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Sanhedrin 90

SANHEDRIN 90 (5 Teves) - has been dedicated to the memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, on his Yahrzeit by his children Eddie and Lawrence, and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father, and he is sorely missed by his family.


(a) According to Rav Chisda, Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan, who argue whether Navi she'Meisis receives Sekilah (the Rabbanan) or Chenek (Rebbi Shimon), is confined to Avodah-Zarah (to which the Pasuk we ae about to quote refers).
What do they both learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei ...
  1. ... "Neilchah ve'Na'avdah"?
  2. ... "Lehadichacha min ha'Derech"?
(b) Even the Rabbanan agree however, that if a Navi entices people to commit other sins, he will not receive Sekilah.
From where do we know that a Navi she'Meisis (regarding other sins) is Chayav at all?

(c) According to Rav Chisda, what will the Navi receive, for attempting ...

  1. ... to completely negate one of the other Mitzvos?
  2. ... to partially negate it?
(a) How does the Beraisa explain the words "Laleches" and "Bah" written in Parshas Re'ei?

(b) Rav Hamnuna asked Rav Chisda, who establishes the Machlokes Tana'im by Avodah-Zarah, which Mitzvas Asei applies to Avodah-Zarah.
What was his reply?

(c) Why did Rav Hamnuna disagree with this? Did he not know that Pasuk?

(d) Rav Hamnuna concedes to Rav Chisda that a Navi she'Meisis who negates part of another Mitzvah is Patur.
Why is that?

(e) In which point does he then argue with him?

(a) We learned in a Beraisa 'ha'Misnabei La'akor Davar min ha'Torah, Chayav; Lekayem Miktzas u'Levatel Miktzas, Rebbi Shimon Poter'. Abaye holds like Rav Chisda, Rava, like Rav Hamnuna. Both Abaye and Rava establish 'ha'Misnabei La'akor Davar min ha'Torah, Chayav', according to everyone.
How does ...
  1. ... Abaye interpret it?
  2. ... Rava interpret it?
(b) How will they both explain ...
  1. ... 'Lekayem Miktzas u'Levatel Miktzas, Rebbi Shimon Poter'? What will the Rabbanan hold?
  2. ... the continuation of the Beraisa 'u'va'Avodas-Kochavim, Afilu Omer ha'Yom Ivduhah u'le'Machar Bitluhah, Divrei ha'Kol Chayav'?
(c) Seeing as the Rabbanan agree with Rebbi Shimon in the Reisha of the Beraisa, why does the Tana then say 'Rebbi Shimon Poter', according to ...
  1. ... Rav Chisda?
  2. ... Rav Hamnuna?
(a) What does Rebbi Avahu Amar Rebbi Yochanan say about a Navi ordering someone (in the Name of Hashem) to perform a sin? How must he react?

(b) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili in a Beraisa, adds that this applies even if he stops the sun in the middle of the sky.
What does Rebbi Akiva comment?

(c) In what context then, does the Torah talk about a Navi ha'Meisis performing a miracle? Who is an example of this?

(d) What does Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei (in connection with Eidim Zomemin) "Ka'asher Zamam La'asos le'Achiv"?

**** Hadran Alach, 'Eilu Hein ha'Nechenakin' ****

***** Perek Kol Yisrael *****


(a) Why did Rebbi place this Perek after 'Eilu Hein ha'Nechenakin'?

(b) What does our Mishnah learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Amech Kulam Tzadikim, Le'olam Yirshu Aretz"?

(c) What does 'Olam ha'Ba' mean?

(d) Someone who denies Techi'as ha'Meisim will not receive a portion in Olam ha'Ba.
Why is that?

(a) Which other two sinners does the Tana list who forfeit their portion in Olam ha'Ba?

(b) Rebbi Akiva adds someone who reads 'Sefarim ha'Chitzonim' (which will be explained later), and 'ha'Lochesh al ha'Makeh'.
What does this mean?

(c) Which sinner does Aba Shaul add to the list?

(a) What does the Tana Kama say about Yeravam, Achav and Menasheh?

(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold?

