REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Sanhedrin 90
SANHEDRIN 90 (5 Teves) - has been dedicated to the memory of Max (Meir
Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, on his Yahrzeit by his children Eddie
and Lawrence, and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving
husband and father, and he is sorely missed by his family.
(a) According to Rav Chisda, Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan, who argue
whether Navi she'Meisis receives Sekilah (the Rabbanan) or Chenek (Rebbi
Shimon), is confined to Avodah-Zarah (to which the Pasuk we ae about to
What do they both learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei ...
(b) Even the Rabbanan agree however, that if a Navi entices people to commit
other sins, he will not receive Sekilah.
- ... "Neilchah ve'Na'avdah"?
- ... "Lehadichacha min ha'Derech"?
From where do we know that a Navi
she'Meisis (regarding other sins) is Chayav at all?
(c) According to Rav Chisda, what will the Navi receive, for attempting ...
- ... to completely negate one of the other Mitzvos?
- ... to partially negate it?
(a) How does the Beraisa explain the words "Laleches" and "Bah" written in
(b) Rav Hamnuna asked Rav Chisda, who establishes the Machlokes Tana'im by
Avodah-Zarah, which Mitzvas Asei applies to Avodah-Zarah.
What was his
(c) Why did Rav Hamnuna disagree with this? Did he not know that Pasuk?
(d) Rav Hamnuna concedes to Rav Chisda that a Navi she'Meisis who negates
part of another Mitzvah is Patur.
Why is that?
(e) In which point does he then argue with him?
(a) We learned in a Beraisa 'ha'Misnabei La'akor Davar min ha'Torah, Chayav;
Lekayem Miktzas u'Levatel Miktzas, Rebbi Shimon Poter'. Abaye holds like Rav
Chisda, Rava, like Rav Hamnuna. Both Abaye and Rava establish 'ha'Misnabei
La'akor Davar min ha'Torah, Chayav', according to everyone.
How does ...
(b) How will they both explain ...
- ... Abaye interpret it?
- ... Rava interpret it?
(c) Seeing as the Rabbanan agree with Rebbi Shimon in the Reisha of the
Beraisa, why does the Tana then say 'Rebbi Shimon Poter', according to ...
- ... 'Lekayem Miktzas u'Levatel Miktzas, Rebbi Shimon Poter'? What will the Rabbanan hold?
- ... the continuation of the Beraisa 'u'va'Avodas-Kochavim, Afilu Omer ha'Yom Ivduhah u'le'Machar Bitluhah, Divrei ha'Kol Chayav'?
- ... Rav Chisda?
- ... Rav Hamnuna?
(a) What does Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about a Navi ordering
someone (in the Name of Hashem) to perform a sin? How must he react?
**** Hadran Alach, 'Eilu Hein ha'Nechenakin' ****
(b) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili in a Beraisa, adds that this applies even if he
stops the sun in the middle of the sky.
What does Rebbi Akiva comment?
(c) In what context then, does the Torah talk about a Navi ha'Meisis
performing a miracle? Who is an example of this?
(d) What does Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei
(in connection with Eidim Zomemin) "Ka'asher Zamam La'asos le'Achiv"?
***** Perek Kol Yisrael *****
(a) Why did Rebbi place this Perek after 'Eilu Hein ha'Nechenakin'?
(b) What does our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Amech Kulam
Tzadikim, Le'olam Yirshu Aretz"?
(c) What does 'Olam ha'Ba' mean?
(d) Someone who denies Techi'as ha'Meisim will not receive a portion in Olam
Why is that?
(a) Which other two sinners does the Tana list who forfeit their portion in
(b) Rebbi Akiva adds someone who reads 'Sefarim ha'Chitzonim' (which will be
explained later), and 'ha'Lochesh al ha'Makeh'.
What does this mean?
(c) Which sinner does Aba Shaul add to the list?
(a) What does the Tana Kama say about Yeravam, Achav and Menasheh?
