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 Gemara 56b [line 40]:
 Gemara 56b [line 42]:
1) [line 2] "VA'YEHI ..." - "And it was when Shmuel became old [that he appointed his sons as judges over Israel].... And his sons did not walk in his ways" (Shmuel I 8:1-3)
2) [line 4] "VA'YITU ..." - "And they turned after fraudulent profit [and they accepted bribes and perverted justice]" (ibid.)
3) [line 10] CHAZANEIHEN - their attendants. The sons of Shmuel hired these attendants to go call litigants to court, in order to enable those workers to profit.
4) [line 11] SOFREIHEN - their scribes. The sons of Shmuel hired these scribes to write the various legal documents, in order to enable them to profit.
5) [line 12] CHELKAM SHA'ALU V'FIHEM - they explicitly asked for their portion. As Levi'im, the sons of Shmuel were entitled to receive Ma'aser Rishon. However, by expressly asking that it be given to them, they left the owners no other choice but to give it to them (since they were the leaders of the people, the owners would not refuse them). They thus caused poor Levi'im to lose out.
6) [line 13] MELAI HITILU AL BA'ALEI BATIM - they placed merchandise upon the people [making them be their commerce agents]
7) [line 14] NATLU BI'ZRO'A - they took forcefully
8) [line 15] MATANOS
9) [line 21] MEHAPECH V'DARISH BI'ZCHUSEI D'DAVID - he would probe [and discern] and teach the merits of David
10) [line 28] LIKUCHIN YESH LECHA BAH - you are legally entitled to marry her. That is, (a) your nuptials are binding, since she is not married to anyone else (RASHI; TOSFOS' second explanation). (b) Even though you sinned, she is permitted to you, because she went with you originally against her will, and a woman who is coerced does not become forbidden to her husband or to her seducer (after her husband dies or divorces her) (TOSFOS' first explanation).
11) [line 31] "V'ES ASERES CHARITZEI HE'CHALAV" - "[Yishai said to David his son:...] Go bring these ten milk-cheeses to the captain of the thousand, and ask them of their welfare, and bring back news of their victory" (Shmuel I 17:18). - "Bring back news of their victory" is the simple explanation of the words according to Rashi there. Our Gemara interprets it to mean "bring back their divorces for their wives." Hence, this is a source that soldiers at war would divorce their wives lest they be lost at war.
12) [line 40] "VA'YOMER LO HA'MELECH ..." - "And the king said to him, 'Where is he?' And Tziva said to the king, 'Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Amiel, in Lo-Davar.'" (Shmuel II 9:4) - King David wanted to help any surviving member of King Shaul's family, because of his great love of Yonasan, the son of Shaul. Tziva, slave of King Shaul, informed him of the only surviving member, Mefivoshes. According to Chazal, Tziva lied about the Torah-learning of Mefivoshes, claiming that he was unlearned (from the word "Lo-Davar".) David discovered him an exceptional Torah scholar (from the word "mi'Lo-Davar [verse 5,]" which may be read Maley Davar.)
13a) [line 47] "U'MEFIVOSHES BEN SHA'UL ..." - "And Mefivoshes the son of
Shaul came down to meet the king, and he had neither dressed his feet, nor
trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed
until the day he came back in peace." (Shmuel II 19:25) - The two
possibilities for his behavior were: (a) he was loyal to King David,
mourning the fact that the king was temporarily deposed; (b) he was
disloyal to King David, and did not beautify himself at the king's return
14) [line 49] "VAYEHI KI VA YERUSHALAYIM" - "And it came to pass, when he was coming to Yerushalayim to meet the king, that the king said to him, 'Why did you not go with me, Mefivoshes?'"(ibid. 19:26)
15) [line 7] AMAR LO, ANI AMARTI - Mefivoshes said to King David, "I
19) [line 27] "V'ES HA'BAMOS ASHER AL PENEI YERUSHALAYIM ASHER MIMIN L'HAR (HA'MISHCHAH) [HA'MASHCHIS] ..." - "And the high places that were before Yerushalayim, which were on the south of the Mount of Corruption (= Mount of Olives), which Shlomo the king of Yisrael had built for Ashtores the abomination of the Tzidonim, and for Kemosh the abomination of Moav, and for Milkom the abomination of the people of Amon, the king (Yoshiyahu) defiled." (Melachim II 23:13)
20) [line 31] ACHARONIM - Yoshiyahu
23) [line 36] ELEF MINEI ZEMER - a thousand types of musical instruments
26) [line 40] TZERIF ECHAD - one hut
28) [line 46] NASAN D'TZUTZISA - the name given to Mar Ukva (a) because he was rewarded with a shining light (Nitzotzos) over his head due to a great act of abstinence and Teshuvah; (b) because he was a great Torah sage, and the verse states "Chachmas Adam Ta'ir Panav" ("The wisdom of a person lights up his face" - Koheles 8:1); (c) because the Angel who accepted his Teshuvah held him by his sidelocks (Tzitzis Rosho)
29) [last line] MENAMNEM - dozing