasuk, Eidusan Beteilah, Af Sheloshah ... Eidusan Beteilah'.
How does Rebbi Yossi qualify this ruling? To which category will it not
Answers to questions
(b) What is the S'vara behind Rebbi Yossi's distinction? Why should Diynei
Nefashos be any different than Diynei Mamonos?
(c) Rebbi disagrees with Rebbi Yossi. He does not differentiate.
qualification does he make regarding Rebbi Akiva's ruling, with which Rebbi
(d) What is Rebbi's reason?
(e) How does Ravina now connect the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the
Rabbanan in our Mishnah with the Machlokes Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi?
(a) Another alternative is that Rebbi Meir and the Rabbanan repeat the
Machlokes between Rebbi Yossi and the Rabbanan.
What does Rebbi Yossi
learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "al-Pi Shenayim Eidim"?
(b) What do the Rabbanan say?
(c) So what is their Machlokes? What is the case?
(a) And a final alternative is that they argue over the same point as ben
Zakai and the Rabbanan in the Mishnah in 'Hayu Bodkin', in connection with
whether a discrepancy in 'Bedikos' is considered a discrepancy.
(b) What is the significance of the Tana's statement 'Ma'aseh u'Badak ben
Zakai be'Uktzei Te'einim'?
- ... Bedikos?
- ... Chakiros?
(a) What exactly did ben Zakai do?
(b) What should the witnesses have done had they not known the answer to
such a question?
(c) What do the Rabbanan hold?
(d) How will this explain the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the Rabbanan?
(a) In a case where the husband brings witnesses who testify that his
newly-wed wife committed adultery after the betrothal, and the father then
brings witnesses who render them Eidim Zomemin, Rav Yosef rules that the
first set of witnesses are sentenced to death, but are not obligated to pay.
Considering that they attempted to make the woman lose her Kesuvah, why
should they not also pay?
(b) And what does he rule in a case where the husband then brings witnesses
who render the father's witnesses Zomemin?
(c) Why are *they* obligated to pay even though they too, are sentenced to
(d) Then why are the husband's witnesses not also obligated to pay the
father the hundred Sela (of a Motzi-Shem-Ra) that they attempted to make him
pay with their testimony?
(a) What does Abaye say in a case where Reuven claims that Levi raped him
(b) On what grounds does Rava disagree with this?
- ... against his will?
- ... with his consent? What is his source for this?
(a) What does Rava also say with regard to a case where he together with
Shimon, witnesses Levi have relations with his wife?
Answers to questions
(b) Why can we not infer the latter ruling from the former one?