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah learns his opinion from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim
"va'Yispalel Eilav, va'Yishma Techinaso va'Yeshivehu Yerushalayim
How do the Rabbanan counter his proof?
(d) Which four Hedyotos (non-kings) lost their portions in Olam ha'Ba?
(a) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from the
incident with Elisha and the king's officer?
(b) Why was the latter trampled underfoot when the starving people ran to
(c) What had ...
(d) We suggest that his death was due to Elisha's curse.
- ... Elisha said?
- ... the officer replied?
- ... Elisha commented?
What did Rav
Yehudah Amar Rav say about a Chacham's curse?
(e) So how do we know that his death was not due to Elisha's curse?
(a) What do we prove from the Pasuk in Korach "u'Nesatem Mimenu es Terumas
Hashem le'Aharon ha'Kohen"?
(b) How does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael interpret the Pasuk?
(c) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan extrapolate from
the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Vayomer ... Laseis M'nas ha'Kohanim
ve'ha'Levi'im Lema'an Yechezku be'Toras Hashem"?
(d) What does Rav Acha bar Ada Amar Rav Yehudah mean when he compares giving
one's Terumah to a Kohen Am ha'Aretz to placing it in front of a lion?
(e) What does ...
- ... Rebbi Yochanan add, based on the Pasuk in Emor "u'Meisu Bo ki Yechaleluhu"?
- ... de'Bei Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov add, based on the Pasuk there "ve'Hisi'u Osam Avon Ashmah, be'Ochlom es Kodsheihem"?
(a) What does Rebbi Sima'i learn from the Pasuk in Va'eira (in connection
with the Avos) "ve'Gam Hakimosi es B'risi Itam Laseis *Lahem* es Eretz
(b) When the heretics asked Raban Gamliel for a source for Techi'as
ha'Meisim, how many sources did he initially give them?
(c) On what grounds did they query his proof from the Pasuk in ...
(d) What did Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak say
about someone whose rulings are quoted after his death?
- ... Vayeilech "Vayomer Hashem el Moshe Hincha Shochev im Avosecha ve'Kam"?
- ... Yeshayah "Yichyu Meisecha ... Hakitzu ve'Ranenu Shochnei Afar"?
- ... Shir Hashirim "ve'Chikech ke'Yein ha'Levanon ... Dovev Sifsei Yesheinim"?
(a) Raban Gamliel finally quoted a Pasuk from the second Parshah of the
(b) According to others, he quoted them the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "ve'Atem
ha'Deveikim ba'Hashem Elokeichem Chayim Kulchem Hayom".
What is the proof
for Techi'as ha'Meisim from there?
(c) The Romans, like the heretics, queried Rebbi Yehoshua's proof from the
Pasuk in Vayeilech ("Hincha Shochev im Avosecha ve'Kam ha'Am ha'Zeh
ve'Zanah"), though they did accept his proof from there for their second
What was their second She'eilah?
(a) How did Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Yossi disprove the heretics' assertion
that there is no proof from the Torah for Techi'as ha'Meisim, from the Pasuk
in Sh'lach-Lecha "Hikares Tikares ha'Nefesh ha'Hi, *Avonah Bah*"?
(b) Why did he not prove it from the double Lashon "Hikares Tikares"?
(c) Rebbi Akiva, in a Beraisa, actually learns Techi'as ha'Meisim from
What problem does Rebbi Yishmael have with that from
the Pasuk "es Hashem Hu Megadef ve'Nichresash"?
(d) Why does Rebbi Akiva decline to learn like Rebbi Yishmael?
(a) What does Rebbi Yishmael learn from the double Lashon "Hikares Tikares"?
Answers to questions
(b) What do both Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva learn from "Avonah Bah"?
(c) Queen Cleopatra learned Techi'as ha'Meisim from the Pasuk in Tehilim
"va'Yatzitzu me'Ir ke'Eisev ha'Aretz".
What did she ask Rebbi Meir about
the dead who will be revived?
(d) What did he answer her?