(c) Rebbi Yehudah learns his opinion from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "va'Yispalel Eilav, va'Yishma Techinaso va'Yeshivehu Yerushalayim le'Malchuso".
How do the Rabbanan counter his proof?

(d) Which four Hedyotos (non-kings) lost their portions in Olam ha'Ba?

Answers to questions



(a) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from the incident with Elisha and the king's officer?

(b) Why was the latter trampled underfoot when the starving people ran to buy food?

(c) What had ...

  1. ... Elisha said?
  2. ... the officer replied?
  3. ... Elisha commented?
(d) We suggest that his death was due to Elisha's curse.
What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about a Chacham's curse?

(e) So how do we know that his death was not due to Elisha's curse?

(a) What do we prove from the Pasuk in Korach "u'Nesatem Mimenu es Terumas Hashem le'Aharon ha'Kohen"?

(b) How does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael interpret the Pasuk?

(c) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan extrapolate from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Vayomer ... Laseis M'nas ha'Kohanim ve'ha'Levi'im Lema'an Yechezku be'Toras Hashem"?

(d) What does Rav Acha bar Ada Amar Rav Yehudah mean when he compares giving one's Terumah to a Kohen Am ha'Aretz to placing it in front of a lion?

(e) What does ...

  1. ... Rebbi Yochanan add, based on the Pasuk in Emor "u'Meisu Bo ki Yechaleluhu"?
  2. ... de'Bei Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov add, based on the Pasuk there "ve'Hisi'u Osam Avon Ashmah, be'Ochlom es Kodsheihem"?
(a) What does Rebbi Sima'i learn from the Pasuk in Va'eira (in connection with the Avos) "ve'Gam Hakimosi es B'risi Itam Laseis *Lahem* es Eretz Cana'an"?

(b) When the heretics asked Raban Gamliel for a source for Techi'as ha'Meisim, how many sources did he initially give them?

(c) On what grounds did they query his proof from the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... Vayeilech "Vayomer Hashem el Moshe Hincha Shochev im Avosecha ve'Kam"?
  2. ... Yeshayah "Yichyu Meisecha ... Hakitzu ve'Ranenu Shochnei Afar"?
  3. ... Shir Hashirim "ve'Chikech ke'Yein ha'Levanon ... Dovev Sifsei Yesheinim"?
(d) What did Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak say about someone whose rulings are quoted after his death?
(a) Raban Gamliel finally quoted a Pasuk from the second Parshah of the Shema.
Which Pasuk?

(b) According to others, he quoted them the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "ve'Atem ha'Deveikim ba'Hashem Elokeichem Chayim Kulchem Hayom".
What is the proof for Techi'as ha'Meisim from there?

(c) The Romans, like the heretics, queried Rebbi Yehoshua's proof from the Pasuk in Vayeilech ("Hincha Shochev im Avosecha ve'Kam ha'Am ha'Zeh ve'Zanah"), though they did accept his proof from there for their second She'eilah.
What was their second She'eilah?

(a) How did Rebbi Eliezer b'Rebbi Yossi disprove the heretics' assertion that there is no proof from the Torah for Techi'as ha'Meisim, from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha "Hikares Tikares ha'Nefesh ha'Hi, *Avonah Bah*"?

(b) Why did he not prove it from the double Lashon "Hikares Tikares"?

(c) Rebbi Akiva, in a Beraisa, actually learns Techi'as ha'Meisim from "Hikares Tikares".
What problem does Rebbi Yishmael have with that from the Pasuk "es Hashem Hu Megadef ve'Nichresash"?

(d) Why does Rebbi Akiva decline to learn like Rebbi Yishmael?

(a) What does Rebbi Yishmael learn from the double Lashon "Hikares Tikares"?

(b) What do both Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva learn from "Avonah Bah"?

(c) Queen Cleopatra learned Techi'as ha'Meisim from the Pasuk in Tehilim "va'Yatzitzu me'Ir ke'Eisev ha'Aretz".
What did she ask Rebbi Meir about the dead who will be revived?

(d) What did he answer her?

Answers to questions

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