REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 48
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a veil that was Tamei Medras and that
the owner then designated for a Seifer-Torah?
(b) Does this mean that it is Tahor?
(c) How will Rava, who holds 'Hazmanah La'av Milsa Hi', explain this
(d) The fact that despite having wrapped it around the Seifer, he also needs
to designate it for that purpose, is based on a statement by Rav Chisda.
What does Rav Chisda say about a head-cloth that one either used or
designated for use as a Tefilin-bag?
(e) In what way does Abaye disagree with Rav Chisda?
(a) How will Rava establish the Beraisa 'Nefesh (an Ohel) she'Ban'o le'Shem
Chai ... Hosif Bo Dimus Echad (one row of bricks) le'Meis, Asur be'Hana'ah'?
If it speaks when he actually buried someone there, then why does the Tana
require the extra row of bricks?
(b) What does Rav Chisda say about where the owner remembers which row of
bricks he added?
(c) How do we establish the Beraisa that we quoted earlier, forbidding a son
to be buried in the grave that he originally dug, to conform with Rava? What
is the Tana's reason for forbidding it?
(d) How do we prove this from Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in the Seifa, who
extends the prohibition to stones that he quarried from the mine for his
father? What do we mean when we say 'I Mishum Hazmanah, Tavi la'Arig Mi Ika
(a) We already cited the Beraisa which forbids a new grave, provided it
contains a Nefel (a miscarriage). Why does this Beraisa pose a Kashya on
(b) Abaye answers by pointing out that the Tana specifically mentions a
Nefel in the Seifa, to preclude the opinion of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel.
What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel say about Hazmanah with regard to a
(c) What is Abaye's answer? How does he now explain the Reisha of the
(a) 'Mosar ha'Meisim, le'Meisim' (if Tzedakah-money that was collected
specifically for the burial of Meisei Mitzvah or for poor people remains
after they have been buried, must be used for other Meisim). What does this
Beraisa go on to say about 'Mosar ha'Meis'?
(b) How do we initially establish the Seifa to conform with Abaye? Why is
the designated money not forbidden to the heirs?
(c) The continuation of the Beraisa however, seems to support Abaye. Rebbi
Meir rules about the above money 'Lo Yiga Bahen ad she'Yavo Eliyahu'.
does Rebbi Nasan say?
(a) In fact, we conclude, both Abaye and Rava explain the Beraisa according
to their own respective opinions. According to Abaye, all the Tana'im hold
in principle 'Hazmanah Milsa Hi', and that explains the opinion of Rebbi
Answers to questions
Then why does the Tana Kama permit the heirs to use the remaining
(b) What does Rebbi Meir then hold?
(c) Whereas according to Rava, all the Tana'im hold in principle 'Hazmanah
La'av Milsa Hi', which explains the Tana Kama's opinion.
Why does Rebbi
Nasan nevertheless insist that the leftovers go to the Meis on whose behalf
the money was collected?
(d) And what does Rebbi Meir then hold?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a case where the deceased's parents are
throwing clothes on to the bed on which their dead son is lying?
(b) According to Abaye, why do the clothes not become forbidden because of
(c) How will we establish the Beraisa in view of the Seifa, which renders
clothes that touched the coffin Asur be'Hana'ah?
(a) The Seifa of the Beraisa permits a bag which was once used for Tefilin,
to be used for money.
What does the Reisha say about a bag which was made
to hold Tefilin?
(b) How will Rava explain this Beraisa?
(c) Another Beraisa permits using a bag that was specifically commissioned
to be made as a cover for a Seifer-Torah or to hold Tefilin, until it is
How will Abaye reconcile his opinion with this Beraisa?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about Tefilin that one overlaid with gold or
that one covered with the skin of a non-Kasher animal? Why is that?
(b) He permits however, the skin of a Kasher animal even if it was not
tanned for the sake of the Mitzvah of Tefilin.
What is the basis of the
Tana Kama and of Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, who requires the skin to be
tanned for the sake of the Mitzvah?
(c) When Ravina asked Rava how it was feasible for someone to die without
shrouds having been made for him in advance, in order to bury him as quickly
as possible, he replied 'K'gon Shichvi de'Harpanya'.
What did he mean by
(d) Mereimar ruled like Abaye, the Rabbanan, like Rava with regard to
Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, the property of someone
killed by the king goes to the king, whereas that of someone killed by
Beis-Din goes to his heirs.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah counter the Rabbanan's ...
(c) How do the Rabbanan then explain the Pasuk in Melachim?
- ... proof from Achav, who killed Navos for his vineyard?
- ... counter-argument that Navos had many children?
(d) How will ...
- ... Rebbi Yehudah explain the need for the Navi to add 'Barech Navos Elokim *u'Melech*?
- ... the Rabbanan explain the need for the Navi to add 'Barech Navos *Elokim* u'Melech?
(a) Why did Yo'av run into the Azarah and hold on to the Mizbe'ach,
according to ...
(b) What did Yo'av instruct Benayahu ben Yehoyada, whom Shlomoh had sent to
kill him, to relay to the King?
- ... the Rabbanan?
- ... Rebbi Yehudah?
(c) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav points out how, now that Shlomoh chose to kill him,
all the curses that David had placed on Yo'av, materialized on his own
What happened to ...
- ... Rechavam?
- ... Uziyah?
- ... Asa?
- ... Yoshiyahu?
- ... Yechonyah?
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav translates the lameness of Asa as 'Padgera'.
Answers to questions
did Rav Nachman describe the way it feels to his son Mar Zutra?
(b) He may have known about it because he himself went through the
experience. He may also have learned it from his Rebbe. What is the third
(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav comment about Yoshiyah's death at the
hand of Par'oh Nechei's archers?
(d) What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav mean when he commented on the episode with
Shlomoh and Yo'av 'Tehei Luta ve'Al Tehei Lata'?